- Nepali-speaking Gorkhas are demanding a state within India
- Three people have been killed and up to 60 injured
- Region-wide strike has left tourism and tea industries in ruins
New Delhi (CNN)The sleepy hills of India's northeast have erupted into violence, as calls for a separate state for the area's Nepali-speaking Gorkhas gain traction.
In 1816, the Treaty of Sugauli was signed between the government of Nepal and the British East India Company following the Anglo-Nepal war, in which Nepal ceded some of its territories, including Darjeeling, to the British.
After Indian Independence, the ceded territories continued to be a part of present-day India; the Nepali-speaking majority in Darjeeling and adjoining areas, also called Gorkhas, became a part of West Bengal -- a state of Bengali speakers.
The creation of modern day West Bengal became the springboard for an ethnically-driven battle for a separate state of Gorkhaland.
In the 1980s, under the leadership of Subash Ghising, the movement's separatist demands intensified, leading to the death of over 1200 people.
The bloodshed was finally brought to an end with the creation of Gorkha autonomous council, and the introduction of self rule in Darjeeling.