An image taken from CNN affiliate KTLA
An image taken from CNN affiliate KTLA's tower camera in Hollywood after an earthquake was reported in the area.
PHOTO: KTLA
Now playing
02:19
6.4 earthquake shakes Southern California
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 12: U.S. President Donald Trump turns to reporters as he exits the White House to walk toward Marine One on the South Lawn on January 12, 2021 in Washington, DC. Following last week
WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 12: U.S. President Donald Trump turns to reporters as he exits the White House to walk toward Marine One on the South Lawn on January 12, 2021 in Washington, DC. Following last week's deadly pro-Trump riot at the U.S. Capitol, President Trump is making his first public appearance with a trip to the town of Alamo, Texas to view the construction of the wall along the U.S.-Mexico border. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
PHOTO: Drew Angerer/Getty Images
Now playing
01:36
'Fuming': How Trump is reacting to his second impeachment
southern california january strong winds low humidity fire conditions weather santa ana winds_00000000.png
southern california january strong winds low humidity fire conditions weather santa ana winds_00000000.png
Now playing
01:19
Fire weather prevalent across Southern California
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
02:34
Blizzard, rain, and snow to hinder Central and Eastern US weekend weather
PHOTO: POOL
Now playing
00:48
Pence makes surprise visit to Capitol to thank National Guard
FBI Director Christopher Wray speaks during a virtual news conference at the Department of Justice on October 28, 2020 in Washington, DC.
FBI Director Christopher Wray speaks during a virtual news conference at the Department of Justice on October 28, 2020 in Washington, DC.
PHOTO: Sarah Silbiger/Getty Images
Now playing
03:47
FBI director speaks publicly for first time since Capitol riots
PHOTO: From Public Report / Jeremy Lee Quinn
Now playing
01:39
Video from inside Capitol raises questions for investigators
A man receives a dose of the Moderna coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine at a vaccination site at South Bronx Educational Campus, in the Bronx New York on January 10, 2021. (Photo by Kena Betancur / AFP) (Photo by KENA BETANCUR/AFP via Getty Images)
A man receives a dose of the Moderna coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine at a vaccination site at South Bronx Educational Campus, in the Bronx New York on January 10, 2021. (Photo by Kena Betancur / AFP) (Photo by KENA BETANCUR/AFP via Getty Images)
PHOTO: KENA BETANCUR/AFP/Getty Images
Now playing
02:25
Coronavirus cases surge as states struggle to vaccinate
CNN
CNN's Salma Abdelaziz reports from inside the first hotel in the country to have been converted into a overflow hospital to treat patients.
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
03:21
See inside the first UK hotel converted into a Covid-19 ward
House impeachment 217
House impeachment 217
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
02:08
See historic moment House reaches enough votes to impeach Trump
PHOTO: Pool
Now playing
01:25
Pelosi speaks for first time following Trump's historic 2nd impeachment
Trump new video
Trump new video
PHOTO: White House Photo
Now playing
07:36
Trump releases video condemning violence after second impeachment
PHOTO: pool
Now playing
03:27
House GOP leader: The President bears responsibility for attack
Now playing
02:06
Ex-FBI director on what investigators are looking for after Capitol riot
Capitol Hill National Guard security resting protection Bash vpx_00004417.png
Capitol Hill National Guard security resting protection Bash vpx_00004417.png
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
00:57
'Nothing like I've seen:' Bash reacts to video of resting troops in Capitol
PHOTO: House TV
Now playing
03:04
Hear Pelosi's remarks during impeachment debate
Nation Guard Guns Capitol 0113
Nation Guard Guns Capitol 0113
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
02:43
What the Capitol looks like ahead of impeachment vote
(CNN) —  

An earthquake that jolted a large swath of Southern California has produced more than 1,400 aftershocks and left what looks like a “scar across the desert,” scientists said Friday.

“An event like this will continue producing aftershocks for years,” Cal Tech geophysicist Zach Ross said of Thursday’s 6.4 magnitude earthquake.

The quake – centered near Ridgecrest, 150 miles north of Los Angeles – was the strongest to hit Southern California in nearly 20 years, prompting one city’s mayor and later the governor to declare a state of emergency for the area.

Crews are doing an assessment over areas hit by the Searles Valley earthquake, US Geological Survey seismologist Susan Hough said. Some land was moved laterally by the quake’s power, creating cracks that give the appearance of a scar, she said.

Aftershocks kept rolling across the region Friday, with one measuring 5.4 reported northeast of Ridgecrest, the USGS said.

The 5.4 aftershock was centered about 10 miles west of Searles Valley and was felt “throughout the SoCal region,” the Los Angeles Fire Department reported.

’Like being in a movie’

Experiencing the quake was like being in a movie, Ridgecrest resident Sara Baird said.

“Everything shakes. The whole ground shakes beneath you, the whole house. Everything fell in my kitchen, it’s still on the floor,” Baird told CNN affiliate KABC.

Water pipes are damaged after an  earthquake on Thursday, July 4, 2019, in Trona, California.
Water pipes are damaged after an earthquake on Thursday, July 4, 2019, in Trona, California.
PHOTO: Matt Hartman/AP

“People are pretty rattled – literally and figuratively,” Kern County Communications Director Megan Person told CNN on Friday. She said the county government established a crisis hotline to support residents mental health in the wake of the earthquakes and aftershocks.

Experts said there’s a 20% chance of an earthquake of magnitude 6 or higher occurring in the next week .

But a larger quake isn’t as likely, the USGS said.

“While it is always possible for large quakes to trigger an even larger quake, most do not,” the agency said. “It’s generally not possible to determine whether a given quake will turn out to be a ‘foreshock’ of a larger one.”

Gas leaks, fires, cracked roads in earthquake’s epicenter

PAGER – the USGS’s system for estimating fatality and economic loss impact after earthquakes – estimates there will be between $10 million to $100 million in losses.

The quake was felt from Las Vegas to Orange County and cities throughout California saw varying degrees of damage.

A crack in the road is seen near Ridgecrest , California, on Thursday, July 4, after an earthquake in the area.
A crack in the road is seen near Ridgecrest , California, on Thursday, July 4, after an earthquake in the area.
PHOTO: Courtesy Karaleigh Roe

Ridgecrest Mayor Peggy Breeden declared a state of emergency, saying there were five fires and broken gas lines across the city of 28,000.

One resident, Kimberly Washburn, was directing a children’s July 4th program when the building began to shake, startling the 65 children on stage, who began screaming.

“It was terrifying,” she said.

One boy was injured when something fell on his foot, but Washburn said they were blessed that more weren’t hurt. After they evacuated, a wall fell behind where the children had been performing, she said.

In Kern County, the earthquake’s epicenter, the fire department responded to more than 20 incidents relating to the earthquake and aftershocks, including fires and medical emergencies, the department said.

Gov. Gavin Newsom approved an emergency proclamation for the county to address the earthquake and aftershocks.

A 4-inch crack opened up on State Route 178, according to San Bernardino County Fire spokesman Jeremy Kern.

On Friday, geologists were out surveying cracks, measuring them and recording the locations. Brian Olson of the California Geological Survey said the information will prevent building from being built on fault lines.

“It’s important to note that … earthquakes don’t just produce strong shaking, they can also break the surface and move it,” he said.

Ridgecrest hospital affected

Ridgecrest Regional Hospital is closed and could remain that way for up to a week before it’s back to full services, Jim Suver, the hospital CEO and president, said Friday.

Ridgecrest Regional’s emergency room is open for walk-in patients to be triaged and treated. The hospital can also still serve pregnant patients in active labor for delivery. The hospital’s skilled nursing facility, which serves 65 patients, remains open.

The hospital’s urgent care, lab, radiology, dental, rehab and medical records units are closed, according to a Facebook post by the hospital. Most outpatient procedures are canceled.

Suver said all the hospital’s 25 patients were transferred. Some patients would have been transferred regardless of Thursday’s earthquake, Suver said.

The strongest quakes in Southern California

The last time Southern California saw such a forceful quake was nearly 20 years ago, when the 7.1 Hector Mine quake shook the Mojave Desert.

That quake struck in the early morning hours of October 16, 1999 and people from Southern California to Arizona and Nevada felt the tremor. But because the quake was centered in a remote region, it caused “relatively negligible damage,” the Southern California Earthquake Data Center said.

In 1994, Los Angeles’ San Fernando Valley was struck by a deadly 6.7 magnitude earthquake that killed at least 57 people and injured more than 7,000, according to the USGS.

“The earthquake had immense impact on people and structures because it was centered directly beneath a heavily populated and built-up urban region,” the USGS said.

CNN’s Taylor Ward, Nicole Chavez, Monica Garrett, Stella Chan, Cheri Mossburg, Dave Alsup, Braden Goyette, Melissa Alonso, Ray Sanchez, Carma Hassan and Nadia Kounang contributed to this report.