US President Donald Trump (R) and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo leave after a press conference following the second US-North Korea summit in Hanoi on February 28, 2019. - The nuclear summit between US President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un in Hanoi ended without an agreement on February 28, the White House said after the two leaders cut short their discussions. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP)        (Photo credit should read SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)
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US President Donald Trump (R) and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo leave after a press conference following the second US-North Korea summit in Hanoi on February 28, 2019. - The nuclear summit between US President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un in Hanoi ended without an agreement on February 28, the White House said after the two leaders cut short their discussions. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo credit should read SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images)
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Editor’s Note: CNN correspondent Will Ripley has been covering the second Trump-Kim summit in Hanoi, Vietnam. He has visited North Korea 19 times since August 2014.

(CNN) —  

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un exuded confidence when he arrived in Vietnam on his heavily armored luxury train Wednesday, ahead of his summit with US President Donald Trump.

But as he departed Saturday, waving to crowds before boarding that train empty handed, the cracks in that confidence had been exposed.

“(Kim) did not have a backup plan,” a source familiar with the denuclearization talks tells CNN. “He came to Hanoi very confident and fully expecting a declaration to be signed.”

Two officials familiar with the talks agreed to speak with CNN anonymously, because they are not authorized to talk to the press. They describe a North Korean delegation that came into the summit fully expecting they would leave with a deal.

Fresh start

Denuclearization talks essentially ground to a halt within weeks of the June 12 Singapore summit. This time would be different, the North Koreans thought, because they were dealing directly with President Donald Trump.

In what was perhaps a sign of his self-assurance, Kim took his first ever question from a foreign journalist – a Washington Post reporter traveling with the White House press pool.

“From what I feel right now, I do have a feeling that good results will come out,” Kim said on Thursday morning.

03:06 - Source: CNN
See Kim Jong Un's unprecedented move at second summit

On Thursday afternoon, the summit came to an abrupt and humiliating end for the North Koreans. Not only did President Trump walk out of the talks, he also snubbed the final meal he and Kim were supposed to share together.

The table was set and menu prepared for what should’ve been a friendly working lunch ahead of the scheduled joint signing ceremony. Instead, the snow fish and banoffee pie turned cold and the table sat empty – a symbol of the wasted opportunity in Hanoi.

“There was a huge need from the DPRK side to leave Hanoi with a signed agreement, especially with all the positive propaganda ahead of – and during – the summit period, which was unprecedented for the DPRK ” one source said.

“They were casting this summit as a big success before it even happened.”

01:24 - Source: CNN
Haass on why N. Korea summit failed

Playing hardball

The North Koreans had been playing hardball themselves ahead of the summit, even threatening to cancel talks if the US was unwilling to budge on lifting sanctions. But in exchange, they were prepared to offer what, in their view, was a significant concession.

“They were willing to give everything, including all the facilities at Yongbyon (North Korea’s known nuclear reactor). Not just one physical reactor, but the whole complex,” one source said.

“They were also willing to present their willingness to fully dismantle in the form of an official document. They were getting down to business pretty seriously. And then Mr. Trump, and the American side, turned down the proposal and left.”

The stunning collapse of talks created a crisis for Kim and his team of seasoned negotiators, who were left bewildered.

Conflicting narratives

President Trump claimed the North Koreans demanded all sanctions to be lifted, during his post-summit press conference – held two hours early Thursday in Hanoi. The North Koreans then took the extraordinary step of calling their own press conference in Hanoi late that evening, to insist they only asked for partial easing of sanctions.

“Holding an after-midnight press conference to react [to President Trump) and counterattack shows the level of desperation and the level dissatisfaction from the DPRK side,” a source said.

Kim Jong Un did not choose his lead negotiator Kim Yong Chol to give the press conference, instead he turned to Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho and Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui – both seasoned diplomats – perhaps a sign of his dissatisfaction with his ex-spymaster and his team’s lack of results.

And while North Korean state media coverage of the summit the next morning put a positive spin on the situation, the sullen mood of the North Korean leader was far more accurately conveyed during that late-night press conference, sources claimed.

Vice Foreign Minister Choe, who even stayed behind to answer questions, told reporters that Chairman Kim “may have lost the will to negotiate” and that Trump and the U.S. were “missing an opportunity that comes once in a thousand years” and claimed “our Chairman had a difficult time understanding the U.S. system of measuring.”

“Kim Jong Un instructed Choe Son Hui to say those things,” the source said, adding those statements could never be made without direct instruction from Kim.

“For this (diplomacy) to resume, it’s crucial for (South Korean President) Moon Jae-in to step back in and play the role of chief intermediary.”

Kim traveled to the summit hoping to advance North Korea’s economic goals and move closer to normalized relations with the US. It was a diplomatic gamble for both leaders that fell apart in spectacular fashion.

This major setback leaves the future of US-North Korean diplomacy uncertain for now, sources said.