Japan is building the fastest supercomputer ever made

Updated 2:18 AM EDT, Mon July 31, 2017
Now playing
02:49
New superfast supercomputer could mimic brains
Now playing
02:57
This plant could power the cars of the future
Now playing
04:01
This solar panel is paper thin and bends, too
Now playing
01:39
Amazing inventions from Japan
Now playing
03:30
This company wants to clean up space
Now playing
04:23
Japan's search for the perfect robot
Now playing
02:38
This revolutionary gel could save our joints
Now playing
03:34
This rod could make buildings earthquake proof

Story highlights

Japan is working on a record-breaking $173m supercomputer

The current fastest supercomputer is one million times faster than a PC

Editor’s Note: This feature is part of Vision Japan, a series about the visionaries who are changing Japan, and the places that inspire this innovation. See more here.

(CNN) —  

Japan is building the world’s fastest supercomputer, which it hopes will make the country the new global hub for artificial intelligence research.

The supercomputer is expected to run at a speed of 130 petaflops, meaning it is able to perform a mind-boggling 130 quadrillion calculations per second (that’s 130 million billion).

Once complete (the target date is April 2018), the AI Bridging Cloud Infrastructure (ABCI) will be the most powerful supercomputer in the world, surpassing the current champion, China’s Sunway TaihuLight, currently operating at 93 petaflops.

What makes a computer ‘super’?

While the ABCI will not have a mouse or screen, it’s not vastly different from a personal computer – just souped-up, a whole lot faster, and much, much bigger.

“The current supercomputer system is one million times faster than your personal computers,” explains Satoshi Sekiguchi, a director general at Japan’s ‎National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology.

Sekiguchi calculates that it would take 3,000 years for a personal computer to achieve what a supercomputer can do in just one day.

In terms of size, Japan’s supercomputer will be comparable to a parking lot with space for 30 to 40 cars.

“The supercomputer that is currently under development would take up about 1,000 square meters of floor space,” says Sekiguchi.

What will it be used for?

The ABCI could help Japanese companies develop and improve driverless cars, robotics and medical diagnostics, explains Sekiguchi.

“A supercomputer is an extremely important tool for accelerating the advancement in such fields,” he says.

Its supersonic speed will also help Japan develop advances in artificial intelligence technologies, such as “deep learning.”

But supercomputers are to thank for smaller everyday inventions too.

“The initial design of paper diapers was actually done using a supercomputer,” explains Sekiguchi. “However, mothers continue to use them without knowing that fact.”

$173m key to the future

Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry will spend 19.5 billion yen ($173m) to build the ABCI and two research centers.