Correction: An earlier version of this report incorrectly described part of HNA's business.
The Chinese investment boom into America has almost completely vanished.
Foreign direct investment from China into the United States plummeted by 83% in 2018, according to a report released Monday by law firm Baker McKenzie.
Including those sales, net Chinese foreign direct investment into North America turned negative in 2018 to the tune of $5.5 billion, according to Baker McKenzie. Another $12 billion of Chinese assets around the world are expected to be sold this year, the report said.
The evaporation of Chinese money in the United States reflects self-imposed restrictions by Beijing on investments outside the country. The trend was exacerbated, though, because Washington has been tightening foreign investment reviews. The US-China trade war is also a contributor.
“The Chinese put handcuffs on themselves on investing abroad,” said Scott Kennedy, director of the Project on Chinese Business and Political Economy at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. “With the arrival of the Trump administration, the United States put a not-for-sale sign on the door.”
After spending heavily on American real estate, transportation and infrastructure, Chinese investment in these sectors has “largely disappeared,” the Baker McKenzie report found.
China has retreated from other major markets — foreign direct investment into as a whole Europe tumbled by 70% in 2018, for example. But the United States has experienced the sharpest decline.
Some large economies, including France, Germany, Spain and Sweden, experienced an increase of investment from China, Baker McKenzie said.
Canada also bucked the trend, with Chinese investment spiking by 80% to $2.7 billion last year. Including divestitures, Canada actually enjoyed more Chinese investment than the United States in 2018, Baker McKenzie said.
But foreign direct investment slowed to $29 billion in 2017, when China imposed restrictions on outbound investments in a bid to stem capital outflows. Investment in the United States then shrank to just $4.8 billion last year amid Washington’s crackdown on China — a “huge drop,” Kennedy said.
In the meantime, US officials are scrutinizing Chinese investment with more intensity.
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States has rejected several high-profile transactions, including Broadcom’s (AVGO) $117 billion bid for Qualcomm (QCOM). Last year, President Donald Trump signed legislation expanding the power of CFIUS to block foreign deals for national security purposes.
At the same time, some of China’s most voracious buyers of American assets have come under pressure from Beijing.
For example, early last year Beijing seized control of Anbang, the insurance giant that in 2014 completed a $1.95 billion purchase of the iconic Waldorf Astoria. The Chinese government later pumped nearly $10 billion into Anbang.
Likewise, HNA, a conglomerate that grew out of an airline, has gone on an epic buying spree in recent years. The Chinese company purchased chunks of everything from Deutsche Bank (DB) to Hilton. But HNA has since moved to unload businesses in response to Beijing’s crackdown on foreign purchases and concerns about the company’s massive debt.
“HNA had its wings massively clipped,” said Kennedy.