TOPSHOT - A photo taken on March 18, 2018, shows a Yemeni child looking out at buildings that were damaged in an air strike in the southern Yemeni city of Taez. / AFP PHOTO / Ahmad AL-BASHA        (Photo credit should read AHMAD AL-BASHA/AFP/Getty Images)
How Yemen became the 'world's worst humanitarian crisis'
02:46 - Source: CNN

Editor’s Note: Mark Lowcock is the United Nations undersecretary-general for humanitarian affairs and emergency relief coordinator. He last visited Yemen in late November. The opinions in this article belong to the author.

CNN  — 

I met an extraordinary little boy named Fawaz in November in a hospital in Aden, Yemen. At 18 months old, Fawaz weighed a little more than 4 kg (9 lbs). Severely malnourished, Fawaz had been in the hospital for more than a month, barely able to hold the therapeutic milk he was being given. Yet, he persevered, determined to live.

Fawaz’s mother, Rokaya, was at his bedside day and night, as if in a silent pact with her son to ensure that he prevailed.

Unlike most severely malnourished children, Fawaz did not respond well to the two types of therapeutic milk normally used to treat such children. After weeks of unsuccessful treatment and several blood transfusions, doctors switched to hypoallergenic milk, which is more expensive and had to be paid for by Fawaz’s family.

Without this milk, Fawaz would not have recuperated. But his recovery came at a tremendous cost for his family. Each milk tin costs about $30. For families who survive on a few dollars a day, this has devastating consequences. Medicine for one child means less food for the rest of the family; one less meal a day means a heightened risk of malnutrition for the other children in the household.

This story does have a happy ending. Fawaz won. He left the hospital on December 20 and has continued to recover.

But millions more Yemenis are facing similarly dire conditions. Some 85,000 children in Yemen may have lost their fight against starvation since 2015, Save the Children estimates.

An American-made MRAP in the hands of the Giants Brigade militia in Yemen.
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Out of 20 million people who need help securing food, nearly 10 million are just a step away from famine. Our assessment found that this includes almost 240,000 people who are facing catastrophic levels of hunger and barely surviving.

Only half the health facilities in the country are fully functioning, the 2018 Health Resources Availability Mapping Survey found. Hundreds of thousands of people got sick last year because of poor sanitation and waterborne diseases. Needs have intensified across all sectors. Millions of Yemenis are hungrier, sicker and more vulnerable today than they were a year ago.

The United Nations and humanitarian partners are doing our best to provide children such as Fawaz with a fighting chance.

Throughout 2018, despite one of the most dangerous and complex operational environments, some 254 international and national partners actively coordinated with the UN to provide even more people in Yemen with life-saving support. Together, we assist about 8 million people every month across the country – the largest aid operation in the world. In December alone, we reached a record number of more than 10 million people with food assistance.

But much more needs to be done. We know we can save millions more lives this year. But we are running out of time.

That’s why the United Nations on Tuesday convened a high-level pledging conference in Geneva, co-hosted by the governments of Sweden and Switzerland. Nearly $4.2 billion is needed this year for the humanitarian response in Yemen, representing a 33% increase since last year to provide not only food but treatment for malnourished children such as Fawaz, health care, clean water and so much more.

The amount of money needed may sound large, but it will help reach 21.4 million Yemenis – about 70% of the population – by rolling back cholera, protecting children against deadly diseases, tackling malnutrition and improving living conditions for the most vulnerable people.

Donors have already shown their commitment. At Tuesday’s conference, they pledged $2.6 billion for humanitarian action in Yemen – an extremely generous amount and about 30% more than last year. We thank them for this support. Our collective action in Geneva will save more lives and bolster the political process towards a peaceful solution.

We still have a long way to go to meet our funding requirements. We need to raise the full $4.2 billion this year if we are to deliver all the life-saving and protection program that millions of Yemenis so urgently need.

It is in all of our interests to prevent the humanitarian tragedy unfolding in Yemen from deteriorating further.

We owe it to Yemen’s children and their families.