- This page includes the show Transcript
January 12, 2017
The U.S has made a large military deployment to Eastern Europe, and CNN 10 explains how NATO and Russia factor in. We're also incorporating presidential news and trivia into today's show, following President Obama's farewell address. And we're giving you a bear's eye view of the Arctic
CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Your world explained in 10 minutes. This is CNN
10. Thank you for watching. I`m Carl Azuz.
First story this Thursday, it`s about one of the largest U.S. military
deployments in Europe since the Cold War. It`s not just several thousand
U.S. troops who recently arrived in Germany. It`s tanks, armored trucks,
artillery, twenty-four hundred pieces of military equipment. And it will
be spread out across Eastern Europe.
This is part of an American effort to show it`s committed to NATO, the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. That was formed in 1949 by European
countries and the U.S., as a sort of guard against the Soviet Union.
Today, NATO members are concerned about Russia. The country has supported
the pro-Russian forces who are fighting Ukrainian government troops in
eastern Ukraine, and Russia controversially took over Crimea, a region of
Ukraine, in early 2014.
At that time, the vast majority of people in Crimea voted to make their
region part of Russia, instead of Ukraine. But Russia`s takeover was
something that Ukraine and several other countries, including the U.S., did
not accept, and it troubled leaders throughout NATO, including those in
That`s where some U.S. troops are currently engaged in training exercises.
IVAN WATSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): War
games in the snowy fields of Eastern European, as U.S. soldiers trained in
Twenty-five years ago, this was part of the Soviet Union. Today, Latvia is
part of the European Union, and also a U.S. military ally in NATO.
(on camera): These are live fire exercises, that`s why I`ve got to wear
all these extra protective armor. Military commanders say they`re trying
to show that they`re a force of deterrence and their number one potential
threat, Latvia`s much bigger neighbor to the east.
COLONEL GREGORY ANDERSON, U.S. ARMY: The origins were really a response to
Russian activity in 2014, when the strategic situation changed.
WATSON (voice-over): He`s talking about Russia`s annexation of the Crimean
Peninsula, after Russian forces drove Ukrainian troops out of this corner
of Ukraine in 2014.
Russia`s land grab frightens people and former Soviet republics like
Latvia, where there are still bitter memories after a half century of
But there are two sides to this tension. We travelled from Latvia, across
Lithuania to Kaliningrad, a Russian enclave in Russia that`s cut off from
mainland Russia. In soviet names, this was heavily militarized place,
closed off from the outside world.
Kaliningrad was recently thrust back into the spotlight after Russia
deployed nuclear-capable missiles here. Russia`s top diplomat defended the
move, arguing it`s the U.S. that`s threatening Russia.
Kaliningrad is still the headquarters of the Russian navy`s Baltic fleet
and Moscow has been flexing its own muscles, performing military drills in
Rival militaries maneuvering along opposite sides of increasingly tense
borders, in a land that still bears scars from the last time armies fought
AZUZ: Unlike the U.S. president`s State of the Union report, there`s no
requirement in the Constitution for an American leader to give a farewell
address. In fact, the words "farewell" and "address" don`t appear at all
in the document. But the tradition goes back to the nation`s first
president who famously used part of his address to warn Americans about the
influence of political parties.
The farewell tradition continued this week with outgoing President Barack
Obama addressing more than 20,000 of his supporters on Tuesday night.
MICHELLE KOSINSKI, CNN WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): President
Obama took the stage to say farewell.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: It`s good to be home.
KOSINSKI: The applause so deafening, it was hard to begin. But he soon
tore into the forces within America that he says threaten the very
democracy that too many take for granted.
OBAMA: Only if all of us, regardless of party affiliation or particular
interest help restore the sense of common purpose that we so badly need
KOSINSKI: He called out economic inequality, discrimination and, in some
surprising words, stressed that everyone needs to show empathy.
OBAMA: For blacks and other minority groups, that means tying our own very
real struggles for justice to the challenges that a lot of people in this
country face. Not only the refugee or the immigrant or the rural poor or
the transgender American but also the middle-aged white guy who, from the
outside, may seem like he`s got advantages but has seen his world upended
by economic and cultural and technological change.
KOSINSKI: Calling out naked partisanship, corrosive politics, fake news.
OBAMA: And increasingly, we`ve become so secure in our bubbles that we
start accepting only information, whether it`s true or not, that fits our
opinions, instead of basing our opinions on the evidence that is out there.
KOSINSKI: The president thanking those around him -- most emotionally his
OBAMA: Michelle LaVaughn Robinson, girl of the South Side. For the past -
- for the past 25 years, you have not only been my wife and mother of my
children, you have been my best friend.
KOSINSKI: And thanking Americans who work hard for change, asking them one
more thing -- to believe in the power within themselves.
OBAMA: Yes, we can. Yes, we can.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia:
Who is the first U.S. president to live in the White House? John Quincy
Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams or George Washington?
Though Washington picked the site of the White House, it wasn`t until 1800
when his successor John Adams moved in.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: And even then, it still wasn`t finished. First Lady Abigail Adams
used the empty East Room to hang their laundry to dry. Of course, now, the
president`s residence at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue has many more modern
conveniences, like washer dryers. But a lot needs to get done on January
20th, when the former president moves out and the new president moves in.
JAKE TAPPER, CNN CHIEF WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): At 10:30 on
the morning of Inauguration Day, President Obama will say goodbye to 1600
OBAMA: They literally move all your stuff out in one day. You are living
there and then, suddenly -- it`s not all out in the South Lawn. I mean,
they pack it up.
TAPPER: He and President-elect Donald Trump will meet again before heading
to the inaugural ceremony. As soon as they walk out the door, the White
House chief usher and almost 100 staffers will swing into action.
STEPHEN ROCHON, WHITE HOUSE CHIEF USHER, 2007-2011: It`s more like
organized chaos. We have one truck on the South Lawn that belongs to the
outgoing president and first family, facing south. And the incoming truck
facing north toward the White House on the east side of the south grounds.
TAPPER: Rear Admiral Stephen Rochon was the first African-American White
House chief usher, and he was in charge of the White House from President
George W. Bush to Barack Obama. He remembers asking incoming First Lady
Michelle Obama how she wanted the house decorated.
ROCHON: In the case of the Obamas, they have two precious girls that
wanted a girly type room. Anything can be changed on the second and third
floor, which are the private floors for the first family.
TAPPER: "Extreme Makeover" White House edition requires all hands on deck
since it`s a race against the clock. They have only six hours to transform
the 132-room mansion into the new first family`s home. Movers carry
furniture in and out of the White House. Personal items are carefully
organized from the moving trucks. The dining rooms are decorated and set
up and the kitchen staff cooks up an inaugural snack, something to help the
first family get through all those late night bowls.
And, of course, the Oval Office gets a little sprucing up as well. New
paintings on the wall. The carpet and desks are cleaned and new
technologies installed. No detail is every too small.
AZUZ: Ever wonder what it`s like to be a polar bear roaming and playing
and killing prey in the Arctic? Well, me neither. But this still gives us
a great idea of what that`s like.
The U.S. Geological Survey recently attached a camera to a female polar
bear`s neck. The goal? Study the animal`s behavior and responses to
changes in her environment. The view? Fantastic.
This was shot in the southern Beaufort Sea, which is north of Alaska. What
you didn`t see was the other bear asking her out on a date. He started
with what`s er sign? A better glance was arctic. I don`t know how she
could bear it. Lines like that are un-bear-livable. In other words,
CNN 10 has more news and horrible puns, short (INAUDIBLE) glace and frosty
looks tomorrow. Come on back then.
CNN 10 serves a growing audience interested in compact on-demand news broadcasts ideal for explanation seekers on the go or in the classroom. The show's priority is to identify stories of international significance and then clearly describe why they're making news, who is affected, and how the events fit into a complex, international society.
Thank you for using CNN 10