After a series of political crises, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson resigned from his position in July.
In December 2020, Johnson's Conservative Party secured a majority in a general election, paving the way for Johnson to pass his Brexit deal and take the UK out of the European Union.
This year, Johnson has been facing a barrage of criticism over his conduct and that of his government, including illegal, lockdown-breaking parties thrown in his Downing Street offices for which he and others were fined.
On June 7, Johnson survived a confidence vote by members of his own party. But the final count of lawmakers who rebelled against him was far higher than his supporters expected.
Johnson was dealt another blow on July 5 when two of his top ministers announced their resignations, saying they could no longer work for a government mired in scandal. The crisis blew up after the resignation of deputy chief whip Chris Pincher, who stepped down amid allegations he had groped two guests at a private dinner. It later emerged that a complaint had been made against Pincher in the Foreign Office about three years ago and that Johnson was briefed on what happened.