Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy

Updated 3:20 PM ET, Wed June 27, 2018
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Anthony Kennedy, the longest-serving member of the current Supreme Court, has announced that he will be retiring at the end of July. Kennedy, 81, was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1988. He is a conservative justice but has provided crucial swing votes in many cases. Eric Thayer/Getty Images
Kennedy was born in Sacramento, California, on July 23, 1936. In this photo, circa 1939, he sits between his mother, Gladys, and his sister, Nancy. Courtesy of Dana Smith
Kennedy wears his Cub Scout uniform as he poses with his brother, Tim, circa 1946. Courtesy U.S. Supreme Court
Kennedy, third from right in the front row, stands with other Cub Scouts in the 1940s. Sacramento Bee/ZUMAPRESS
Kennedy, right, spent time with the California Army National Guard after finishing law school in 1961. The man on the left, John J. Hamlyn Jr., also became a lawyer like Kennedy. Sacremento Bee/Zumapress
Kennedy, right, and Hamlyn pose for a photo after basic training. Sacramento Bee/ZUMAPRESS
After more than a decade as a lawyer, Kennedy became a judge on the US Court of Appeals in 1975. He was nominated by President Gerald Ford on the recommendation of California Gov. Ronald Reagan. Owen Brewer/Sacramento Bee/Zumapress
This courtroom photo of Kennedy was taken in 1976. Courtesy of McGeorge School of Law
Kennedy has breakfast with his wife, Mary, and his son Gregory in 1984. Frank Stork/Sacramento Bee/ZUMAPRESS
Kennedy and his wife walk together in Sacramento, California, in 1987. Dick Schmidt/Sacramento Bee via ZUMA Wire/ZUMAPRESS
From 1965 to 1988, Kennedy was also a professor of constitutional law at the University of the Pacific's McGeorge School of Law. Frank Stork/Sacramento Bee/ZUMAPRESS
In 1987, Kennedy was nominated by President Reagan to fill the Supreme Court seat vacated by Lewis Powell's retirement. The nomination came after the confirmation failures of nominees Robert Bork and Douglas Ginsburg. Getty Images
Kennedy, center, talks with US Sens. Ted Kennedy, left, and Joe Biden before a confirmation hearing in Washington. The two Kennedys are not related. Doug Mills/AP
Kennedy meets with President Reagan in the Oval Office. White House Photo
Kennedy is joined by his wife as he is sworn in by Chief Justice William Rehnquist on February 18, 1988. Reagan is on the right. Bettmann/Getty Images
Kennedy, top right, appears in a formal Supreme Court portrait in April 1988. In the front row, from left, are Thurgood Marshall, William Brennan Jr., Chief Justice William Rehnquist, Byron White and and Harry Blackmun. In the back row, from left, are Antonin Scalia, John Paul Stevens, Sandra Day O'Connor and Kennedy. Bob Daugherty/AP
Kennedy speaks at the McGeorge School of Law in 1991. He delivered the inaugural address in a lecture series named for the late Archie Hefner, whose portrait is behind Kennedy. Hefner was a prominent Sacramento attorney active in numerous civic and charitable groups. He died in 1988. Owen Brewer/Sacramento Bee/Zumapress
Kennedy is on the far right in this Supreme Court portrait from 1998. In the front row, from left, are Antonin Scalia, John Paul Stevens, Chief Justice William Rehnquist, Sandra Day O'Connor and Kennedy. In the back row, from left, are Ruth Bader Ginsburg, David Souter, Clarence Thomas and Stephen Breyer. AFP/Getty Images
In 2004, Kennedy speaks to high school students at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California. DAVE GETZSCHMAN/AP
Kennedy speaks during a Senate subcommittee hearing in 2002. Mark F. Sypher/CQ-Roll Call Group/Getty Images
Kennedy discusses the court's budget requests with a House committee in April 2005. Win McNamee/Getty Images
Kennedy participates in a panel discussion in Washington in November 2005. David Scull/Bloomberg/Getty Images
Kennedy receives an honorary degree at New York University in May 2006. TIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images
Kennedy delivers the commencement address at New York University. MARILYNN K. YEE/New York Times/Redux
In February 2007, Kennedy testifies at a Senate committee hearing on judicial security and independence. Ken Cedeno/Bloomberg/Getty Images
Kennedy testifies before a House subcommittee in March 2007. He and fellow Justice Clarence Thomas spoke about concerns with the ongoing remodeling of the court building, the reduction of paperwork due to electronic media, and the disparity of pay between federal judges and lawyers working in the private sector. Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images
The Supreme Court meets with President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden in September 2009. From left are Samuel Alito, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Kennedy, John Paul Stevens, Chief Justice John Roberts, Obama, Sonia Sotomayor, Biden, Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas, Stephen Breyer and retired Justice David Souter. The White House/Getty Images
Kennedy leaves after a Catholic Mass in Washington in October 2009. Jose Luis Magana/AP
Kennedy joins the President and other officials at a memorial for the victims of a shooting in Tucson, Arizona, in 2011. DOUG MILLS/The New York Times/Redux
Kennedy smiles as he is introduced to faculty members at the University of Pennsylvania Law School in October 2013. Kennedy was teaching there for a week. Matt Slocum/AP
Kennedy is saluted by sailors as he tours the USS John C. Stennis in 2015. Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images
Kennedy testifies about a Supreme Court budget request during a House subcommittee meeting in 2015. Manuel Balce Ceneta/AP
President Obama greets Kennedy and other Supreme Court justices before his final State of the Union address in January 2016. Stephen Crowley/The New York Times/Redux
Kennedy, second from left, joins other Supreme Court justices in February 2017 during President Donald Trump's first address to a joint session of Congress. Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA/Redux/
As President Trump looks on, Kennedy administers the judicial oath to new Justice Neil Gorsuch in April 2017. Eric Thayer/Getty Images
Kennedy and Trump walk together after Gorsuch's swearing-in ceremony. Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA/Redux
Trump stands with the Supreme Court at Gorsuch's formal investiture ceremony in June 2017. From left are Elena Kagan, Samuel Alito, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Kennedy, Chief Justice John Roberts, Trump, Gorsuch, Clarence Thomas, Stephen Breyer and Sonia Sotomayor. Fred Schilling, Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States
Several members of the Supreme Court pose for a portrait before taking part in a procession to mark Harvard Law School's bicentennial in October 2017. On the top row, from left, are Kennedy, Roberts, Breyer and Gorsuch. In front of them are Kagan and retired Supreme Court Justice David Souter. Jessica Rinaldi/The Boston Globe via Getty Images