Some people find that they can learn new languages by obsessively watching TV shows
Studies show that it's best to acquire a language through both active and passive learning
Every day for about five years, Israeli sisters Reut and Shoham Nistel ran home from school, made themselves sandwiches and plopped down on the couch to watch an Argentine telenovela with Hebrew subtitles.
The girls became so proficient in Spanish that they started speaking it at home to keep secrets from their parents.
“That’s how we learned English, too,” said Reut, now 26. “We had English class in school, but I never paid attention. All my English is from ‘Full House’ and ‘Family Matters.’ “
Although excessive screen time is often frowned upon, language experts say that watching shows in a foreign language – if done with near obsession – can help someone learn that language.
“These stories are hugely common,” said Melissa Baese-Berk, associate professor of linguistics and director of the Second Language Acquisition and Teaching program at the University of Oregon.
Baseball players learned from ‘Friends’
She points to a New York Times story about professional baseball players from Latin America who learned English by watching “Friends” with Spanish subtitles.
But they didn’t just watch “Friends”; they watched it over and over again. Philadelphia Phillies shortstop Freddy Galvis told the Times that he had watched every episode of the 10-season show at least five times.
Stephen Snyder, dean of language schools at Middlebury College in Vermont, said this story sounds familiar to him.
“Our Japanese classes are full of Chinese students and American students who grew up watching Japanese anime, and without having any formal training in Japanese, their comprehension is quite reasonable,” he said. “It’s a transnational phenomenon, and it makes sense.”
Baese-Berk says science supports what these young people have experienced. Studies show that it’s best to acquire a language through both active and passive learning, and watching shows in a foreign language involves both.
Trying to figure out a word that a character in a telenovela is saying would be an example of active learning, and admiring the character’s outfit while hearing Spanish in the background would be an example of passive learning, she said.
The 3 keys to learning from TV
Baese-Berk said there are three tricks to learning a foreign language through a show.
First, it has to be highly engaging. The Nistel sisters, for example, never missed an episode of “Chiquititas,” the Argentine tween musical telenovela that was enormously popular among Israeli middle-schoolers in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The fact that their classmates talked about the show obsessively increased their devotion.