Mick Mulvaney, director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), listens during a Senate Budget Committee hearing in Washington, D.C., U.S., on Tuesday, Feb. 13, 2018. Mulvaney discussed the $4.4 trillion federal budget plan that would slash entitlements and other domestic programs in favor of higher spending on the military and immigration enforcement. Photographer: Zach Gibson/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Bloomberg/Bloomberg/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Mick Mulvaney, director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), listens during a Senate Budget Committee hearing in Washington, D.C., U.S., on Tuesday, Feb. 13, 2018. Mulvaney discussed the $4.4 trillion federal budget plan that would slash entitlements and other domestic programs in favor of higher spending on the military and immigration enforcement. Photographer: Zach Gibson/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Now playing
01:50
Mulvaney: Trump willing to shut down government again
CNN/Getty Images
Now playing
02:50
Carl Bernstein: Trump is our own American war criminal
CNN
Now playing
02:19
Tapper presses Republican on GOP resistance to January 6 probe
Now playing
01:35
Republican governor balks at Covid-19 mandates as state's cases soar
Dr. Fauci NIH research China Tapper sotu vpx _00023404.png
CNN
Dr. Fauci NIH research China Tapper sotu vpx _00023404.png
Now playing
03:13
Dr. Fauci weighs in on if US should collaborate with Wuhan labs in future
Pool
Now playing
02:06
WaPo: This is what Trump's PAC is spending its money on
CNN
Now playing
02:04
AZ lawmaker says audit 'not about Trump.' Her emails show otherwise
Getty Images
Now playing
01:55
'Almost giddy': Author describes Trump during Capitol riot
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, center, speaks during a news conference at West Miami Middle School in Miami on Tuesday, May 4, 2021.
Matias J. Ocner/Miami Herald/AP
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, center, speaks during a news conference at West Miami Middle School in Miami on Tuesday, May 4, 2021.
Now playing
02:20
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis blames this for surge in cases
CNN
Now playing
03:31
'I got elected to shake things up': Lightfoot on time as mayor
US Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, Democrat of California, speaks at her weekly press briefing on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, on July 22, 2021. (Photo by Brendan SMIALOWSKI / AFP) (Photo by BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP via Getty Images)
BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/AFP via Getty Images
US Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, Democrat of California, speaks at her weekly press briefing on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, on July 22, 2021. (Photo by Brendan SMIALOWSKI / AFP) (Photo by BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
01:21
Pelosi explains why she rejected GOP lawmakers from January 6 committee
WASHINGTON, DC - JULY 20: U.S. President Donald Trump talks to reporters with Vice President Mike Pence in the Oval Office at the White House July 20, 2020 in Washington, DC. Trump hosted Republican Congressional leaders and members of his cabinet to talk about a proposed new round of financial stimulus to help the economy during the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic.  (Photo by Doug Mills-Pool/Getty Images)
Pool/Getty Images North America/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - JULY 20: U.S. President Donald Trump talks to reporters with Vice President Mike Pence in the Oval Office at the White House July 20, 2020 in Washington, DC. Trump hosted Republican Congressional leaders and members of his cabinet to talk about a proposed new round of financial stimulus to help the economy during the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic. (Photo by Doug Mills-Pool/Getty Images)
Now playing
06:43
Trump shares disappointment with Pence in new audio recording
Now playing
01:26
Pelosi just made an unprecedented move. Here's why
Biden town hall vpx
CNN
Biden town hall vpx
Now playing
01:45
Biden reveals what world leaders are asking him about America
Justice Department
Now playing
01:37
Ex-Army Ranger weaponized military training during Capitol riot, judge says
This Morning
Now playing
03:23
See what Ted Cruz is doing to frustrate Republicans and Democrats
CNN —  

Following President Donald Trump’s announcement Friday to reopen the government came the news that efforts to reach a legislative solution to funding border security, immigration issues and Trump’s campaign promise of a wall would go to a special committee of senators and representatives to try and hash out a deal.

This bipartisan conference committee has until February 15 to find such a proposal that could clear both chambers of Congress and get Trump’s signature. Shortly after each chamber passed the bill to re-open the government, the Senate and House also named which lawmakers would negotiate on behalf of the Republicans and the Democrats.

As the fight largely surrounds funding for Trump’s campaign promise of a border wall, the negotiators for both House and Senate come from the Appropriations committees, the panels in each chamber that determine how the federal government spends money.

While it appears obvious on its face that the members of the conference committee would all come from an appropriations panel – the measure the group will be negotiating, or attempting to conference, is a product of those two committees – it also creates an interesting dynamic on an issue that for years has flummoxed, vexed and outright defeated every legislative effort to find a compromise: immigration.

Appropriators are, by nature, deal makers and rarely come from the hardline elements of either side of the party. The Senate Appropriations Committee actually came to a bipartisan agreement on a Homeland Security bill last year – one that included $1.6 billion in border security that included funds for fencing and barrier repairs.

Does that make a final deal more likely? Not necessarily, aides in both parties say. They are all skeptical that given the red lines for both sides, particularly on the issue of the border wall, a final agreement is a long way off. Plus, the party leaders in both chambers will ultimately have a say over the final deal, and even Trump, in an interview with the Wall Street Journal Sunday, put the odds of success for the conference committee at “less than 50-50.” Still, the group marks the best chance for any kind of border security agreement in the near term.

This conference committee will meet for the first time Wednesday. See below for the 17 lawmakers who are now on the front line of Congress’ latest attempts to find a broader deal.

SENATE:

Sen. Richard Shelby of Alabama speaks with reporters on Capitol Hill in Washington, in December 2017.
AARON P. BERNSTEIN/REUTERS/Newscom
Sen. Richard Shelby of Alabama speaks with reporters on Capitol Hill in Washington, in December 2017.

Four Republicans:

  • Sen. Richard Shelby of Alabama, the Senate Appropriations chairman
  • Sen. Shelley Moore Capito of West Virginia, the chairwoman of the Senate Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee
  • Sen. John Hoeven of North Dakota, a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee
  • Sen. Roy Blunt of Missouri, a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee
Sen. Patrick Leahy of Vermont, speaks during a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing in April, 2013 in Washington, DC. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
Mark Wilson/Getty Images
Sen. Patrick Leahy of Vermont, speaks during a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing in April, 2013 in Washington, DC. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

Three Democrats

  • Sen. Patrick Leahy of Vermont, the top Democrat on the Senate Appropriations Committee
  • Sen. Dick Durbin of Illinois, who is the second ranking Democrat in the chamber and a member of the Appropriations Committee
  • Sen. Jon Tester of Montana, the top Democrat on the Senate Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee

HOUSE:

Rep. Nita Lowey of New York, leaves the House Democrats' caucus meeting in the Capitol earlier this month. (Photo By Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call)
Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call/AP
Rep. Nita Lowey of New York, leaves the House Democrats' caucus meeting in the Capitol earlier this month. (Photo By Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call)

Six Democrats

  • Rep. Nita Lowey of New York, chairwoman of the House Appropriations Committee
  • Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard of California, chairwoman of the House Appropriations Homeland Security Subcommittee
  • Rep. David Price of North Carolina, a member of the House Appropriations Homeland Security Subcommittee
  • Rep. Barbara Lee of California, Appropriations Committee member
  • Rep. Henry Cuellar of Texas, Appropriations Committee member
  • Rep. Pete Aguilar of California, Appropriations Committee member
Rep. Kay Granger of Texas speaks at Lockheed Martin in Fort Worth, Texas, in September 2015.
LAURA BUCKMAN/AFP/Getty Images
Rep. Kay Granger of Texas speaks at Lockheed Martin in Fort Worth, Texas, in September 2015.

Four Republicans

  • Rep. Kay Granger of Texas, the top Republican on the House Appropriations Committee
  • Rep. Chuck Fleischmann of Tennessee, the top Republican on the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Homeland Security
  • Rep. Tom Graves of Georgia, Appropriations Committee member
  • Rep. Steven Palazzo of Mississippi, Appropriations Committee member

CNN’s Manu Raju contributed to this report.