CNN
Now playing
08:00
In Her Shoes: A footballer's life
LYON, FRANCE - JULY 07:  Megan Rapinoe of the USA celebrates after scoring her team's first goal during the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup France Final match between The United States of America and The Netherlands at Stade de Lyon on July 07, 2019 in Lyon, France. (Photo by Richard Heathcote/Getty Images)
Richard Heathcote/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
LYON, FRANCE - JULY 07: Megan Rapinoe of the USA celebrates after scoring her team's first goal during the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup France Final match between The United States of America and The Netherlands at Stade de Lyon on July 07, 2019 in Lyon, France. (Photo by Richard Heathcote/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:09
World Cup fans chant in support of equal pay
CNN
Now playing
01:59
Trump weighs in on equal pay for female athletes
CNN
Now playing
00:54
Rapinoe: We are a proud, strong and defiant group of women
fifa womens world cup roundtable on the field moments football spt intl_00000008.jpg
fifa womens world cup roundtable on the field moments football spt intl_00000008.jpg
Now playing
04:46
WWC 2019 Roundtable: On the field moments
United States' forward Megan Rapinoe celebrates after scoring a goal during the France 2019 Women's World Cup quarter-final football match between France and USA, on June 28, 2019, at the Parc des Princes stadium in Paris. (Photo by Lionel BONAVENTURE / AFP)        (Photo credit should read LIONEL BONAVENTURE/AFP/Getty Images)
LIONEL BONAVENTURE/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
United States' forward Megan Rapinoe celebrates after scoring a goal during the France 2019 Women's World Cup quarter-final football match between France and USA, on June 28, 2019, at the Parc des Princes stadium in Paris. (Photo by Lionel BONAVENTURE / AFP) (Photo credit should read LIONEL BONAVENTURE/AFP/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:29
Stars: What would a WWC win mean for USWNT?
CNN
Now playing
02:01
Women's World Cup: Megan Rapinoe 1-on-1
ROTHERHAM, ENGLAND - APRIL 08:  Eniola Aluko in action during the UEFA Women's European Qualifer between England and Belgium at The New York Stadium on April 8, 2016 in Rotherham, England.  (Photo by Michael Regan/Getty Images)
Michael Regan/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
ROTHERHAM, ENGLAND - APRIL 08: Eniola Aluko in action during the UEFA Women's European Qualifer between England and Belgium at The New York Stadium on April 8, 2016 in Rotherham, England. (Photo by Michael Regan/Getty Images)
Now playing
02:15
Aluko: 'Bullish' Neville can inspire World Cup glory
EMPOLI, ITALY - JANUARY 18: Christiane Endler of Chile Women throws the ball during the International Friendly match between Italy Women and Chile Women on January 18, 2019 in Empoli, Italy.  (Photo by Gabriele Maltinti/Getty Images)
Gabriele Maltinti/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
EMPOLI, ITALY - JANUARY 18: Christiane Endler of Chile Women throws the ball during the International Friendly match between Italy Women and Chile Women on January 18, 2019 in Empoli, Italy. (Photo by Gabriele Maltinti/Getty Images)
Now playing
03:37
Christiane Endler's path to France 2019
CNN
Now playing
02:36
Women's World Cup: Alex Morgan 1-On-1
CNN
Now playing
02:14
Women's World Cup: Lucy Bronze 1-on-1
PARIS, FRANCE - JUNE 07: General view inside the stadium during the opening ceremony prior to the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup France group A match between France and Korea Republic at Parc des Princes on June 07, 2019 in Paris, France. (Photo by Robert Cianflone/Getty Images)
Robert Cianflone/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
PARIS, FRANCE - JUNE 07: General view inside the stadium during the opening ceremony prior to the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup France group A match between France and Korea Republic at Parc des Princes on June 07, 2019 in Paris, France. (Photo by Robert Cianflone/Getty Images)
Now playing
02:40
Women's World Cup excitement: Fact or fiction?
CNN
Now playing
01:36
Women's World Cup: Janine Van Wyk 1-On-1
CNN
Now playing
02:01
Women's World Cup: Maria Jose Rojas 1-On-1
CNN
Now playing
01:46
Women's World Cup: Amandine Henry 1-On-1
CNN
Now playing
01:59
Women's World Cup: Ellen White 1-on-1
CNN
Now playing
01:36
Women's World Cup: Rita Chikwelu 1-On-1
PARIS, FRANCE - DECEMBER 08:  The FIFA Women's World Cup trophy on display during the FIFA Women's World Cup France 2019 Draw at La Seine Musicale on December 8, 2018 in Paris, France.  (Photo by Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images)
Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
PARIS, FRANCE - DECEMBER 08: The FIFA Women's World Cup trophy on display during the FIFA Women's World Cup France 2019 Draw at La Seine Musicale on December 8, 2018 in Paris, France. (Photo by Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images)
Now playing
02:01
FIFA Women's World Cup: Bigger, better, bolder
CNN —  

The group stages have concluded, to the knockout stages we go.

After 36 games, 106 goals, 84 yellow cards, and plenty of VAR controversy, 24 teams have been whittled to 16 and the pressure now turns up a notch or two at the Women’s World Cup.

The big-hitters have come through their opening tests unscathed, though there have been a few headlines along the way, while all four debutants – Jamaica, Chile, South Africa and Scotland – have now departed but left their mark nonetheless.

From record-breaking matches to empty seats and ferocious debates, a lot has been learned from the group stages of the Women’s World Cup.

READ: The Brazil great who defied a dictatorship to play football

US still the ones to beat

US fans are out in numbers in France.
Martin Rose/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
US fans are out in numbers in France.

Questions were being asked about defending champions the US before the start of the tournament. Was the defense solid enough? Would a squad consisting of largely the same players which floundered at the Rio Olympics be able to defend its title?

The defense hasn’t yet been truly tested, but three group wins for a goal difference of +18 suggests that this is a team eager to make up for its quarterfinal elimination in Brazil, its worst showing in a major tournament.

Jill Ellis, who is aiming to become the first coach to win the Women’s World Cup twice, has chosen a blend of the old and the new and over the last three years has tinkered with, rather than overhauled, the team’s style of play. So far, it has worked.

For athleticism, for speed, for attacking prowess, the US is without equal. Indeed, no team has ever scored more in the group stages of this competition than the 18 goals netted by the title holders.

Ellis has a wealth of attacking talents to choose from and, as the 13-0 walloping of Thailand in the team’s opening fixture proved, the US forwards are ruthless. Alex Morgan – a record five goals in that headline-generating win over Thailand – and Carli Lloyd already have a healthy goal tally, which is ominous for opponents.

Once the US goes into full throttle, Ellis’ side could be impossible to stop.

READ: Can anyone stop the USWNT?

READ: Sam Kerr – Australia’s million dollar player

Who has qualified

There are no surprises in the knockout stages. The top 10 ranked teams in the world are through – US, Germany, England, France, Canada, Australia, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden and Brazil.

Spain, ranked 13th in the world, has made it to the last 16 for the first time and must now play the US on Monday, while China has maintained its record of having never failed to progress beyond the group stages.

Sara Gama of Italy is thrown in the air by her teammates.
Robert Cianflone/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
Sara Gama of Italy is thrown in the air by her teammates.

Italy caused the biggest upset of the group stages by beating Australia in the final minutes of its opening group match and the reward is progress to the knockout stages for the first time since 1991.

The Italians could be the surprise outfit of the tournament and beating former finalists China does not seem out of the question. The last-16 fixtures are as follow:

  • June 22: Germany vs. Nigeria; Norway vs. Australia
  • June 23: England vs. Cameroon; France vs. Brazil
  • June 24: Spain vs. US; Sweden vs. Canada
  • June 25: Italy vs. China; Netherlands vs. Japan

Visit CNN.com/Sport for more news, features and videos

The world’s best top the charts

Two players top the scoring charts and their names will come as no surprise. Alex Morgan – who, during the defeat of Thailand, became only the second American to score five in a World Cup match – and Sam Kerr, the first Australian to score a hat-trick at a World Cup, lead the way with five goals each.

Following close behind is Brazil’s Cristiane on four goals. The Brazil striker scored the first hat-trick of the tournament and became the oldest player in World Cup history to hit a treble as Brazil beat Jamaica 3-0 in Group C.

Marta kisses her boot after becoming the first player to score in five Women's World Cup tournaments.
Robert Cianflone/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
Marta kisses her boot after becoming the first player to score in five Women's World Cup tournaments.

Aged 34 years and 25 days, Cristiane beat the record held by Cristiano Ronaldo, who was 33 years and 130 days old when he scored a hat-trick in Portugal’s 3-3 draw with Spain at Russia 2018.

Brazil’s Marta, who scored her 17th goal this week to become the most prolific scorer in World Cup finals history, has scored twice in France. A decent return considering the six-time FIFA Player of the Year was featured in just two of Brazil’s three group games – being on the pitch for a total of just 129 minutes.

Bye Bye Jamaica, South Africa, Chile and Scotland

The story of Jamaica’s journey to the World Cup captured hearts around the world. Twice disbanded, the Reggae Girlz became the first Caribbean team to qualify for the Women’s World Cup and did so thanks to the financial help of Bob Marley’s daughter.

Though Jamaica leaves France without a win, the Reggae Girlz have certainly made their mark. They received a standing ovation from both Jamaican and Australian fans as they bade au revoir to the tournament following the team’s final group match, which ended in a 4-1 defeat by the Matildas.

South Africa, Chile and Scotland are other debutants to exit the tournament at the group stage, but their presence in France has been to the tournament’s benefit.

As South Africa captain Janine Van Wyk tweeted: “Sometimes it’s not about winning, to be seen or spoken about, sometimes it is about showing your worth & what value bring to the game with the ‘NEVER SAY DIE’ kind of attitude.”

Gulf exists between the elite and the rest

What Jamaica’s story illustrates is that not only is there a gulf in funding between men’s and women’s national teams, but there is also a huge gap between the elite of women’s football and the rest.

Thailand’s record 13-0 defeat to the US, the heaviest in World Cup history, proves there is still much need to be done to make the tournament more competitive.

The Thai team is supported by a wealthy patron, the general manager Nualphan Lamsam, who is the chief executive of one of the country’s largest insurance companies. Her tears as Thailand scored its first World Cup goal in a 5-1 defeat by Sweden showed how significant a moment that goal was for her, the team and women’s football in Thailand.

Would Thailand or Jamaica have been able to compete in France without outside investment? The answer to that would be an emphatic no. That national teams rely on wealthy benefactors rather than support from their federations should compel FIFA, the sport’s governing body, to do more.

US striker Morgan said after the victory over Thailand that she hoped that the 13-0 scoreline “encourages FIFA to put a bit of pressure on those respective federations to put more efforts into their women’s sides.” More investment is certainly needed. Urgently.

Goalkeepers & VAR – The big debate

Scotland's Lee Alexander wipes away the tears after the 3-3 draw with Argentina.
Richard Heathcote/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
Scotland's Lee Alexander wipes away the tears after the 3-3 draw with Argentina.

During the opening weeks of the tournament, a number of interesting debates have been had.

How much should a team celebrate scoring when thrashing minnows? Why don’t all federations support the women’s game? Also generating tweets and headlines are goalkeepers and VAR (Video Assistant Referee).

Three penalty kicks have been retaken at this summer’s tournament so far after VAR ruled that goalkeepers did not have at least one part of their foot on the goal line.

While FIFA has yet to comment publicly on the penalty controversies, it is clear that officials are simply following the laws imposed by the sport’s rule-making body, the International Football Association Board.

“We need to talk about this rule and the way it’s impacting matches,” Hope Solo tweeted after Scotland goalkeeper Lee Alexander was penalized by the video assistant referee after her dramatic penalty save during her team’s game with Argentina Wednesday.

READ: Christiane Endler – the goalkeeper opening doors for other women