WASHINGTON - MAY 31:  The exterior view of the south side of the White House is seen May 31, 2005 in Washington, DC. Vanity Fair Magazine reported that former FBI official W. Mark Felt claimed himself was ?Deep Throat,? the anonymous source who provided information to Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward?s famous Watergate investigation report that led to the former President Richard Nixon's resignation.  (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
Alex Wong/Getty Images
WASHINGTON - MAY 31: The exterior view of the south side of the White House is seen May 31, 2005 in Washington, DC. Vanity Fair Magazine reported that former FBI official W. Mark Felt claimed himself was ?Deep Throat,? the anonymous source who provided information to Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward?s famous Watergate investigation report that led to the former President Richard Nixon's resignation. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
Now playing
02:40
The high-profile exits since Trump took office
NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 14: United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley listens during a United Nations Security Council emergency meeting concerning the situation in Syria, at United Nations headquarters, April 14, 2018 in New York City.  Yesterday the United States and European allies Britain and France launched airstrikes in Syria as punishment for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's suspected role in last week's chemical weapons attacks that killed upwards of 40 people. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
Drew Angerer/Getty Images
NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 14: United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley listens during a United Nations Security Council emergency meeting concerning the situation in Syria, at United Nations headquarters, April 14, 2018 in New York City. Yesterday the United States and European allies Britain and France launched airstrikes in Syria as punishment for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's suspected role in last week's chemical weapons attacks that killed upwards of 40 people. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
Now playing
03:04
UN Ambassador Nikki Haley resigns
former Ambassador to Vietnam Ted Osius
CNN
former Ambassador to Vietnam Ted Osius
Now playing
02:15
Fmr. ambassador resigned in protest of Trump
WASHINGTON, DC - MAY 13: President Donald Trump's motorcade arrives at the White House on May 13, 2018 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Zach Gibson/Getty Images)
Zach Gibson/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - MAY 13: President Donald Trump's motorcade arrives at the White House on May 13, 2018 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Zach Gibson/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:51
White House deputy chief of staff to leave
Tom Bossert speaks at the White House press briefing on Thursday, August 31
CNN
Tom Bossert speaks at the White House press briefing on Thursday, August 31
Now playing
02:32
Source: John Bolton pushed out Tom Bossert
David Shulkin newday 04022018
CNN
David Shulkin newday 04022018
Now playing
00:47
Shulkin: I was fired by a tweet
National security adviser H.R. McMaster waves as he walks into the West Wing of the White House in Washington, Friday, March 16, 2018.
Susan Walsh/AP
National security adviser H.R. McMaster waves as he walks into the West Wing of the White House in Washington, Friday, March 16, 2018.
Now playing
01:57
Trump replaces McMaster with Fox News analyst
Getty Images/Chris Kleponis-Pool/Chip Somodevilla
Now playing
01:57
Trump celebrates McCabe firing on Twitter
pool
Now playing
01:44
Tillerson speaks after being fired
John McEntee, special assistant and personal aide follows US President Donald Trump to Air Force One at Andrews Air Force Base September 27, 2017 in Maryland. / AFP PHOTO / Brendan Smialowski        (Photo credit should read BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
John McEntee, special assistant and personal aide follows US President Donald Trump to Air Force One at Andrews Air Force Base September 27, 2017 in Maryland. / AFP PHOTO / Brendan Smialowski (Photo credit should read BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:33
Longtime Trump aide John McEntee fired
CNN
Now playing
02:09
How to succeed as Trump's communications director
WASHINGTON, DC - SEPTEMBER 28: Director of the National Economic Council Gary Cohn waits to speak during the daily news briefing at the James Brady Press Briefing Room of the White House, September 28, 2017 in Washington, DC. Cohn discussed the administration's plans  for reforming the tax code. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
Drew Angerer/Getty Images
WASHINGTON, DC - SEPTEMBER 28: Director of the National Economic Council Gary Cohn waits to speak during the daily news briefing at the James Brady Press Briefing Room of the White House, September 28, 2017 in Washington, DC. Cohn discussed the administration's plans for reforming the tax code. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:58
Gary Cohn to resign as WH economic adviser
US President Donald Trump (L) congratulates Senior Counselor to the President Stephen Bannon during the swearing-in of senior staff in the East Room of the White House on January 22, 2017 in Washington, DC. / AFP / MANDEL NGAN        (Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)
MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images
US President Donald Trump (L) congratulates Senior Counselor to the President Stephen Bannon during the swearing-in of senior staff in the East Room of the White House on January 22, 2017 in Washington, DC. / AFP / MANDEL NGAN (Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:15
Trump: Steve Bannon cried when he got fired
 The White House is shown during departure by President Donald Trump for the congressional Gold Medal ceremony for former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole at the U.S. Capitol January 17, 2018 in Washington D.C. (Al Drago-Pool/Getty Images)
Pool/Getty Images
The White House is shown during departure by President Donald Trump for the congressional Gold Medal ceremony for former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole at the U.S. Capitol January 17, 2018 in Washington D.C. (Al Drago-Pool/Getty Images)
Now playing
00:51
Second WH aide resigns after abuse accusations
Associate Attorney General Rachel Brand, on Friday, February 2, 2018, will host a summit at the Department of Justice in the Great Hall to discuss Department of Justice efforts to combat human trafficking.   Speakers:  Attorney General Jeff Sessions;  Associate Attorney General Rachel Brand;  Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen;  Business and Community leaders from around the country.   The event runs all day - from 9am - 4:45pm. We do not have a tick tock for speakers, so we need to shoot the entire day (obviously we care the most about Sessions and Nielsen). Laura Jarrett will attend this event as the producer and can write for digital.   Cameras need to be preset by 8am for this event   NOTE: All media must have government-issued photo I.D. (e.g. Driver's License), as well as valid media credentials. Media may begin arriving at 8:00 A.M. for security clearance. Please RSVP to Lauren Ehrsam by 4:30 p.m. on Thursday, February 1, 2018 at Lauren.Ehrsam@usdoj.gov.
POOL
Associate Attorney General Rachel Brand, on Friday, February 2, 2018, will host a summit at the Department of Justice in the Great Hall to discuss Department of Justice efforts to combat human trafficking. Speakers: Attorney General Jeff Sessions; Associate Attorney General Rachel Brand; Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen; Business and Community leaders from around the country. The event runs all day - from 9am - 4:45pm. We do not have a tick tock for speakers, so we need to shoot the entire day (obviously we care the most about Sessions and Nielsen). Laura Jarrett will attend this event as the producer and can write for digital. Cameras need to be preset by 8am for this event NOTE: All media must have government-issued photo I.D. (e.g. Driver's License), as well as valid media credentials. Media may begin arriving at 8:00 A.M. for security clearance. Please RSVP to Lauren Ehrsam by 4:30 p.m. on Thursday, February 1, 2018 at Lauren.Ehrsam@usdoj.gov.
Now playing
01:58
NYT: Senior DOJ official steps down
Washington CNN —  

Donald Trump is breaking records! Just not in a good way.

More than one in three Trump administration staffers have left the White House in its first year, a pace that far eclipses the rate of departures in the previous five White Houses, according to a study done by Kathryn Dunn Tenpas of the Brookings Institute.

The pace of resignations, firings and other assorted departures from the Trump White House is twice what it was in George W. Bush’s first year as president and triple that of Barack Obama’s first year in office.

And, it’s not just any sorts of departures; a large number of Trump’s senior-most staff have left in the first year alone. Writes Dunn Tenpas:

“Six of the 12 Tier One positions saw turnover (Reince Priebus, chief of staff; Katie Walsh, deputy chief of staff; Sean Spicer, press secretary; George Sifakis, assistant to the president and director of the Office of Public Liaison; Michael Flynn, national security adviser, and KT McFarland, deputy national security adviser). By comparison, Obama lost one adviser from Tier One (Greg Craig, White House counsel), and George W. Bush did not see any turnover in these high-level positions.”

And her paper came out in mid-January – meaning that Dunn Tenpas missed a number of more recent departures, including former staff secretary Rob Porter; Rachel Brand, the third-ranking official in the Justice Department; and speechwriter David Sorensen, all of whom left in the last week.

Look at this picture. It includes some people, like former campaign chairman Paul Manafort, who were never at the White House, but who unceremoniously left Trump’s orbit. Others didn’t work directly at the White House, but have featured prominently in the Trump administration. And Manafort, by the way, has been charged by special counsel Robert Mueller with money laundering and filing false foreign lobbying reports. See if you can name all of the people – each one of whom has left the White House or Trump’s orbit – in it. (Confession: I couldn’t):

Getty Images

Here’s the animated version if you prefer moving pictures:

You get the idea. Lots and lots – and lots – of people have left this White House at very senior levels in a very short period of time.

Why? Here’s Dunn Tenpas’ theory:

“Since the President relied on many of his connections in the private sector and was reluctant to hire those who opposed him during the campaign, the absence of prior White House experience among the ranks of the senior staff was glaring. In addition, the insurgent-like features of the Trump campaign and the relatively small campaign staff limited the pool of experienced applicants. While it created new opportunities for many individuals who had not previously worked in the White House, such inexperience may have led to poor performance and a slew of first-year departures.”

I think that’s largely right. Despite Trump’s assurances that he would hire only the “best people” for his administration, the campaign he ran made lots and lots of longtime Washington-dwellers nervous. Trump relished that freaking-out-the-squares image and promised to “drain the swamp” of Washington lifers.

The problem with doing that, of course, is that if you aren’t willing to use serious political and policy thinkers in senior roles (and they are uninterested in being involved anyway), you run the risk of installing people with little to no experience in government in jobs for which they are only loosely qualified for and from which they wash out quickly.

Then there is Trump himself – a man who resists being managed at all costs and who, when something goes wrong, immediately looks for a scapegoat on which to blame things. That’s not exactly an ideal work environment.

Even for staffers he has not fired or forced to resign, Trump’s public bullying seems over the line. How does calling Attorney General Jeff Sessions “beleaguered” help Sessions work harder or better? How does undercutting Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s attempts at diplomacy in North Korea make the country’s senior diplomat a more effective spokesman to the world?

The chaos of Trump’s first year in office is reflected and refracted in all sorts of different ways. One is his historically low poll numbers. Another is his White House’s struggles to stay on message. (Happy Infrastructure Week, by the way!) Yet another is in massive amount of turnover in his staff.

There’s very little continuity or comity in the Trump White House. The staff turmoil and turnover shows no signs of slowing or stopping. Chief of staff John Kelly remains under fire for his handling of the Porter situation. Communications director Hope Hicks, who had been romantically linked to Porter, has come in for further scrutiny and criticism too of late. And it’s only Tuesday.

CORRECTION: This story has been updated to correctly describe the composite picture.