Now playing
02:08
African migrants denounce conditions at Mexico border
Anthony Blinken BBC intv
BBC
Anthony Blinken BBC intv
Now playing
03:27
Blinken: US will respond if Russia acts recklessly against Ukraine
Now playing
02:50
Brazil says it's ready to end deforestation in Amazon. But there's a price tag
The trial of the two US citizens charged with the murder of Italian police officer Mario Cerciello in July 2019 has concluded and a verdict is expected.
AFP
The trial of the two US citizens charged with the murder of Italian police officer Mario Cerciello in July 2019 has concluded and a verdict is expected.
Now playing
02:49
Italy charged two Californians with murder. Here are the case details
screengrab myanmar training
Reuters
screengrab myanmar training
Now playing
02:30
In Myanmar's jungles, protesters are training to fight the junta
Reuters
Now playing
01:50
Controversy around Ethiopia's Nile River dam project explained
Mexico C5 security system
Now playing
01:56
Video shows moment Mexico City metro overpass collapses
south africa cash in transit heist attempt pretoria McKenzie DNT intl ldn vpx_00004113.png
CIT Dashcam Video
south africa cash in transit heist attempt pretoria McKenzie DNT intl ldn vpx_00004113.png
Now playing
01:29
Gunmen with AK-47s ambushed cash-in-transit van. See how security team reacted
CNN
Now playing
04:59
Rare access to Ukrainian patrol boat challenging Russian navy
uruguay peoples pots feed hungry coronavirus pandemic romo pkg vpx_00000109.png
uruguay peoples pots feed hungry coronavirus pandemic romo pkg vpx_00000109.png
Now playing
02:24
This group of volunteers is on a noble mission amid pandemic
Now playing
01:21
Watch octopuses change color while they sleep
CNN
Now playing
05:00
Striking oil here could be worth billions of dollars. Not everyone is happy
screengrab myanmar journalist
DVB
screengrab myanmar journalist
Now playing
03:13
Myanmar's journalists face 'humanitarian crisis' as crackdown intensifies
Reuters
Now playing
04:19
Social media footage shows crush in Israel
screengrab myanmar thailand border
Karen National Union
screengrab myanmar thailand border
Now playing
03:06
Rare footage shows gun battle at Myanmar-Thailand border
Now playing
01:04
See Beijing launch key component of planned space station
(CNN) —  

More than 70 million people have been forced to flee their homes due to violence or persecution, the United Nations has said, as the global migrant crisis pushed the number of refugees and displaced people to an all-time high.

The world’s displaced population is now almost double that from a decade ago, and includes an estimated 13.6 million people who fled their homes in 2018, according to the UN Refugee Agency’s annual Global Trends Report.

It is a rise of 2.3 million on last year’s figure, and includes 25.9 million refugees – also the highest number ever recorded.

Overall, an average of 37,000 people are forced from their homes every day, the report said, and one in every 108 people on the planet is now displaced.

Released ahead of World Refugee Day on Thursday, the body’s findings paint a bleak but predictable picture of the rate of displacement around the world – as conflicts in several corners of the earth continued to tear people from their homes.

The Syrian war remained a major driver, while Venezuela joined the ranks of the worst-affected countries after tens of thousands fled the humanitarian and economic crisis roiling the nation.

More than two-thirds of refugees came from just five nations: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia. A further 41.3 million people worldwide were displaced within their own countries, and 3.5 million were recorded as asylum seekers.

Announcing the figures, UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi criticized rich, “inward-looking” countries for failing to share the burden of resettlement that currently falls disproportionately upon poorer nations.

“Very often we tend to think of the one big refugee crisis affecting the rich world. This is the perception that many people have – and it is wrong,” Grandi said at a press conference Wednesday. “The statistics tell us another story. That is it very often unfortunately a crisis of the poor.”

“This attitude translates practically into a very inward-looking, very restrictive attitude towards people coming to seek safety here … rejection, pushing back, building walls does not solve the problem,” he added, in a swipe at populist governments that are attempting to shut their borders to migrants around the world.

Every other refugee a child

But Grandi also praised efforts to tackle the crisis, which he called “one of the great challenges of our times.”

“While language around refugees and migrants is often divisive, we are also witnessing an outpouring of generosity and solidarity, especially by communities who are themselves hosting large numbers of refugees,” he said.

Another 5.5 million Palestinian refugees were recorded, though these fall under the mandate of the UN’s Relief and Works Agency.

In total, around half of the refugee population in 2018 were children.

The United States received more asylum claims than any other nation, with 254,300, despite repeated attempts from the Trump administration to curtail the flow of migrants into the country.

For the fifth straight year, Turkey hosted more refugees than any other country; its take of 3.7 million dwarfed that of Pakistan (1.4 million), Uganda (1.2 million), Sudan and Germany (both 1.1 million).

Germany, by some distance the greatest taker of migrants in the European Union, noted the “important contribution” it is making to refugee protection after the figures were released.

“Germany has taken in many refugees who have experienced suffering and war,” Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said. “However, we must not forget that 91% of the refugees do not live in the European Union, but are often admitted to developing or emerging countries. These people, too, need our support. And they need a new life perspective. Human dignity is inalienable. This applies for everyone.”

Millions flee Venezuela crisis

The report’s figures highlight the dramatic escalation in displacement that started in 2012.

A decade ago, one in 160 people around the world were displaced, and last year the number stood at one in 110, but the rate now dropped to 108.

But the UNHCR warned that its numbers were conservative and said it was still grappling to count those fleeing from Venezuela.

The recent crisis in that country threatens to cause another acceleration in refugee rates. More than one million Venezuelans have crossed into neighboring Colombia, the report said, with others heading to Peru, Chile or Brazil.

More than 460,000 Venezuelans have sought asylum, including about 350,000 in 2018 alone, the UNHCR said. In total, an estimated four million Venezuelans have left their country.

“With every refugee situation, wherever it is, however long it has been going on for, there has to be an enduring emphasis on solutions and removing obstacles to people being able to return home,” said Grandi.

“This is complex work in which UNHCR is constantly engaged but which also requires all countries to come together for a common good. It is one of the great challenges of our times.”

CNN’s Nadine Schmidt contributed to this report.