New Delhi (CNN)Bangladesh President Abdul Hamid has approved a controversial new digital security law that rights groups fear could be used to further erode press freedoms and dissenting voices online.
Bangladesh's new digital law will silence critics, rights groups say
The Digital Security Act, which was given presidential assent Monday, combines the colonial-era Official Secrets Act with new measures empowering police to make arrests without a warrant.
Amnesty International described the new law as imposing "dangerous restrictions on freedom of expression" and pointed to its potential to be used against opposition voices who challenge the government online.
Journalists have drawn attention to several vaguely-defined clauses within the new law that they say threaten free speech. These include Section 25(a), that authorizes sentences of up to three years for publishing information that is "aggressive or frightening," and Section 31, that imposes sentences of up to 10 years for posting information that "ruins communal harmony or creates instability or disorder or disturbs or is about to disturb the law and order situation."
The law, which was originally passed by parliament on September 19, replaces the Information and Communication Technology Act (ICT), which was also heavily criticized by journalists and human rights groups.
"Day by day the situation is worsening, this is the darkest period in the name of Bangladesh's democracy" said Dr Asif Nazrul, professor of law at Dhaka university and columnist for national newspaper Prothom Alo.
The government Information Minister Hasanul Haq Inu has refuted the criticism, arguing that the digital law is necessary to "safeguard the digital space and society."
"It is not a law against mass media or democracy" Haq Inu told CNN.
Bangladesh ranks 146th in the Reporters Without Borders world press freedom index, behind countries such as Myanmar, Cambodia and South Sudan. It has slipped from 118th when the index began in 2002.
The US ambassador to Bangladesh, Marcia Bernicat, said last month in a statement that the "Digital Security Act (DSA) could be used to suppress and criminalize free speech, all to the detriment of Bangladesh's democracy, development and pro