Pope Francis (C) leads mass for an estimated 170,000 Catholics at an Abu Dhabi sports stadium on February 5, 2019. (Photo by Vincenzo PINTO / AFP)        (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)
PHOTO: VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
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(CNN) —  

Pope Francis became the first pontiff to celebrate Mass in the Arabian Peninsula, the birthplace of Islam, on Tuesday, delivering an address to tens of thousands of people in Abu Dhabi at the end of a historic visit to the United Arab Emirates.

The ceremony took place inside and around Zayed Sports City stadium, where a large crucifix – a rare sight in an Arab Gulf state – loomed above the makeshift steeple.

In his homily, the Pope praised the crowd as “a choir composed of numerous nations, languages and rites.” Perhaps in a nod to the UAE’s predominantly immigrant population, he said: “It is most certainly not easy for you to live far from home, missing the affection of your loved ones, and perhaps also feeling uncertainty about the future. But the Lord is faithful and does not abandon his people.”

“The Lord specializes in doing new things; he can even open paths in the desert,” he added.

Pope Francis leads mass for over 100,000 Catholics at an Abu Dhabi sports stadium.
PHOTO: VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
Pope Francis leads mass for over 100,000 Catholics at an Abu Dhabi sports stadium.

The ceremony capped off a trip to the UAE that saw the Pope condemn the war in Yemen, in which his hosts have played a pivotal role, and call for religious freedom across the region.

Images from the Pope’s tour of the pontiff flanked by Arab sheikhs in traditional robes were considered a striking display of Muslim-Christian kinship. But rights groups dismissed the Pope’s description of the UAE as “a land that seeks to be a model of coexistence,” pointing to the country’s crackdown on dissidents in recent years.

Prayers at Tuesday’s Mass were conducted in six languages – including French, Tagalog, Urdu and Konkani – for attendees from multiple Christian denominations, as well as some Muslims. Around 45,000 people crammed into the stadium while the rest of the attendees sat outside, with crowds sprawling outside the venue.

The silence that hung over the crowd was punctuated only by prayers. “It’s overwhelming and very spiritual and it feels great to be together with everyone praying,” Palestinian Renad Jabaji who works in a technology company, told CNN.

Nationals of the UAE are overwhelmingly Muslim, but some 90% of the population are expatriates, including around 1.2 million Christians.

“We’re not in a church and yet somehow we can still all be together,” said Fareed Morcos, 33, from outside the stadium. “We’re in a Muslim country. This is an amazing experience. Very emotional. Very spiritual. Hopefully we can continue doing it.”

Pope Francis greets crowds as he arrives Tuesday.
PHOTO: GIUSEPPE CACACE/AFP/Getty Images
Pope Francis greets crowds as he arrives Tuesday.

Francis blesses a child as he arrives at Tuesday
PHOTO: KARIM SAHIB/AFP/Getty Images
Francis blesses a child as he arrives at Tuesday's Mass.

Anticipation for the papal Mass, the Pope’s largest single event during his visit to the region, had built steadily in recent days. On Tuesday morning, crowds gathered to catch a glimpse of the pontiff as he made his way to the stadium in his specially designed “Popemobile.”

“It’s historic. Christianity has been around in the region for a very long time,” Peter Hellyer, UAE historian and writer, told CNN. “To have a Catholic Pope for the first time in Arabia is of course historic. It’s historic for the Catholic community, I think it’s historic for the Catholic church, and it’s historic for the people of the peninsula and for the people of the UAE.”

Historic visit

Pope Francis kicked off his visit to the United Arab Emirates on Monday, arriving at Abu Dhabi’s lavish presidential palace in his trademark understated Kia Soul hatchback.

The small black car – a notable choice in a kingdom known for its gold-plated lifestyle – was flanked by cavalry as it wound its way toward the palace. He was greeted with an artillery salute and aircraft trailing yellow and white smoke through the sky in honor of the Vatican flag.

The Pope’s meeting with palace officials comes at a delicate political time for the UAE, which is involved in a coalition with Saudi Arabia in a war in Yemen. On Monday, during an inter-faith meeting, the Pope called on the world’s religious leaders to reject war, mentioning the conflicts in Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Libya.

“Let us commit ourselves against the logic of armed power,” Francis said. He also warned against the “raising of walls,” in what could be seen as a reference to US President Donald Trump’s pledged border wall with Mexico.

In a wide-ranging speech, the Pope also mentioned the sexual abuse scandal which has embroiled the Catholic Church for decades, praising a November meeting held in Abu Dhabi on child dignity in the digital world.

In a handwritten message in the palace’s Book of Honor, the Pope thanked his hosts for their “warm welcome” and invoked “divine blessings of peace” on the people of the UAE.

The Crown Prince, in turn, gifted the Pope the act of notary dating back to June 22, 1963, for a donation of land to build the first church in the UAE.

While it is unknown whether Francis discussed the Yemen war with the Crown Prince during their private meeting, the Pope did issue a public plea for peace in Yemen from the Vatican on Sunday, just an hour before his departure for Abu Dhabi.

In off-the-cuff remarks not included in his prepared speech, the Pope said: “Let us pray loudly because there are children that are hungry, are thirsty, don’t have medicine and their lives are in danger.”

In response, the UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Anwar Gargash, said in a tweet that he “welcomed” the pontiff’s prayers, calling on 2019 to be “the year of peace” in Yemen.

CNN’s Delia Gallagher reported from Abu Dhabi. Tamara Qiblawi wrote from Beirut. Sheena McKenzie, John Defterios, Becky Anderson and Nada Altaher contributed to this report.