The Hastings River mouse is rat-size in adulthood. This nocturnal rodent lives in upland forests.
The New Holland mouse, which is similar in size and appearance to the house mouse, inhabits open heathlands, woodlands and forests.
The Western chestnut mouse, a nocturnal animal that weighs just a couple of ounces in adulthood, can be found in grasslands and on sandy soils.
The sandy inland mouse lives on seeds and the occasional green plant in the arid and semi-arid zones of inland Australia.
The northern short-tailed mouse, a nocturnal species with a shorter than usual tail, is sparsely distributed across Australia.
The plains rat, which mainly feeds on seeds, lives among grasslands and low shrublands.
The fawn hopping mouse, which inhabits the arid Australian outback, has elongated hind legs and feet, allowing it to hop rapidly.
Water rats have partially webbed hind-feet, water-repellent fur and abundant whiskers. They occupy freshwater habitats such as streams and lakes, where they feed on crustaceans, aquatic insects and fish.