North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho (C) leaves the Swedish goverment building Rosenbad in central Stockholm on March 16, 2018.

North Korea's top diplomat arrived in Sweden on March 15,  for two days of talks which could play a role in setting up a proposed summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un. / AFP PHOTO / TT News Agency / Vilhelm STOKSTAD / Sweden OUT        (Photo credit should read VILHELM STOKSTAD/AFP/Getty Images)
Sweden helps negotiate release of US prisoners
01:55 - Source: CNN
CNN  — 

Sweden is helping negotiate the release of three Americans held captive in North Korea, sources with knowledge of the negotiations tell CNN.

American citizens Kim Hak-song, Kim Sang-duk, and Kim Dong Chul are being held by North Korean government.

Kim Sang-duk, pictured in 2011, was imprisoned in 2017.

North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho is in Stockholm for talks with his Swedish counterpart. Sources tell CNN that Sweden “engaged heavily” in the issue of the American detainees, and since Sweden is a protective power for the US, it also represents the country’s interest in all talks with North Korea.

“Any movement on the issue of these detainees would be a huge deal for the US,” one source with knowledge of negotiations said, adding that Sweden did not issue any ultimatum during the weekend talks; rather, they brought it up as something that would “move things in the right direction”.

Sources said the issue has been at the center of discussions for some time, both at previous low-level meetings and during North Korean Deputy Foreign Minister Han Song Ryol’s visit to Sweden in January.

Kim Hak-song and Kim Sang-duk – also known as Tony Kim – were imprisoned in 2017 on suspicion of “hostile acts.” Kim Dong Chul was arrested in 2015 and has been serving a 10-year sentence on espionage charges.

Kim Hak-song and Kim Sang-duk both worked at Pyongyang University of Science and Technology, a privately run school that has dozens of foreign faculty.

Kim Hak-song is seen in a photo shared with CNN.

Kim Hak-song – an ethnic Korean born in Jilin, China, and educated at a university in California – was detained last May, North Korean state media reported at the time. The previous month, Kim Sang-duk had also been detained while trying to fly out of Pyongyang International Airport.

Kim Dong Chul is a South Korean-born American citizen who had been living in China when he was detained.

He told CNN in 2016 that he had been commuting daily to Rason, a special economic zone on the North Korean side of the border, where he served as president of a company involved in international trade and hotel services.

Kim Dong Chul told CNN’s Will Ripley that he had been arrested after spying on behalf of “South Korean conservative elements.” His claims were made in the presence of North Korean officials, and CNN cannot determine whether they were made under duress.

alleged american held prisoner in north korea speaks_00010615.jpg
U.S. citizen says he spied on North Korea
02:22 - Source: CNN

Previous US detainees

Another American, University of Virginia student Otto Warmbier, died in Ohio in June 2017 shortly after being released from 17 months in a North Korean prison. Warmbier had been sentenced to 15 years of hard labor on charges of committing a “hostile act” against the state after he reportedly removed a political banner from a hotel.

When Warmbier returned to the United States he had extensive brain damage that left him in a persistent vegetative state. North Korea initially claimed Warmbier had contracted botulism while in prison, but his parents told CNN their son had been “systematically tortured and intentionally injured by Kim Jong [Un] … Kim, and his regime.”

Since 2013, at least two other US citizens have also been detained for shorter periods. Merril Newman, who at the time of his October 2013 detention was an 85-year-old US veteran of the Korean War, was released two months later after a videotaped apology. American Jeffrey Fowle spent five months in detention in 2014 for allegedly leaving a Bible at a club for foreign sailors.

North Korea – US summit

The White House announced earlier this month that Trump had accepted an invitation from North Korean leader Kim Jong Un to meet.

North Korea has yet to make an official comment on the proposed meeting. Trump accepted the invitation from Kim when a South Korean delegation delivered it verbally in Washington.

Should the leaders of the two nations sit down, it would be the first time that a sitting US President has met with the leader of the reclusive Asian nation.