Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull wins vote
CNN  — 

The Australian government is in chaos amid a desperate attempt by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to resist a leadership push from his ruling Liberal Party’s right-wing faction, led by former Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton.

Dutton, a high-profile member of the party’s conservative faction, was narrowly defeated by Turnbull 48 to 35 but with only seven votes between them, it made a second challenge likely.

“It’s only half a dozen people or so who need to change to turn the result around,” John Warhurst, emeritus professor of Australian Politics at the Australian National University, told CNN.

On his official social media account, Dutton said Thursday he had spoken with Turnbull “to advise him I believed the majority of the party room no longer supported his leadership. Accordingly, I asked him to convene a party room meeting at which I would challenge for the leadership of the Parliamentary Liberal Party.”

Turnbull threw all leadership positions in the Liberal Party open early Tuesday, inviting challengers to nominate themselves for party leader.

Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton, a high-profile member of the party’s conservative faction, put his hand up but was defeated by Turnbull 48 to 35.

Julie Bishop remains deputy prime minister after her position was uncontested.

Australia's Minister for Home Affairs Peter Dutton (2nd R) speaks at Parliament as Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull (bottom L) looks at his notes in Canberra on August 20, 2018.

Speaking at a press conference after the ballot on Tuesday in Canberra, Turnbull made a call for unity.

“Australians expect us to be focused on them and talking about their issues. They don’t like us being focused on ourselves,” he said.

Soon after the vote Tuesday, Dutton resigned from the cabinet, stepping down from his dual roles as home affairs and immigration minister, which includes oversight of Australia’s strict border protection policy.

It followed a day of policy chaos in Canberra after Turnbull dramatically backtracked on a key part of his signature climate change policy over concerns from his party’s conservative faction.

During his almost two decade in parliament, Dutton has burnished his conservative credentials, often sparking controversy.

Revolving door of leadership

In the past decade, the Australian government has seen three different leadership changes as the result of internal party challenges. Since 2007, no Australian prime minister has faced two consecutive elections.

In Australia, whichever party wins the most votes at a national election is tasked with forming a government, with the party’s leader assuming the role of prime minister.

The party can change their leader at any time, although until recently it was highly unusual for a sitting prime minister to be removed from power.

An Essential poll released in early August found 64% of Australians thought political parties shouldn’t change their leader outside of elections.

Turnbull previously took the leadership of the Liberal Party from then-Prime Minister Tony Abbott in September 2015, before winning an election in 2016.

Despite enjoying initial popularity, Turnbull’s approval ratings have dropped steadily in the past year compared to the opposition Labor Party.

Conservative uprising

Dutton, a former policeman from Queenland, is politically aligned with the party’s conservative faction and has emerged as their choice to succeed Turnbull.

“I believe very strongly we can win the next election if we get the policies and the message right, (including) lowering electricity prices and doing more on infrastructure,” Dutton said in a press conference after the ballot.

But while the former immigration minister has put his hand up for the leadership, experts said that doubts remain inside the party as to his ability to win the next national election, due within a year.

Polling has repeatedly found Dutton is one of the least popular options to lead the Liberal Party, behind Turnbull, Abbott and Foreign Minister Julie Bishop.

“It comes out of frustration over policy and the absolute determination of up to a dozen or so conservative MPs within the Liberal Party (who) have never been convinced Turnbull ought to be Liberal PM.

“They don’t just accept his credentials,” said Australian politics professor John Warhurst, adding that a renewed leadership challenge could come “within months.”