SYRIA - AUGUST 14, 2018: A serviceman at a UN lookout post in a demilitarized zone in the Golan Heights on the Syrian-Israeli border. Andrei Gryaznov/TASS (Photo by Andrei Gryaznov\TASS via Getty Images)
Why Golan Heights is so important
01:14 - Source: CNN
Beirut CNN  — 

When Mike Pompeo landed in Beirut from Tel Aviv on Friday morning, barely a handful of demonstrators took to the streets to protest the US Secretary of State’s visit.

The night before, US President Donald Trump declared US recognition of Israel’s sovereignty over the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, captured from Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War, and later annexed.

Pompeo praised the announcement as “historic” and “bold,” agreeing in an interview with the Christian Broadcast Network that the US President might have been sent by God to protect Israel.

Yet, in Beirut – which classifies Israel as an “enemy state” and was invaded by its southern neighbour in 1982 – the reaction has been largely muted. On Friday, the top US diplomat met with Lebanon’s highest officials to discuss security in the region, including the role of Hezbollah, which the US considers a terrorist organization.

Some critical editorials were published in Arab newspapers on Friday morning. One Lebanese newspaper dubbed Pompeo the “ugly guest.” But besides these blips of opposition, Beirut and other Arab capitals appear unfazed by an announcement that seemingly marks a seismic shift in regional politics.

A continuation of the status quo

Hours before Pompeo’s arrival, dozens of leftist protesters outside the US Embassy in Beirut denounced the trip, citing the Trump administration’s string of pro-Israel moves, including his recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

Scenes such as this led pundits and political leaders to predict that Trump’s Golan Heights announcement would increase tensions in an already volatile region.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the decision has brought the region “to the brink of a new crisis.” Dmitry Peskov, spokesman for Russia’s Kremlin, said the announcement could “significantly destabilize an already tense situation in the Middle East.”

But if Pompeo’s Beirut visit serves as a litmus test of the Arab world’s sentiments, then the Golan Heights decision does not seem to have exacerbated existing opposition to the US. Diplomacy has gone on as usual and there was little sign of anti-American protests after Trump’s announcement.

“Ordinary people across the Arab world have lost hope that the United States will take the Israel-Palestine peace process seriously,” said Lina Khatib, the head of the Middle East and North Africa programme at Chatham House, a UK-based think tank for international affairs.

“(They) have come to expect the worst, seeing the Trump administration as (Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin) Netanyahu’s bed fellow.”

While popular support for Palestinians and Syrians in areas occupied by Israel continues, said Khatib, deepening economic and domestic political problems have become a bigger priority.

“Trump officials are being embraced all over the region in spite announcements like moving the American embassy to Jerusalem or saying the Golan [Heights] is Israeli territory. This puts Arab leaders in stark opposition to the critical sentiments of their populations towards the United States’ Middle East policies,” said Khatib.

So far, a handful of Arab states have denounced the move. US allies in the Gulf such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates outsourced their condemnation to the regional union, the Gulf Cooperation Council, which said the move showed “the blind bias of the United States.”

“There is a prevailing sense of apathy across the region, however, as more people prioritize domestic problems over regional issues,” she added.

In Syria, the Trump announcement dims the country’s prospects of restoring Israeli-occupied parts of the Golan Heights, after years of failed negotiations over the territory. Yet outward signs of outrage in the war-torn country are few and far between.

Most Syrians, said Syrian columnist Haid Haid, are “focusing on surviving.” In the northwest, Syrians struggle to take cover from incessant regime shelling.

In the northeast, people are trying to rebuild homes destroyed by ISIS and the anti-ISIS international coalition. Elsewhere, Syrians are trying to pick up the pieces, grappling with increasing poverty and the snail-paced reconstruction process, as well as trying to avoid military conscription.

“All of them are still trying to figure out what the future holds for them,” said Haid.

But the Golan Heights remains an important issue that transcends the country’s deep political divide. “The unity of Syria and getting back Golan might be the only two domestic issues that all Syrians, or at least the vast majority, might still agree on,” said Haid.

Trump’s decision, said analyst Khatib, could potentially play into th