Aly Raisman speaks at Larry Nassar trial
PHOTO: POOL
Aly Raisman speaks at Larry Nassar trial
Now playing
01:35
Watch Aly Raisman confront Nassar in court
Now playing
01:18
Judge to Nassar: I just signed your death warrant
larry nassar third sentencing michigan sot_00000000.jpg
larry nassar third sentencing michigan sot_00000000.jpg
Now playing
01:30
Judge sentences Nassar to 40 to 125 years
larry nassar speaks in court sentencing hearing sot _00001007.jpg
PHOTO: CNN
larry nassar speaks in court sentencing hearing sot _00001007.jpg
Now playing
00:50
Nassar: Impossible to convey how sorry I am
Former Michigan State University and USA Gymnastics doctor Larry Nassar listens during the sentencing phase in Eaton, County Circuit Court on January 31, 2018 in Charlotte, Michigan. Last week Nassar was sentenced in Ingham County to 40 years to 175 years in prison.
The number of identified sexual abuse victims of former USA Gymnastics doctor Larry Nassar has grown to 265, a Michigan judge announced Wednesday as a final sentencing hearing commenced. Prosecutors said at least 65 victims were to confront Nassar in court, in the last of three sentencing hearings for the disgraced doctor who molested young girls and women for two decades in the guise of medical treatment.
 / AFP PHOTO / JEFF KOWALSKY        (Photo credit should read JEFF KOWALSKY/AFP/Getty Images)
PHOTO: JEFF KOWALSKY/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
Former Michigan State University and USA Gymnastics doctor Larry Nassar listens during the sentencing phase in Eaton, County Circuit Court on January 31, 2018 in Charlotte, Michigan. Last week Nassar was sentenced in Ingham County to 40 years to 175 years in prison. The number of identified sexual abuse victims of former USA Gymnastics doctor Larry Nassar has grown to 265, a Michigan judge announced Wednesday as a final sentencing hearing commenced. Prosecutors said at least 65 victims were to confront Nassar in court, in the last of three sentencing hearings for the disgraced doctor who molested young girls and women for two decades in the guise of medical treatment. / AFP PHOTO / JEFF KOWALSKY (Photo credit should read JEFF KOWALSKY/AFP/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:58
Nassar survivor: 'Have fun in prison'
PHOTO: Ronald Martinez/Getty Images
Now playing
01:18
Olympic gymnast: We are taking our power back
PHOTO: Getty Images
Now playing
02:36
3 'Fierce Five' Olympic gymnasts allege abuse
Nassar dad emotional
PHOTO: POOL
Nassar dad emotional
Now playing
01:52
Dad lunges at Nassar in court room
Judge Cunningham releases Mr. Margraves without a jail sentence or fine after he apologized for his actions and ensured the court he wouldn't do that again.
PHOTO: CNN
Judge Cunningham releases Mr. Margraves without a jail sentence or fine after he apologized for his actions and ensured the court he wouldn't do that again.
Now playing
02:08
Dad who lunged at Nassar apologizes to judge
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
02:16
Judge reads from Nassar's letter, tosses it
Simone Biles competes in the floor exercise during Day 2 of the 2016 U.S. Women's Gymnastics Olympic Trials at SAP Center on July 10, 2016 in San Jose, California.
PHOTO: Ezra Shaw/Getty Images
Simone Biles competes in the floor exercise during Day 2 of the 2016 U.S. Women's Gymnastics Olympic Trials at SAP Center on July 10, 2016 in San Jose, California.
Now playing
02:00
Biles: Testifying would have been a step back
meridian township apology to nassar victim brianne randall sot_00004923.jpg
meridian township apology to nassar victim brianne randall sot_00004923.jpg
Now playing
00:52
Town gives emotional apology to Nassar victim
PHOTO: pool
Now playing
00:53
Nassar: Victims' words have shaken me
Additional Embargo:  pool  Additional Source(s):    Date Shot: 1/24/2018   Shipping/Billing Info:       Description:   Projects:   None  Cost Center:   Atlanta National Desk / 20100101    Created By: tagray  On: 1516800382  --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PHOTO: POOL
Additional Embargo: pool Additional Source(s): Date Shot: 1/24/2018 Shipping/Billing Info: Description: Projects: None Cost Center: Atlanta National Desk / 20100101 Created By: tagray On: 1516800382 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Now playing
02:15
Judge to Nassar: I signed your death warrant
Amanda Thomashow
PHOTO: Sonia Moghe/CNN
Amanda Thomashow
Now playing
05:01
Thomashow: MSU covered up abuse (February 2018)
Now playing
02:42
Raisman to Nassar: You touched a child for pleasure
emily morales nassar accuser
PHOTO: CNN HLN
emily morales nassar accuser
Now playing
00:41
Nassar accuser demands apology and gets it
PHOTO: WDIV
Now playing
02:40
Judge: I'd allow what he did to be done to him
(CNN) —  

Anastasia Mikaela Brif is just 23 months old, but she’s already been taking gymnastics for 3 months.

Her name alone should indicate how much her family loves the sport. The toddler was named after Olympic gold medalists Anastasia (Nastia) Liukin and McKayla Maroney.

But the sex abuse scandal involving Dr. Larry Nassar and more than 140 accusers have rocked gymnastics families nationwide, including hers.

“Of course this has affected my view of this sport. How could it not?” Anastasia’s mother Karla Fuentes said. “I’ve loved this sport since I had the Wheaties poster of Mary Lou (Retton). … To think that this sport was the source of abuse to hundreds of girls is horrifying.”

Karla Fuentes, left, said the Nassar abuse scandal has affected how she and her husband Daniil Brif plan to speak with their daughter Anastasia about sexual abuse.
PHOTO: Courtesy Karen Fuentes
Karla Fuentes, left, said the Nassar abuse scandal has affected how she and her husband Daniil Brif plan to speak with their daughter Anastasia about sexual abuse.

Now Fuentes and countless other gymnastics parents must grapple with unexpected dilemmas: how to talk to young athletes about sexual abuse, and whether they even want their children in the sport.

“This issue has absolutely played a role in how I feel about enrolling (my daughter) in a sport like gymnastics,” said Jackie Van Patten of Appleton, Wisconsin.

“As a parent, my goal is to keep my daughter as safe, healthy and loved as possible. This is where parenting gets very difficult.”

What makes gymnastics so different

Gymnastics is a sport unlike almost any other, where impressionable young children often reach their athletic peak before they’re old enough to vote.

Where they’re scored not by a clock, but largely by opinions. And where their young fates – like whether they make an Olympic team – often come down to how they’re perceived by a selection committee.

“Elite gymnastics requires obedience and strict discipline,” said former gymnast Chelsea Williams, who says she is one of Nassar’s sex abuse victims. “Gymnastics culture promotes obedience without question.”

And from a young age, gymnasts are taught not to complain, she said.

“Pain was a fact of life for me because of gymnastics, but so was silence,” Williams said. “Pain was not an excuse, and was shameful to mention it.”

So it’s not surprising that for decades, Nassar got away with abuse while his victims suffered in silence.

Uncomfortable conversations

Fuentes wants to make sure her young daughter never suffers such abuse. She realizes that means having difficult talks with Anastasia.

Anastasia Brif, 23 months, is named after two Olympians
PHOTO: Courtesy Karla Fuentes
Anastasia Brif, 23 months, is named after two Olympians

“This case has absolutely impacted how my husband and I will speak with our daughter about inappropriate touching, and later sexual abuse,” Fuentes said.

“The Nassar case smashed the concept that it’s OK for mommy, and daddy, and grandma, and the doctor to see you naked, and that the doctor is here to make you better. I will no longer teach my daughter that. Instead, we’re teaching her that her body is hers, and she only has to be touched by people she feels comfortable being touched by.”

What parents can do

Proactive conversations are essential, said Shellie Pfohl, president and CEO of the U.S. Center for SafeSport.

Parents should tell their children what child abuse is, and what to do if someone made them uncomfortable or asked them to keep a secret.

“This is more than a one-time conversation,” Pfohl said. “It needs to be an ongoing dialogue.”

The difficulty, of course, is knowing what to say to young children. Darkness to Light, a nonprofit aiming to prevent child sexual abuse, offers tips on how to talk to children of different ages about sexual abuse – especially in light of recent news.

Pfohl also suggests parents make sure all coaches and volunteers have background checks and ask what policies are in place to protect children.

One glaring problem revealed in the Nassar abuse scandal was that children were often left alone with the doctor – without a nurse or parent.

Nicole Fragoso, a former gymnast and mother of a 6-year-old gymnast, said she was deeply disturbed by that fact.

Julia Fragoso, 6, is the daughter of a former gymnast. Her mother says in light of the Nassar abuse scandal, she wouldn't want Julia to travel alone as a minor.
PHOTO: Courtesy Nicole Fragoso
Julia Fragoso, 6, is the daughter of a former gymnast. Her mother says in light of the Nassar abuse scandal, she wouldn't want Julia to travel alone as a minor.

“I would have a difficult time agreeing to let my young daughter travel without my supervision,” Fragoso said. “… The fact that (gymnasts) were told to see Dr. Nassar for these treatments without the supervision of a nurse or another adult is extremely questionable.”

Pfohl said regardless of what sport or level your child is in, “having two adults present at all times is a best practice.”

What USA Gymnastics is doing

USA Gymnastics is a powerful behemoth, with more than 174,000 members nationwide.

Its success on the international stage is legendary – boasting 12 medals at the 2016 Olympics, team gold medals the last two Olympics, and every Olympic women’s individual all-around gold medalist since 2004.

But USAG’s reputation started unraveling last year, as reports about Nassar’s abuse grew. In response, USA Gymnastics announced a series of reforms, including:

– Implementing an abuse prevention training plan for members, parents and athletes

– Enforcing “serious consequences for failure to report abuse,” up to possible expulsion from USA Gymnastics

– Creating a formal monitoring plan for athlete housing at the national team training center

– Removing the “athlete representative,” tasked with ensuring the welfare of gymnasts at the training center, from the Olympic selection committee so athletes can feel more comfortable reporting abuse to him or her.

Not just gymnastics

SafeSport, which aims to prevent abuse at all levels of sport, has a code of conduct that’s now part of the requirements for USA Gymnastics – as well as the 48 governing bodies for all other Olympic and Paralympic sports.

01:01 - Source: CNN Business
Watch old photos come to life using AI
PHOTO: MyHeritage
Now playing
01:01
Watch old photos come to life using AI
PHOTO: CNN/Getty Images
Now playing
06:46
McEnany says she expected 'peaceful' rally on January 6. Keilar rolls the tape
Now playing
01:26
No, Tom Cruise isn't on TikTok. It's a deepfake
PHOTO: ABC's "Jimmy Kimmel Live
Now playing
02:02
Eddie Murphy, Arsenio Hall reunite in 'Coming 2 America'
PHOTO: Courtesy AirlingRatings.com
Now playing
03:06
Virgin Atlantic CEO: We support Covid vaccine passports
Now playing
01:19
Warren proposes wealth tax: 'It's time for them to pay a fair share'
Now playing
01:43
Marriott CEO: Vaccinations are 'the key' to travel recovery
Now playing
01:23
'There should be no threats': Biden's message to union-busters
Ashley Vanderbilt Former QAnon believer
PHOTO: CNN
Ashley Vanderbilt Former QAnon believer
Now playing
07:40
Former QAnon believer shares bonkers conspiracy theory about Biden
snl.fauci.vaccine.orig_00005420.png
snl.fauci.vaccine.orig_00005420.png
Now playing
01:24
'SNL' has 'Dr. Fauci' helping people get vaccinated