Those are all adjectives I have used to describe actions Donald Trump has taken, tweets he has sent or statements he made in the 18 months since he was elected President.
That's a lot of superlatives -- and not the good kind. And it raises a question that I think sits at the heart of how to effectively cover Trump: If everything is the biggest, worst, most stunning thing ever, then how can anything actually accurately be described that way?
After all, if someone asks you what your favorite album in history is and you name 15 albums, you devalue each of them. You can't have two bests. (The best album, for what it's worth, is "Revolver" by The Beatles.) Or two worsts. The whole point of superlatives is that there is only one thing that they accurately describe. And if you overuse them, you run the risk of making them mean less or, in the worst-case scenario, mean nothing at all.
Which brings me to Trump.
The truth of the matter -- and this is fact, whether you love him or hate him -- is that politics has never seen anything like him before. Trump ran as an outsider, someone willing to slaughter the sacrificial lambs (of both parties) if he won. He proudly wore the disapproval of the GOP establishment as a sign of how afraid the status quo was of him.
Even by his own retelling, everything Trump does is the "biggest" and "best," compared to his opponents, who he says are things like the "worst (and biggest) loser of all time."
Since coming into office, Trump seems dead-set on making as many waves as possible. He pulled the US out of the Paris climate accord. He has blasted our European allies while refusing to criticize Russia. He has sought to fundamentally remake global trade. He has waged a war on facts, having said more than 3,000 things that weren't true in his first 466 days in office, according to the Washington Post's Fact-Checker blog. He has instituted a travel ban, limiting or forbidding citizens of certain countries from entering the United States.
Take a look at the past two weeks alone:
- Trump meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin in a summit in Finland, spending more than two hours alone with him (except for translators), discussing who knows what.
- Trump tells the crowd at a Veterans of Foreign Wars convention that "what you're seeing and what you're reading is not what's happening."
- A secretly-recorded conversation between Trump and his longtime fixer, Michael Cohen, is revealed. In the tape, the two men discuss the possibility of buying the rights to the story of Karen McDougal, a former Playboy model who alleged an affair with Trump in the mid-2000s. Months after the conversation, Trump's campaign denied that they knew anything about the McDougal payment.
- Trump invited Putin to a second summit seemingly on the spur of the moment last week, only to postpone the summit until after the 2018 elections after Russia failed to respond.
- The White House bans a CNN reporter --Kaitlan Collins -- from attending an announcement in the Rose Garden because the Trump administration didn't like that she asked questions, as the pool reporter, during an earlier photo spray.
There's more, but you get the idea.
Any ONE of those events would have been potentially defining in past presidencies. If you feel like you're constantly bombarded with Trump news daily, that's because there is a fire hose of stuff coming out of the White House every single day that Washington -- and the United States -- has never seen before.
If any past president had acted the way Trump acted beside Putin or said what Trump said at the VFW convention, it would have been shocking and surreal. Because prior to Trump, past presidents all acted -- generally speaking --in a consistent way. They were measured in their public statements. They were careful in matters of international diplomacy. They were committed, again, generally speaking, to taking the high road. That doesn't mean presidents before Trump acted perfectly presidential all the time. They did not. But, they always had in their mind what "being presidential" meant.
Trump ran a campaign expressly rejecting the idea of being presidential. While he repeatedly promised on the campaign trail that he could be "so presidential" if and when he wanted to be, he never seemed to find a time to do it. Eventually, Trump abandoned the idea altogether, rejecting it as a trope of the boring status quo that he was running to blow up. He proclaimed: "My use of social media is not Presidential - it's MODERN DAY PRESIDENTIAL. Make America Great Again!"
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When compared against the norms of past presidential behavior then, Trump, on an almost daily basis, says and does things that are by definition abnormal, odd and ahistorical. It's sort of his thing.
So, if you are writing multiple pieces every day and focusing primarily on Trump because he is the President, you are presented with a very tough challenge. Because Trump does so many things that no past president even considered -- much less did -- the overriding theme of pieces are how atypical and ahistorical what he is doing is. How else would you describe purposely starting a trade war against the advice of your top economic adviser who quit in the wake of the disagreement? Or repeatedly attacking and bullying your own attorney general because he isn't investigating your 2016 presidential opponent aggressively enough? Or savaging the news media, day after day after day, for creating "fake news" despite all evidence to the contrary? Or going through your top Cabinet officials and senior staff at a record rate? Or actively seeking to undermine confidence in an investigation led by your Justice Department designed to understand Russia's attempt to interfere in the 2016 election and keep them from doing it again in 2018 and beyond?
And on and on it goes. Days after day. Week after week. Month after month.
But, if you, like me, try to document just how not-normal how Trump conceives of the presidency and what he is aiming to do with it is, there is, because of human nature, a tendency to reach some level of outrage fatigue. Again, if Trump does nine things in a week that are outrageous by the standards of any past president, then no single one of them seems all that outrageous. Our collective minds tend to get used to whatever our circumstances are. What seemed remarkably abnormal in the first weeks of Trump's presidency are now accepted -- or tolerated -- in many circles as just Trump being Trump.
The issue: What's the alternative? Cover Trump without noting the (many) times in which what he says and does are clear breaks with what past presidents said and did? That's, of course, an option. But to my mind, it does a disservice to the reader (or viewer). Trump's presidency is distinctly not normal. To cover it as though it is misses the point -- again, whether you like what he doing or hate it.
I've spent lots and lots of time trying to puzzle out how to accurately reflect Trump's not-normalness while not simply falling back on hyperbole for the sake of hyperbole. I don't have a