The judges struck down section 164 of the country's penal code,
which had stipulated seven years in prison for what it called "carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature."
The court unanimously ruled that the legislation was discriminatory, unconstitutional and against the public interest.
And let's face it, it is a huge victory -- especially after last month's let-down in Kenya
, where the courts failed to decriminalize their own colonial-era anti-gay sex laws.
Of course, there are those who will respond to Botswana's landmark ruling with confusion, and rage about the so-called 'scourge of homosexuality' sweeping across Africa.
When you ask these people what angers them so, they usually respond with something like, 'It is not in our culture as Africans.'
This statement has always been ridiculous, long before today's ruling.
This is not only because so many of our homophobic laws were in fact a poisonous gift from our British and Portugese colonial masters, but also because people are remarkably unaware that many African countries are not in fact homophobic by law.
Take the past three decades, for instance. Progress has been too slow for comfort, yes, but taken as an arc of history, after the initial 10-year lull between South Africa affirming the rights of LGBTQ people in 1994 (formally adopting it in 1996) and Cape Verde doing the same in 2004, the pace has noticeably quickened.
In 2012, same-sex activity was legalized in Lesotho
, a kingdom landlocked by South Africa. That same year, São Tomé and Príncipe made same-sex
In 2015, Mozambique, which -- to its credit -- had never really enforced the law or harassed citizens, cast aside an evil colonial legacy from Portugal and decriminalized homosexuality (previously termed in the old code "vices against nature"), while also making same-sex relations legal
In 2016, Seychelles followed suit
. Keeping a promise made to the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2011, the country (which had never actually proscribed sex between women) decriminalized sex between men, striking down the 60-year old section of its penal code that stipulated up to 14 years in prison.
West Africa's Guinea Bissau is a remarkable case
, and one where progress came quite early.
In the country's Creole language, there are no gender pronoun differences, and homosexual (and trans) people have lived very open public lives for a long time. This is a small country surrounded by homophobic nations including Guinea, Gambia and Senegal, but homosexuality has never been illegal here since the adoption of its penal code in 1993.
In 2008, in fact, it was one of the 66 countries
to sign a Statement on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly.