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02:39 - Source: CNN
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Laissez les bons temps rouler! More than a million people from all over the country and around the world world attend Mardi Gras events in New Orleans each year. Though this is a time of celebration, there are potential health care concerns in the days leading up to Fat Tuesday, the day before Ash Wednesday, when Lent begins for Christian observers.

Dr. Jennifer Avegno, director of the New Orleans Health Department and an emergency medicine physician at University Medical Center, and Dr. Emily Nichols, director of New Orleans Emergency Medical Services and an emergency medicine physician at Ochsner Medical Center, want participants to get the most out of the celebration while keeping some things in mind when it comes to safety and health.

Play it safe

Know your surroundings, plan out your transportation, and stay with other people. Though the city’s neighborhoods are historic and picturesque, it’s easy to get lost. “Wandering alone makes you easy prey for assault and/or theft, particularly if you’ve been indulging in alcohol,” Avegno wrote in an email.

Also, roads in New Orleans are sometimes uneven; add in alcohol and rainy weather, and you have potential injury, like a sprained ankle. According to Lt. Jonathan C. Fourcade of New Orleans Emergency Medical Services, there were 809 parade-related calls for services in 2018; There were 93 parade-related calls last weekend, but more are expected this weekend as Fat Tuesday approaches.

Everything in moderation

Avegno proudly notes that “our food and drinks are second to none, and we want everyone to enjoy them. That does not mean constant eating of rich or spicy food is a good idea.”

A combination of excessive drinking and hours without water can result in dehydration. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends that women and men take in 2.7 and 3.7 liters of water, respectively, daily. Or try toting foods that have high water content and are easy to carry during parades, such as strawberries, watermelon and celery, the US Department of Agriculture says.

Binge drinking – defined by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism as four drinks within two hours for women and five for men – can be dangerous in the short and long term. It can result in a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 grams per deciliter, exceeding the threshold for driving under the influence. New Orleans laws allow drinking alcohol during parades, as long as it is in a plastic cup.

Keep calm and dodge some beads

“Watch out for flying objects!” Nichols said in an email. Facial injuries like broken noses, fractured teeth and eye injuries can occur from the impact of a pack of beads or other trinkets that are traditionally thrown from parade floats.

Keep in mind that most parade-related calls to emergency medical services occur on Fat Tuesday, with its bigger parades. Nichols’ tip for the more cautious is “to be mindful that these are projectiles aimed at people, so if you are nervous about getting hit, position yourself far from the action and watch it unfold.”

The weather can be unpredictable

Locals know that New Orleans weather is not always consistent: humidity, heat, rain, maybe all three simultaneously. To conquer anything the weather throws your way, bring clothing that will prepare you for anything.

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Don’t forget sunscreen and a hat; the sun’s rays can affect you even through clouds. Ultraviolet rays have the potential to damage skin in a mere 15 minutes and result in a painful sunburn. Over time, these rays contribute to premature aging and cancer. The symptoms of sunburn appear about four hours after exposure.

Additionally, the presence of humidity increases your risk of developing heat-related illness, such as heatstroke, because it interferes with your ability to sweat and properly cool off. This can cause the body’s temperature to rise faster than it cools.

There is help if you need it

New Orleans Emergency Medical Services at Mardi Gras 2018.

If you do run into health problems while in the Big Easy, the American Red Cross has partnered with the New Orleans Emergency Medical Services, the local health department and the local Medical Reserve Corps to offer first aid services along parade routes until Fat Tuesday.

“In terms of health care services, doctor’s offices and walk-in clinics are generally open most days except for Fat Tuesday,” Avegno notes. “Hospitals operate 24/7 as usual, but getting to them from a parade route is sometimes more challenging, as roads may be closed.”

Correction: A previous version of this story incorrectly attributed some quotes.