Warmbier died Monday
It's unclear what his case means for Westerners who hope to travel to the Hermit Kingdom
The father of the American college student who died after being detained in North Korea believes his son was tricked into visiting the country for nefarious purposes.
“The North Koreans lure Americans to travel to North Korea via tour groups run out of China, who advertise slick ads on the internet proclaiming no American ever gets detained off of our tours and this is a safe place to go,” Fred Warmbier said.
The company that organized the trip Otto Warmbier was on, Young Pioneer Tours, has since stopped offering the North Korea trip to Americans.
Warmbier, 22, had finished a five-day tour of the country and was headed to China for a visit when he was detained at Pyongyang’s airport and accused of trying to steal a propaganda poster. He was released last week and North Korea said he’d been in a vegetative state for 17 months. He died a week after returning home to Ohio.
Troy Collings, the North Korea managing director for Young Pioneer Tours, denies Fred Warmbier’s claims.
“We have provided safe visits for over 8,000 tourists to North Korea in the last 10 years,” Collings said. “The claim that we are trying to lure young Americans as fodder for the Koreans is simply not true, the fact that we have only had one arrest in our history (and no further arrests since) shouldn’t be dismissed.”
Collings maintained that the company has never said that Americans “don’t get detained” in their advertisements. “In fact, we don’t target or mention Americans specifically in any of our advertising,” he added.
After news of Warmbier’s death broke, Young Pioneer Tours changed its policy on Americans going to North Korea.
“The devastating loss of Otto Warmbier’s life has led us to reconsider our position on accepting American tourists. There had not been any previous detainment in North Korea that has ended with such tragic finality and we have been struggling to process the result. Now, the assessment of risk for Americans visiting North Korea has become too high,” the company said in a statement.
How the news of Warmbier’s condition might impact North Korea’s fledgling tourism market remains unclear.
A source in the North Korean tourism industry told CNN he’s not seen any dent in tourist numbers since Warmbier was detained, though he’s noticed a slight drop in inquiries from Americans.
That could change as Warmbier’s case gets more publicity, he said. The source asked for anonymity in order to protect the business he works for.
Americans detained in North Korea
- • Kim Dong Chul, the president of a company involved in international trade and hotel services, was arrested in 2015 and is serving 10 years on espionage charges.
- • Kim Sang Duk, also known as Tony Kim, a university professor, was detained in Pyongyang in 2017 and accused of attempting to overthrow the government.
- • Kim Hak-song, a native Korean born in China (Jin Xue Song is the Chinese version of his name) and professor working at the same university as Tony Kim was detained May 6 on suspicion of "hostile acts" against the regime.
Last year, more than 4,000 non-Chinese tourists visited North Korea overall, the source said. Some 20 to 30 international tour agencies – many based in China – currently operate tours to the reclusive state.
Young Pioneers, whose website boasts of providing “budget travel to destinations your mother would rather you stay away from,” is among the most popular choice of tour operators among young Westerners.
Warmbier was found guilty of committing a hostile act against the North Korean regime and sentenced to 15 years hard labor in March 2016. Authorities claimed they obtained security footage of him stealing a political banner from his hotel, which was used as evidence during his reportedly hour-long trial.
“We do our utmost to inform and protect our customers before they book the tour. However like most tour agencies operating in most countries, we aren’t able to protect those deemed to have contravened the law,” said Collings.
An untouched country
With the advent of cheap travel there’s an inherent appeal in visiting one of the world’s last remaining places unaffected by mass tourism.
“Really, you have nothing to worry about as a tourist. So long as you obey the laws of the DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) and do nothing to disrespect the ruling Kim family, you will be fine,” Lonely Planet says on its website.
Tourism to North Korea – especially Western tourism – has risen significantly in recent years despite international tensions regarding the country’s nuclear program.
Some go to witness specific North Korean state holidays, others for events like the Pyongyang Marathon.
All the trips are meticulously organized. Tourists are accompanied by a government-employed tour guide whenever they leave their hotel. Seven North Korean companies are licensed to partner with outside agencies – such as Young Pioneers – to operate tours.
One woman who spoke to CNN likened the city to a “movie set.”