An archaeological team at the ancient city of Heliopolis, in modern-day Cairo, pieced together more than 6,000 fragments of a statue of King Psamtik I to calculate its original size and shape and create a 3D visualization.
This visualization of the back pillar of the quartzite statue shows an inscription giving the full title of King Psamtik. Christopher Breninek worked on the visualizations for the Heliopolis Project.
The back pillar also shows an intricately carved scene of Psamtik kneeling in front of the creator-god Atum of Heliopolis.
King Psamtik I ruled Egypt between 664 and 610 BC, founding the 26th dynasty. He has been credited with the reunification of Egypt following a long period of internal tensions.
Other finds at the site include this head, also made from quartzite, dating to around 650 BC. Quartzite is a particularly durable material, and is therefore difficult to carve. Excavation leader Dietrich Raue says they may have used quartzite for its color variations -- the statue of Psamtik moves from purple to pink to dark brown.
A falcon frieze was found at the ruins of the temple of Nektanebo I, in Heliopolis. Nektanebo I was the first king of the 30th dynasty of Egypt.
In 2017, when archaeologists first found fragments the statue, it was submerged in a pit of groundwater.
The discovery of the statue drew crowds of spectators, who watched as the heavy torso was lifted out of the pit.
At first, researchers thought the colossus depicted Ramses II, one of ancient Egypt's most famous pharaohs.
Here an Egyptian worker stands beside part of the head -- now known to have depicted to Psamtik I.