The US led coalition has begun planning for an internal security force of local recruits that could "hold" Raqqa once military operations are over
About 20 percent of the city has been taken back by SDF fighters
US backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) pushing into Raqqa on two fronts are now less than three miles apart from each other, but it could still be weeks if not months before they are able to fully liberate ISIS’s once self-declared capital, according to a US defense official directly familiar with the status of the fight.
Nonetheless, the US-led coalition has begun planning for an internal security force of local recruits that could “hold” Raqqa once military operations are over.
As of now only about 20 percent of the city has been taken back by SDF fighters, the official said. Shortly after entering the city area several days ago, the SDF encountered significant ISIS opposition and since then there has “not been considerable progress,” the official said.
These SDF forces are pushing in from both the west and east, the official said. Additional SDF forces are attempting to move in from the north. While the overall 55,000-man SDF force is made up of about half Arab and half Kurdish forces, the units operating in and around Raqqa are 80 percent Arab, in keeping up with the ethnic makeup of the area.
Progress has been made in the northeastern sector of the old city area. After SDF breached the old city wall they were able to move about 1,500 feet past the wall into two foothold areas in the old city. US officials have said it’s not clear at this point how many civilians or ISIS fighters are still inside Raqqa but overhead imagery has confirmed ISIS has laid booby traps and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) as it has done in other areas.
If and when Raqqa is liberated, the question of who holds onto it, and the potential role of the Syrian regime and Russia forces in Syria is not clear, according to officials. But the SDF and the coalition are now planning for the establishment of the equivalent of a police force made up of local recruits.
“We’re already starting to work on something that’s called the Raqqa Internal Security Force,” Canadian Armed Forces Brigadier General D.J. Anderson, director of partner force development, told Pentagon reporters. “This will be locals that will work for the Raqqa Council. So it’ll work for local governance, and they’ll be ready to establish that policing function, if you will, that safety and security element”.
But taking Raqqa back will not be the end of ISIS in Syria. US officials have long said they have intelligence showing hundreds of ISIS fighters have fled Raqqa in recent months into the Euphrates River Valley, including some top leaders and those running communications and ISIS efforts to build and deploy chemicals and conventional weapons, such as roadside bombs.