Abortion rights supporters stand during a news conference by Presidential candidate Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y., at the Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta on Thursday, May 16, 2019 to discuss abortion bans in Georgia and across the country. Georgia was the fourth state this year to pass anti-abortion "heartbeat" legislation, but Democratic presidential candidates have taken aim at the state's law banning most abortions after six weeks that's set to go into effect in January. (Bob Andres/Atlanta Journal-Constitution via AP)

The rising wave of abortion restrictions in America

Updated 6:08 PM ET, Fri May 24, 2019

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(CNN)Abortion bans continue popping up across the United States, leaving many people wondering where their states stand. Here's what you need to know.

Abortion is legal in every state

Abortion is legal under Roe v. Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion in all 50 states.
But most states have set limits in one way or another. This year, a series of strict anti-abortion bills have been passed with the intention to reshape women's access to the procedure.
The most restrictive abortion law in the country is in Alabama. The ban makes abortion illegal in virtually all cases -- including cases of rape and incest -- and doctors who perform abortions could face life in prison.
Lawmakers in Georgia, Ohio, Kentucky, Mississippi and Missouri also proposed so-called heartbeat bills this year and successfully got them signed into law.
    Those bills generally ban abortions after a fetal heartbeat is detected, which can be as early as six weeks into a pregnancy -- when many women don't yet know they're pregnant.

    Are these abortion bans in effect?

    Not yet.
    Missouri's law goes into force on August 28. Alabama's ban is set to take effect in November and Georgia's law on January 1.
    It's unclear if those laws will go into effect because they are likely to face numerous legal challenges. The Kentucky and Mississippi bans were blocked by a federal judge and the Ohio ban -- set to take effect this summer -- is being challenged in court.
    Organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union an