US moves to push back on Russian expansionism and Ukraine meddling with three moves: -- Ukraine flyover, Japan Sea sail-by, and possible Black Sea warship transit. Will this push back Putin?
US Navy
US moves to push back on Russian expansionism and Ukraine meddling with three moves: -- Ukraine flyover, Japan Sea sail-by, and possible Black Sea warship transit. Will this push back Putin?
Now playing
02:38
US forces respond to Russia's military moves
View of the construction site of the Taishan Nuclear Power Plant in Taishan city, south China's Guangdong province, 12 September 2012.
Zhou huadong/Imaginechina/AP
View of the construction site of the Taishan Nuclear Power Plant in Taishan city, south China's Guangdong province, 12 September 2012.
Now playing
03:30
Concerns over possible leak at nuclear plant in southern China
screengrab japan lonely death
CNN
screengrab japan lonely death
Now playing
04:04
Inside Japan's growing 'lonely death' clean-up service
Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attends a special session to vote on a new government at the Knesset in Jerusalem, on June 13, 2021. - A delicate eight-party alliance united by animosity for Netanyahu is poised to take over with right-wing Naftali Bennett as prime minister, if the coalition deal passes today's slated parliamentary vote. (Photo by Emmanuel DUNAND / AFP) (Photo by EMMANUEL DUNAND/AFP via Getty Images)
Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images
Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attends a special session to vote on a new government at the Knesset in Jerusalem, on June 13, 2021. - A delicate eight-party alliance united by animosity for Netanyahu is poised to take over with right-wing Naftali Bennett as prime minister, if the coalition deal passes today's slated parliamentary vote. (Photo by Emmanuel DUNAND / AFP) (Photo by EMMANUEL DUNAND/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
02:39
Former ally replaces Netanyahu as Israeli prime minister
CCTV via AFP
Now playing
01:54
Video of explosion aftermath in China shows a harrowing picture
Employees prepare the National Stadium for the Copa America soccer tournament in Brasilia, Brazil, Friday, June 11, 2021. The stadium will host the opening game on June 13. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
Eraldo Peres/AP
Employees prepare the National Stadium for the Copa America soccer tournament in Brasilia, Brazil, Friday, June 11, 2021. The stadium will host the opening game on June 13. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
Now playing
02:26
Bolsonaro's boast to host Copa América despite Covid-19 pandemic
CNN
Now playing
01:35
Boris Johnson asked if he agrees that Putin is a 'killer'
TOPSHOT - Britain's Queen Elizabeth II (C) attempts to cut a cake with a sword, lent to her by The Lord-Lieutenant of Cornwall, Edward Bolitho, to celebrate of The Big Lunch initiative at The Eden Project, near St Austell in south west England on June 11, 2021. (Photo by Oli SCARFF / POOL / AFP) (Photo by OLI SCARFF/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
Oli Scarff/AFP/Pool/Getty Images
TOPSHOT - Britain's Queen Elizabeth II (C) attempts to cut a cake with a sword, lent to her by The Lord-Lieutenant of Cornwall, Edward Bolitho, to celebrate of The Big Lunch initiative at The Eden Project, near St Austell in south west England on June 11, 2021. (Photo by Oli SCARFF / POOL / AFP) (Photo by OLI SCARFF/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
00:54
Watch the Queen cut a cake with a sword
Vladimir Putin NBC intv
NBC
Vladimir Putin NBC intv
Now playing
04:22
Hear how Putin compared Donald Trump to Joe Biden
cctv
Now playing
01:02
Never-before-seen Great Wall fort discovered
peskov
CNN
peskov
Now playing
02:34
Kremlin spokesman speaks on state of US-Russia relations
Now playing
04:00
At least 7 Nicaraguan opposition leaders detained ahead of election
US President Joe Biden, Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Italy's Prime minister Mario Draghi, President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Council Charles Michel, Japan's Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel, France's President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson sit around the table at the start of the G7 summit in Carbis Bay, Cornwall on June 11, 2021.
LEON NEAL/AFP/POOL/Getty Images
US President Joe Biden, Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Italy's Prime minister Mario Draghi, President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Council Charles Michel, Japan's Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel, France's President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson sit around the table at the start of the G7 summit in Carbis Bay, Cornwall on June 11, 2021.
Now playing
01:27
What is the G7?
screengrab china elephants
CCTV
screengrab china elephants
Now playing
03:06
Elephant migration may reveal serious problem for China
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson (R) speaks with US President Joe Biden while they walk at Carbis Bay, Cornwall on June 10, 2021, ahead of the three-day G7 summit being held from 11-13 June. - G7 leaders from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the United States meet this weekend for the first time in nearly two years, for the three-day talks in Carbis Bay, Cornwall. - (Photo by TOBY MELVILLE / POOL / AFP) (Photo by TOBY MELVILLE/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
TOBY MELVILLE/AFP/POOL/AFP via Getty Images
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson (R) speaks with US President Joe Biden while they walk at Carbis Bay, Cornwall on June 10, 2021, ahead of the three-day G7 summit being held from 11-13 June. - G7 leaders from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the United States meet this weekend for the first time in nearly two years, for the three-day talks in Carbis Bay, Cornwall. - (Photo by TOBY MELVILLE / POOL / AFP) (Photo by TOBY MELVILLE/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
01:58
See Boris Johnson's reaction to Biden's joke about their wives
Britain's Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and US First Lady Jill Biden visit Connor Downs Academy in Hayle, Cornwall on the sidelines of the G7 summit on June 11, 2021. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / various sources / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images
Britain's Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge and US First Lady Jill Biden visit Connor Downs Academy in Hayle, Cornwall on the sidelines of the G7 summit on June 11, 2021. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / various sources / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Now playing
01:26
See Jill Biden and the Duchess of Cambridge host school roundtable
CNN —  

Russia’s arms industry has become the second-largest in the world, knocking the UK into third place, according to a new report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Russian companies in the SIPRI Top 100, an index of the largest arms-producing and military services companies in the world, made 9.5% of total arms sales in 2017.

The US ranks first, with 57% of total arms sales, and the UK was pushed into third with 9.0%.

The SIPRI Top 100 contains 10 Russian companies that increased arms sales by a collective 8.5% in 2017 to $37.7 billion.

“Russian companies have experienced significant growth in their arms sales since 2011,” Siemon Wezeman, a senior researcher at SIPRI, said in a press release. “This is in line with Russia’s increased spending on arms procurement to modernize its armed forces.”

These companies have no competition in the Russian market and have benefited from increased military spending as President Vladimir Putin modernizes the country’s armed forces, Wezeman told CNN in an email.

The trend for increased spending came to a halt in 2017, however, when Moscow spent 3.9 trillion rubles ($61 billion) on defense, a 17% decline from the previous year and the first annual drop since 1998, according to previous SIPRI data.

That downturn is a sharp reversal from previous years, when Russia ramped up investment as part of an effort to update outdated military systems by 2025.

But Russian arms exports remain high and several newly enlarged companies have made it into the top 100, said Wezeman.

Total arms sales for the Top 100 rose 2.5% compared with 2016, to $398.2 billion – this represents 44% growth since comparable data was first collected in 2002.

These figures exclude Chinese companies, for which data is not available.

Russian arms companies now make up 10 of the SIPRI Top 100.
YURI KOCHETKOV/AFP/Getty Images
Russian arms companies now make up 10 of the SIPRI Top 100.

Other important developments include a 24% increase in arms sales for Turkish companies in 2017.

“This significant increase reflects Turkey’s ambitions to develop its arms industry to fulfil its growing demand for weapons and become less dependent on foreign suppliers,” said Pieter Wezeman, a senior SIPRI researcher, in a press release.

There are 42 US arms companies listed in the Top 100 – they saw collective sales growth of 2.0%, to $226.6 billion.

“US companies directly benefit from the US Department of Defense’s ongoing demand for weapons,” said Aude Fleurant, director of SIPRI’s Arms Transfers and Military Expenditure Programme, in a press release.

Lockheed Martin maintained its position as the world’s largest arms producer, with sales of $44.9 billion in 2017, according to the report.

The US defense budget was on the agenda in the White House in early December, with President Donald Trump rowing back on previous plans to cut military spending.

Trump appeared to call the Defense Department budget of $716 billion “crazy” in a December 3 tweet, before later agreeing to a request from Defense Secretary James Mattis to propose a defense budget of $750 billion for the coming year, an administration official confirmed to CNN.