The goal of the White House meeting was to discuss how to reach an agreement between Democrats and Republicans, while still accomplishing the President's push for a wall along the US border with Mexico and other changes to the US immigration system -- something Democrats widely oppose.
In the background, details are still being worked out on what a plan to help recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, would look like, and a bipartisan group of Senate lawmakers led by Democrat Dick Durbin of Illinois and Republican Lindsey Graham of South Carolina continues to negotiate.
Following the meeting, Durbin said he was pleased by the "sense of urgency" by the participants and that they "narrowed down the list of what they are going to discuss in the first phase of immigration, the DACA phase, to border security, chain migration and the diversity visa."
Speaking in the Cabinet Room in the White House with Republican and Democratic lawmakers, Trump urged people to "put country before party" but said he would not protect hundreds of thousands of young undocumented immigrants from deportation without funding for a border wall and a series of immigration changes.
"This should be a bill of love," Trump said. "Truly, it should be a bill of love and we can do that."
He added: "But it also has to be a bill where we are able to secure our border."
Trump allowed cameras and media to watch the discussion for nearly an hour. A Republican source in the room told CNN that lawmakers didn't know the press would be in the White House meeting for so long. The source said Trump told them beforehand the press would come in for the top. The source said they were told the President would make some comments and others could, too, but then the press would leave.
"It was like being in a 9th grade civics class," the source said.
On Tuesday, Trump said he would agree to anything the lawmakers he met with agreed to.
"I think my positions are going to be what the people in this room come up with," Trump said. "I am very much reliant on the people in this room. I know most of the people on both sides, have a lot of respect for the people on both sides, and what I approve is going to be very much reliant on what the people in this room come to me with."
So far, lawmakers involved in negotiations to protect those in the DACA program are frustrated with how negotiations are unfolding.
Republicans charge that Democrats have all but halted talks on spending caps until there is a resolution on DACA, which gives undocumented immigrants who came to the country as children a chance to stay, work or study in the US without fear of deportation.
Republicans had a meeting among themselves on Capitol Hill last night with Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen that went relatively well, according to the source.
Various players are working on some of the sticking points, such as "chain migration" -- or family-based sponsorship options -- and interior enforcement.
A group of Democrats are arguing to hold firm on DACA because if things collapse, they would hopefully win the House and have more leverage in 2019. That's an argument GOP lawmakers who want a deal are making to Trump to convince him he has maximum leverage now that will wane.
Role of John Kelly
Lawmakers want Trump's chief of staff John Kelly, who previously served as head of the Department of Homeland Security, to be the point person on the negotiations because they want someone who understands the issue and is constantly invested in talks, the source told CNN. Lawmakers also consider him a more rational negotiating partner than White House senior adviser Stephen Miller, who has ruled on Trump immigration policy.
The source told CNN that Miller is involved in talks, but Kelly has taken charge.
The distrust has run deep for months, as lawmakers feel that Kelly has not lived up to the image of himself he presented to Congress early in his tenure -- when he was confirmed as homeland security secretary by a wide bipartisan margin.
Kelly often discussed being open to meeting with Democrats as much as Republicans, and spoke of sympathy toward the DACA population.
But despite that initial promise seen in Kelly, lawmakers have since felt a series of disheartening decisions has changed that calculus -- including the decision to end DACA while he was chief of staff and a series of decisions to end Temporary Protected Status by the administration since -- including reporting that he was involved in calling acting Secretary Elaine Duke and pressuring her on the Honduras TPS decision
, which Duke later denied.
The frustrations have bubbled up publicly, perhaps most starkly on display when Democratic Rep. Luis Gutierrez of Illinois took to the House floor in September and "General Kelly, when he was the head of Homeland Security, lied straight to the faces of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus about preventing the mass deportation of (DACA recipients). ... General Kelly is a hypocrite who is a disgrace to the uniform he used to wear."
The intervening months have not improved relationships between Kelly and Democratic lawmakers.
Who attended the meeting
A host of lawmakers attended including Durbin and Democratic Sen. Bob Menendez of New Jersey, a 2013 immigration reform veteran. The list also includes red state Democrats like Sens. Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota and Jon Tester of Montana, as well as Democratic Rep. Henry Cuellar of Texas, who frequently votes with Republicans on immigration and border issues -- a sign that the White House is looking to pick off as many Democrats as it can even if it can't work with the party's key negotiators. Republican Reps. Martha McSally of Arizona and Raul Labrador of Idaho also attended.