Demonstrators at a May Day rally in Istanbul, Turkey, on Tuesday May 1.
PHOTO: BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators at a May Day rally in Istanbul, Turkey, on Tuesday May 1.
(CNN) —  

Demonstrators across the globe took to the streets on Tuesday to demand better working conditions, as part of rallies marking International Workers’ Day.

Held on May 1 each year – known as May Day – the rallies date back to the 1880s.

At the time, labor movements around the world were campaigning for safeguards such as eight-hour workdays and trade unions. The date of May 1 was chosen as it coincided with the anniversary of the Haymarket affair in Chicago, where police killed four people at a peaceful protest after someone threw a bomb into the crowd.

Today, trade unions and human rights campaigners continue to mark the day with rallies – here’s a look at this year’s protests.

What is May Day, anyway?

France

Activists smash windows of a McDonald's restaurant after it was hit with petrol bombs during a May Day rally in the center of Paris.
PHOTO: Francois Mori/AP
Activists smash windows of a McDonald's restaurant after it was hit with petrol bombs during a May Day rally in the center of Paris.

About 1,200 hooded protesters took part in May Day protests, during which a McDonalds restaurant was attacked with a Molotov cocktail, police said.

Photographs show extensive damage to the building, with protesters kicking in smashed windows. Footage also showed damage to a Renault car dealership, as well as other businesses.

The McDonald's was extenstively damaged in the protests.
PHOTO: Julien Mattia/Le Pictorium/Newscom
The McDonald's was extenstively damaged in the protests.

Cuba

People march to Revolution Square in Havana, Cuba, during the annual May Day parade.
PHOTO: ALEJANDRO ERNESTO/AFP/Getty Images
People march to Revolution Square in Havana, Cuba, during the annual May Day parade.

Philippines

Workers burn an effigy of President Rodrigo Duterte as part of demonstrations outside the presidential palace in the capital Manila.
PHOTO: Ezra Acayan/NurPhoto via Getty Images
Workers burn an effigy of President Rodrigo Duterte as part of demonstrations outside the presidential palace in the capital Manila.

Pakistan

Union members hold placards during a march in Lahore, north-east Pakistan.
PHOTO: ARIF ALI/AFP/Getty Images
Union members hold placards during a march in Lahore, north-east Pakistan.

Turkey

Police scuffle with protesters marching near Taksim Square in Istanbul.
PHOTO: Lefteris Pitarakis/AP
Police scuffle with protesters marching near Taksim Square in Istanbul.

Russia

Balloons fly above a rally in Red Square, Moscow.
PHOTO: Pavel Golovkin/AP
Balloons fly above a rally in Red Square, Moscow.

Ukraine

Trade unionists wave flags during a march in Kiev.
PHOTO: SERGEI SUPINSKY/AFP/Getty Images
Trade unionists wave flags during a march in Kiev.

Greece

A demonstrator marches in Athens. A number of trade unions marked May Day with a 24-hour nationwide strike.
PHOTO: Giorgos Georgiou/NurPhoto via Getty Images
A demonstrator marches in Athens. A number of trade unions marked May Day with a 24-hour nationwide strike.

Bangladesh

Garment workers attend a rally in the capital Dhaka. In 2013, more than 1,000 people died when a garment factory collapsed in the same city.
PHOTO: Rehman Asad/Barcroft Media via Getty Images
Garment workers attend a rally in the capital Dhaka. In 2013, more than 1,000 people died when a garment factory collapsed in the same city.

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Hong Kong

A protester raises a model of a bus, during a rally in Hong Kong calling for better labor conditions.
PHOTO: Vincent Yu/AP
A protester raises a model of a bus, during a rally in Hong Kong calling for better labor conditions.

Chile

Chilean workers take part in a May Day march in the capital of Santiago.
PHOTO: Matias Delacroix/NurPhoto/Getty Images
Chilean workers take part in a May Day march in the capital of Santiago.

India

Workers attend a rally in Amritsar, north-west India.
PHOTO: RAMINDER PAL SINGH/EPA-EFE
Workers attend a rally in Amritsar, north-west India.

Spain

A woman is surrounded by a mixture of Catalonian and Spanish flags, at a rally in Barcelona.
PHOTO: LLUIS GENE/AFP/Getty Images
A woman is surrounded by a mixture of Catalonian and Spanish flags, at a rally in Barcelona.

Japan

Workers hold placards at a rally organized by the Japanese Trade Union Confederation, in Tokyo.
PHOTO: Alessandro Di Ciommo/NurPhoto via Getty Images
Workers hold placards at a rally organized by the Japanese Trade Union Confederation, in Tokyo.

South Korea

Members of the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions carry flags during a rally in Seoul.
PHOTO: Lee Jin-man/AP
Members of the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions carry flags during a rally in Seoul.

Written by Sheena McKenzie. Photo edit by Sarah Tilotta.