Unlocking the ‘Lost City of the Pyramids,’ and other Giza mysteries
By Tom Page, CNN
5 minute read
4:51 AM EST, Wed November 29, 2017
The pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure were erected during the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. Built on the Giza plateau bordering Cairo, the structures and their surrounding temples, cemeteries and workers' quarters -- some built thousands of years after the pyramids -- are of continued interest to Egyptologists.
A man stands on the original surface level of the Giza plateau. Around it rock had been quarried for use on the surrounding structures. In the background, two of Giza's 4th dynasty pyramids. The Great Pyramid of Khufu covers an area of 5.3 hectares and was built with approximately 2.3 million stone blocks.
The Great Sphinx was carved from solid limestone in the 4th dynasty. With the body of a lion and the head of a man, Egyptologists Mark Lehner and Zahi Hawass believe it was the pharaoh Khafre who commissioned the monument. Unlike the sphinx of Greek antiquity, it does not feature a pair of wings.