Updated 2:59 PM EDT, Wed August 11, 2021
Jacob Zuma was South Africa's president for nearly a decade. As head of the party that led South Africa out of apartheid, Zuma won elections in 2009 and 2014, and he was once widely celebrated as a key figure in the country's liberation movement.
But he was also dogged by criminal investigations, and his time in power was marred by allegations of high-level corruption. Dubbed the "Teflon" President, Zuma survived a half-dozen no-confidence votes before finally resigning in February 2018.
Zuma now faces multiple charges of fraud, racketeering and corruption relating to an arms deal in the late 1990s. He has pleaded not guilty and denied the accusations against him.
Zuma is serving a 15-month prison sentence for contempt of court after he refused to appear at an anti-corruption commission to face allegations. His incarceration triggered some of the worst unrest of the post-apartheid era in South Africa.
On August 6, the country's Department of Correctional Services said in a statement that Zuma had been admitted to an outside hospital for medical observation.