01:52 - Source: CNN
How an extraordinary UK election unfolded

Story highlights

At least 207 women elected to UK Parliament

Number up from 196 in 2015 election and by-elections

London CNN —  

It’s official – Britain will have more women members of Parliament than ever before.

On a dramatic night that shook the political establishment to its core and forced Prime Minister Theresa May to place her Conservative Party into a coalition with Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party, some 207 female lawmakers were elected to the House of Commons.

With one seat yet to be declared, that number already surpasses the 196 elected in the 2015 vote and subsequent by-elections.

One of the biggest surprises came in Canterbury, Kent, where Rosie Duffield clinched the seat for Labour for the first time since 1918.

There was also history made in the constituency of Birmingham Edgbaston, where Preet Kaur Gill became the first Sikh woman to be elected to Parliament.

Preet Kaur Gill is the first Sikh woman to be elected to Parliament.
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Preet Kaur Gill is the first Sikh woman to be elected to Parliament.

Caroline Lucas, the Green Party’s only member of Parliament, retained her seat in Brighton Pavilion with a healthy majority.

The Green Party's Caroline Lucas retains her seat in Brighton Pavilion.
Dan Kitwood/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
The Green Party's Caroline Lucas retains her seat in Brighton Pavilion.

Labour’s Diane Abbott, the shadow home secretary, and Emily Thornberry, the shadow foreign minister, both enjoyed successful evenings Thursday.

Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry is victorious in Islington.
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Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry is victorious in Islington.

But others such as Home Secretary Amber Rudd just managed to remain in Parliament.

Rudd won her constituency in Hastings and Rye by a few hundred votes

Home Secretary Amber Rudd barely keeps her seat in Hastings and Rye.
Leon Neal/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
Home Secretary Amber Rudd barely keeps her seat in Hastings and Rye.

The Women’s Equality Party ran seven candidates in this year’s election but failed to win a single seat.

Labour's Jo Stevens and Anna Anna McMorrin celebrate wins in Cardiff Central and Cardiff North, respectively.
Matthew Horwood/Getty Images Europe/Getty Images
Labour's Jo Stevens and Anna Anna McMorrin celebrate wins in Cardiff Central and Cardiff North, respectively.

Just two years ago, the total number of women to become members of Parliament in history surpassed the number of males in a single Parliament.

In 1918, Constance Markievicz became the first woman elected to the House of Commons. But as a member of the Irish nationalist Sinn Fein, she did not take up her seat.

Instead, Nancy Astor became the first woman to take her seat in the Commons after winning the Plymouth Sutton Constituency by-election in 1919.

This year’s election took place 104 years to do the day since Emily Davison gave her life to the suffragette cause by jumping in front King George V’s horse at Epsom racecourse in 1913.

It is thought she was attempting to attach a flag to the horse’s bridle calling for women to have the right to vote.