Health

Seven reasons why a global pandemic is inevitable

Published 8:18 AM ET, Mon April 3, 2017
Share
01 global pandemic01 global pandemic
1 of 7
The globe's growing population creates greater opportunity for disease to spread through air, mosquitoes or unclean water, particularly in urban areas. The United Nations predicts that 66% of the global population will live in urban areas by 2050. Shutterstock
As humans expand into previously uninhabited territories such as forests, they are more likely to come into more frequent contact with wild animals and, inevitably, new infections. Shutterstock
Evidence suggests climate change is causing greater numbers of heat waves and flooding events, bringing more opportunity for waterborne diseases such as cholera and for diseases carried by mosquitoes. Shutterstock
According to experts, infectious agents can live in humans during their incubation period -- the time between infection and the onset of symptoms -- meaning that travelers can transmit an infection to another region even though they don't appear to be sick. International tourist arrivals reached a record of almost 1.2 billion in 2015. Shutterstock
If a country is on the brink of breakdown from civil unrest, its ability to handle an intense and sudden outbreak could bring its people to their knees -- and allow the infection to flourish. Shutterstock
In the information age, new means of communication bring higher levels of fear and multiple ways to spread it, experts believe. More than 90% of the world's population will be covered by mobile broadband networks by 2021, according to the UN. Shutterstock
Countries where outbreaks are more likely to occur also have fewer doctors and nurses to treat the population. Most have left for better prospects elsewhere. Here a nurse administers a yellow fever vaccine in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. FABIO TEIXEIRA/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images