PHOTO: KPRC
Now playing
00:41
Flames engulf oil tanks at petrochemical site
Now playing
00:00
Axelrod breaks down Manchin's surprising move
sinema
PHOTO: CNN
sinema
Now playing
01:50
Senator's move has many on the internet outraged
PHOTO: FBI
Now playing
02:58
Trump State Department official charged in Capitol riot
John King Magic Wall 0305
PHOTO: CNN
John King Magic Wall 0305
Now playing
02:17
President Biden sending a team to the US-Mexico border
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
02:53
Here's how Canadian schools have stayed open
This image was taken during the first drive of NASA's Perseverance rover on Mars on March 4, 2021. The team has spent the weeks since landing checking out the rover to prepare for surface operations.
PHOTO: JPL-Caltech/NASA
This image was taken during the first drive of NASA's Perseverance rover on Mars on March 4, 2021. The team has spent the weeks since landing checking out the rover to prepare for surface operations.
Now playing
02:17
NASA releases stunning new images from Mars
Rep john garamendi 0305
PHOTO: CNN
Rep john garamendi 0305
Now playing
02:33
Rep. Garamendi: Any lawmaker involved in Capitol riots ought to be thrown out of Congress
A view of Capitol Hill during heightened security concerns over possible protests or violence tomorrow March 3, 2021, in Washington, DC. - Washington's security posture has been bolstered after threats of a possible March 4, 2021, "breach" of the US Capitol, with the House of Representatives changing its voting plans to avoid gathering members on a day of potential unrest. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski / AFP) (Photo by BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP via Getty Images)
PHOTO: Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images
A view of Capitol Hill during heightened security concerns over possible protests or violence tomorrow March 3, 2021, in Washington, DC. - Washington's security posture has been bolstered after threats of a possible March 4, 2021, "breach" of the US Capitol, with the House of Representatives changing its voting plans to avoid gathering members on a day of potential unrest. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski / AFP) (Photo by BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
03:18
Rep. Sarbanes: Failure to pass HR 1 'would split our democracy in two'
Senior Advisor to the President Jared Kushner  attends a press conference on September 4, 2020, in the Brady Briefing Room of the White House in Washington, DC. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski / AFP) (Photo by BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP via Getty Images)
PHOTO: BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/AFP via Getty Images
Senior Advisor to the President Jared Kushner attends a press conference on September 4, 2020, in the Brady Briefing Room of the White House in Washington, DC. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski / AFP) (Photo by BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
02:50
Jared Kushner disappears from Trump's inner circle
PHOTO: CBS Evening News with Norah O'Donnell
Now playing
02:14
Governor Cuomo accuser Charlotte Bennett speaks out
In this Dec. 1, 2020 file photo, Chairman of the Federal Reserve Jerome Powell appears before the Senate Banking Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington.  Powell told Congress on Wednesday, Feb. 24, 2021,  that the central bank will not begin raising interest rates until the Fed believes it has reached its goals on maximum employment  and warned that many people in the hardest hit industries will likely need to find different jobs.  (AP Photo/Susan Walsh, Pool, File)
PHOTO: Susan Walsh/AP
In this Dec. 1, 2020 file photo, Chairman of the Federal Reserve Jerome Powell appears before the Senate Banking Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington. Powell told Congress on Wednesday, Feb. 24, 2021, that the central bank will not begin raising interest rates until the Fed believes it has reached its goals on maximum employment and warned that many people in the hardest hit industries will likely need to find different jobs. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh, Pool, File)
Now playing
02:18
Jerome Powell: US economy 'some time' away from full recovery
A customer wears a face mask while shopping for flowers displayed for sale from a wholesale merchant ahead of the Valentine's Day holiday at the Southern California Flower Market on February 12, 2021 in Los Angeles, California. - While some florists note an increased demand for socially distant gifts, the Covid-19 pandemic has impacted global supply chains and shut down most large events including weddings where flowers are popular. The Valentine's Day and Mother's Day holidays are historically the two busiest days of the year for floral businesses. (Photo by Patrick T. FALLON / AFP) (Photo by PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP via Getty Images)
PHOTO: Patrick T. Fallon/AFP
A customer wears a face mask while shopping for flowers displayed for sale from a wholesale merchant ahead of the Valentine's Day holiday at the Southern California Flower Market on February 12, 2021 in Los Angeles, California. - While some florists note an increased demand for socially distant gifts, the Covid-19 pandemic has impacted global supply chains and shut down most large events including weddings where flowers are popular. The Valentine's Day and Mother's Day holidays are historically the two busiest days of the year for floral businesses. (Photo by Patrick T. FALLON / AFP) (Photo by PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
02:39
States rolling back Covid-19 safety measures as cases continue to rise
PHOTO: CBS' 60 Minutes+/Getty Images
Now playing
01:45
'QAnon Shaman' says he has one regret about January 6
psaki
PHOTO: CNN
psaki
Now playing
00:56
Psaki fires back at Trump testing czar over vaccine claims
Now playing
02:30
Alabama governor explains why she's ending mask mandate
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
01:35
See what security looks like outside US Capitol
(CNN) —  

The Houston Ship Channel remained closed Monday because of oil and pollutants that leaked into the waterway during last week’s chemical fire at the Intercontinental Terminals Company in Deer Park, Texas, a Coast Guard official told reporters.

But officials say they are making progress in their efforts to open the waterway, as well as to empty and secure tanks at the ITC facility and to monitor air quality for hazardous material. Deer Park students returned to school Monday.

“I’m very, very optimistic in regards to the progress that’s being made,” said Deer Park Mayor Jerry Mouton, praising the collaborative cleanup effort. “I stand here today and tell you in assurance that safety to the public is priority number one.”

The all-important channel is described by the American Society of Civil Engineers as a manmade port for ocean-going vessels, stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to Houston and Harris County, Texas.

U.S. Coast Guard Captain Kevin Oditt said tests are being done to monitor the conditions of the channel. A tank ship successfully went through the area on Sunday.

“The goal was to assess the impact to the on-scene recovery operations as well as ensure that there was no visible oil on the hull. Both were successful,” Oditt said.

A tank ship and tank barge were to be sent through the area on Monday, he said. The Coast Guard has opened the San Jacinto River, he said.

Health risks

The massive fire that burned at ITC for four days last week sent thick black smoke over the Houston suburbs. Then, a containment wall broke Friday, sparking another fire and sending chemical waste into waterways that lead to the ship channel.

Residents of two Texas cities were told to shelter in place as hazardous chemical vapors escaped the foam blanket put in place to extinguish the industrial fire.

“We were held hostage in our own homes,” longtime Deer Park resident Steve Michels said. “It’s just been horrendous.”

Brian Williams lives 10 miles from the ITC facility that first caught fire a week ago. “I have a garden in my backyard. I’m about to take it up,” he says. “I’m not going to eat anything out of it anymore.”

Last Tuesday, smoke blew over the roof of Williams’ home. He started feeling ill by Wednesday and he vomited on Friday. He says he’s confident the symptoms he felt “didn’t have anything to do with the pollen in the air.”

So far, a company spokeswoman said, around 1,600 legal claim inquiries have been made as of Friday.

The fire at the Intercontinental Terminals Company in Deer Park burned for days.
PHOTO: Elizabeth Conley/AP
The fire at the Intercontinental Terminals Company in Deer Park burned for days.

Tests performed by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality over the weekend found nine specific chemicals that “exceed their health-protective concentration level,” in water from a ditch at the ITC facility that flows into the channel. But TCEQ says there’s no threat to the public drinking water.

The agency also tested the air quality in the area over the weekend, finding low levels of benzene, one of the potentially cancer-causing chemicals they also found in the ditch water. The levels detected weren’t high enough to cause health concerns, TCEQ says.

Williams doesn’t trust such assurances.

“They say we can’t smoke cigarettes, it’s bad for your lungs, it’s bad for your health,” he says. “So when you put heat on any type of chemicals it’s not good for you, we know it’s not.”

“A lot of us can’t afford to go to the doctor,” Williams explains. “So we have to live with this.”

Acute exposure to benzene can cause headaches, dizziness or loss of consciousness, the World Health Organization says. Chronic exposure can lead to cancer.

Michels, who’s lived in the area for more than 20 years, felt his eyes burning and had shortness of breath this week. He went to a local clinic for help. He wanted his blood tested specifically for benzene, but his insurance wouldn’t cover it. He says he was told it would cost him approximately $350 out of pocket.

’It is always hard to tell’

Complaints of itchy skin, stuffy and bloody noses, and tightness in the chest have been brought to Dr. Umair Shah’s attention in the days since the fire began.

Shah says the Harris County Community Building has become “something akin to a health fair.” Shah, the executive director of Harris County Public Health, has set up a mobile health clinic there.

“People come to us and they say, ‘This is related to something in the exposure.’ We are certainly keeping that in mind, but doctors are making that evaluation,” he explains. “The question about whether those symptoms were related to the fire, it is always hard to tell.”

“Conditions are changing, daily. People are very stressed, and (stress) can exacerbate their symptoms” says Elena Craft, senior director of the Climate and Health Program at the Environmental Defense Fund.

Her nonprofit has been working side by side with federal and local agencies taking both air and water samples.

Her biggest concern is the material inside the tanks that has yet to be disposed of. ITC continues to pump chemical waste from the charred tanks and contaminated waterways. The company announced Sunday that significantly less remains in the tanks and in the contaminated drainage ditches.

Meanwhile, as the smoke dissipates, concerns mount for those who call this part of Texas home.

“This kind of incident should’ve never happened,” Craft lamented.

CNN’s Joe Sterling, Ed Lavandera and Jason Morris contributed to this report.