Here is a look back at the events of 2016.
Notable US Events:
January 26 - After occupying a federal wildlife refuge headquarters in Oregon for 26 days to denounce federal land policies, protest leader Ammon Bundy and several fellow occupiers are pulled over on US Highway 395. Bundy is arrested, and LaVoy Finicum is killed.
February 16 - Apple refuses to comply with a California judge’s order to assist the FBI in hacking the phone of San Bernardino gunman Syed Farook. A public letter signed by Apple CEO Tim Cook states why the company is refusing to abide by the government’s demands. In March, the Department of Justice announces the FBI has retrieved the data on the iPhone with the help of an unnamed third party.
February 20 - Six people are killed, and two more are injured during an hours-long shooting rampage at three different sites in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The shooting suspect is identified as Jason Brian Dalton, 45, an Uber driver who apparently picked up and dropped off passengers between shootings.
February 25 - Cedric Ford, 38, kills three people and injures an additional 14 in shootings that end at his workplace, a lawn care machinery manufacturing company in Hesston, Kansas. Ford is killed by police, bringing the total number of fatalities to four.
March 7 - Denver Broncos quarterback Peyton Manning announces he is retiring from the NFL, after 18 seasons.
March 8 - Four people are killed in Kansas City and a fifth is gunned down in Missouri. The shooting suspect, Pablo Antonio Serrano-Vitorino had been deported to Mexico in 2004 but returned to the US illegally. Serrano-Vitorino is also charged with the murder of a Missouri man after his truck was found at the victim’s home.
March 20 - President Obama arrives in Cuba, becoming the first sitting US president to visit in 88 years.
March 23 - North Carolina Governor Pat McCrory signs a controversial bill blocking cities from allowing transgender individuals to use public bathrooms for the gender they identify with – as well as restricting cities from passing nondiscrimination laws more broadly. On May 9, the Justice Department files a civil rights lawsuit over the bill.
April 13 - Kobe Bryant plays his last NBA game, scoring 60 points to help the Los Angeles Lakers defeat the Utah Jazz 101-96.
April 20 - Five former New Orleans police officers plead guilty and are sentenced in connection with the shootings of six unarmed people, two fatally, on the Danziger Bridge days after Hurricane Katrina. Their sentences – from three to 12 years in prison – are remarkably less severe than the six to 65 years in prison to which they were originally sentenced back in 2012.
April 20 - Treasury Secretary Jack Lew announces that Harriet Tubman will replace Andrew Jackson on the face of the $20 bill. She’ll become the first black person to front a US banknote.
April 25 - Five hundred and fourteen residents and former residents of Flint, Michigan, file a class action lawsuit against the EPA. The plaintiffs allege negligence and demand more than $220 million in damages for the EPA’s role in the Flint water crisis.
April 27 - Former Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert is sentenced to 15 months in prison and ordered to pay $250,000 to a victims’ fund in a hush money case that revealed he was being accused of sexually abusing young boys as a teacher in Illinois.
May 1 - For the first time in more than five decades, a US cruise ship sets sail for Cuba.
May 17 - The Senate confirms Eric Fanning to be secretary of the Army, making him the first secretary of a branch of the US military who is openly gay.
May 23 - The Supreme Court rules 7-1 in favor of African-American death row inmate Timothy Foster, in a case concerning race discrimination in jury selection. Twenty years after Foster’s sentence, his attorneys obtained notes taken by the prosecution during jury selection, including marking potential jurors’ names with a “b” for black. The decision does not vacate Foster’s conviction; it opens the door for Foster’s case to be remanded to the Georgia state court to argue for a new trial.
May 26 - Jairam Hathwar, 13, of Corning, New York, and Nihar Janga, 11, of Austin, Texas, are named co-champions of the 2016 Scripps National Spelling Bee competition, the third set of co-champions in three years.
May 27 - President Obama becomes the first sitting US president to visit Hiroshima, Japan.
May 28 - The Cincinnati Zoo shoots and kills Harambe, a 17-year old, 400-pound western lowland gorilla, after a child slips into the animal’s enclosure.
June 12 - Omar Saddiqui Mateen, 29, opens fire inside Pulse, a gay nightclub, in Orlando, Florida. At least 49 people are killed and more than 50 are injured. Police shoot and kill Mateen during an operation to free hostages officials say he was holding at the club.
June 23 - The US Supreme Court upholds the Affirmative Action program by a vote of four to three, with Justice Elena Kagan recusing herself. The ruling allows the limited use of affirmative action policies by schools.
June 24 - President Obama announces the designation of the first national monument to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights. The Stonewall National Monument will encompass Christopher Park, the Stonewall Inn and the surrounding streets and sidewalks that were the sites of the 1969 Stonewall uprising in New York City.
June 28 - After a two-year investigation of the Benghazi terror attack, House Republicans release a more than 800-page report faulting the Obama administration for security lapses which led to the deaths of four Americans, but contains no revelations likely to further damage Hillary Clinton. The report paints a picture of bureaucratic inertia, rapidly worsening security in Libya and inadequate resources in the months preceding the deaths of Ambassador Chris Stevens and three colleagues on September 11, 2012.
July 4 - After an almost five-year journey, the Juno space probe successfully enters Jupiter’s orbit.
July 5 - Alton Sterling is shot and killed after an encounter with two Baton Rouge, Louisiana, police officers. Video shows Sterling on the ground, underneath officers, when shots are fired.
July 6 - Philando Castile is shot and killed by a police officer during a traffic stop in Falcon Heights, Minnesota. His girlfriend, Diamond Reynolds, live-streams the aftermath of the confrontation with the police officer, and says Castile was reaching for his identification when he was shot.
July 7-8 - Five police officers are killed, and seven other officers and two civilians are wounded when a sniper fires ambush-style during a peaceful protest in downtown Dallas. After a lengthy standoff with police in a parking garage, a Dallas police bomb squad robot kills the gunman, identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, 25, of Mesquite, Texas, a veteran who served in Afghanistan.
July 12 - Senator Bernie Sanders (D-Vermont) endorses Hillary Clinton for president.
July 17 - A gunman ambushes and kills three law officers and wounds three other officers in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The shooter, later identified as Gavin Long, 29, of Kansas City, is killed by police officers in the ensuing gun battle.
July 19 - Donald Trump officially becomes the Republican Party nominee for president.
July 21 - Roger Ailes resigns as chairman and CEO of Fox News amid sexual harassment allegations.
July 22 - Wikileaks releases nearly 20,000 emails from Democratic National Committee staffers. The leaked emails appear to show the committee favoring presumptive Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton over Bernie Sanders during the US presidential primary season.
July 22 - US Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia is named as Hillary Clinton’s vice presidential running mate.
July 26 - Hillary Clinton officially becomes the Democratic Party nominee for president and the first woman in the history of the United States to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party.
July 27 - Baltimore prosecutors drop charges against the three remaining officers awaiting trial in connection with Freddie Gray’s death. The other three officers charged in the case have already been acquitted.
July 30 - A hot air balloon carrying 16 people catches fire and crashes in central Texas. It is the deadliest hot air balloon accident in US history.
August 10 - The Justice Department releases a report showing that the Baltimore Police Department has engaged in unconstitutional practices that led to disproportionate rates of stops, searches and arrests of African-Americans, and excessive use of force against juveniles and people with mental health disabilities.
August 12 - Alex Rodriguez plays in his final MLB game at Yankee Stadium as the New York Yankees take on the Tampa Bay Rays.
September 2 - After serving three months behind bars for sexually assaulting an unconscious woman, former Stanford University swimmer Brock Turner is released from a California jail.
September 16 - Tulsa Police Officer Betty Shelby fatally shoots Terence Crutcher, a 40-year-old unarmed black man, after his car is found abandoned in the middle of the road. On September 22, Officer Shelby is charged with felony manslaughter in the first degree.
September 17 - A garbage can explodes at a Marine Corps charity race in Seaside Park, New Jersey. No one is wounded in the blast, and two other unexploded bombs are found nearby. Later in the evening, an explosion in New York’s Chelsea neighborhood injures 29 people. Law enforcement cordons off the area, and investigators find a pressure cooker four blocks away. On September 18, a backpack with five bombs inside is found in a wastebasket near a train station in Elizabeth, New Jersey. On September 19, after a shootout with law enforcement in Linden, New Jersey, suspected bomber Ahmad Khan Rahami is taken into custody.
September 20 - Keith Lamont Scott, 43, is fatally shot by a police officer in Charlotte, North Carolina. Police say the officer opened fire after Scott stepped out of a vehicle with a gun in his hand and didn’t obey commands to drop his weapon.
September 23 - Five people are killed after a gunman opens fire at a Washington state mall in Burlington, an hour north of Seattle. Shooting suspect Arcan Cetin, 20, is taken into custody on September 24 after a nearly 24-hour manhunt.
September 28 - A 14-year-old male opens fire on the playground of Townville Elementary School southwest of Greenville, South Carolina. Two children and a teacher are wounded. Jacob Hall, one of the wounded children, dies three days later. Authorities believe before going to the school, the teen shot and killed his father. He is taken into custody.
September 29 - A New Jersey commuter train crashes into the Hoboken Terminal during morning rush hour, leaving one dead and more than 100 injured.
October 7-8 - Hurricane Matthew hits Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina, leading to record-breaking flooding and millions of power outages. At least 45 US deaths are blamed on the storm. Before hitting the United States, Hurricane Matthew tore through Haiti on October 4, killing more than 500 people.
October 22 - AT&T announces an $85 billion deal to buy Time Warner, the parent company of CNN.
October 28 - In a letter to Congress, FBI Director James Comey says the FBI is reviewing new emails related to Hillary Clinton’s time as secretary of state. The emails were discovered as part of an investigation into former Congressman Anthony Weiner and were sent or received by his wife, Clinton aide Huma Abedin.
November 2 - The Chicago Cubs win their first World Series since 1908 by defeating the Cleveland Indians 8-7 in a 10 inning Game 7 at Progressive Field in Cleveland.
November 4 - Two former officials linked to New Jersey Governor Chris Christie’s office are found guilty on all charges in connection with the closure of lanes in 2013 on the George Washington Bridge in an apparent act of political retribution, the fallout for which has come to be known as Bridgegate. Bridget Anne Kelly, the former deputy chief of staff to Christie, and Bill Baroni, the former deputy executive director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, both faced seven counts of various charges including conspiracy, fraud, and civil rights deprivation.
November 6 - Based on a review of the newly discovered emails, James Comey tells lawmakers that the agency has not changed its opinion that Clinton should not face criminal charges.
November 8 - Donald Trump is elected president, defeating Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton in the general election.
November 18 - Donald Trump agrees to pay $25 million to settle three lawsuits against Trump University, without admitting any wrongdoing.
November 21 - A school bus crashes in Chattanooga, Tennessee, killing six children and injuring dozens. The driver, 24-year-old Johnthony Walker, is later arrested on vehicular homicide charges.
November 22 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 19,023.87, the first close above 19,000.
November 28 - An Ohio State University student drives his car into a group of people on the Columbus campus and then charges at passersby with a knife, injuring 11. Ohio State University police shoots the suspect, later identified as Abdul Razak Ali Artan, after he fails to obey orders to stop.
December 2 - At least 36 people die in a fire at an Oakland, California, converted warehouse where an electronic dance party was being held.
December 5 - The judge declares a mistrial on the fourth day of deliberations in the murder trial of Michael Slager, a former police officer charged with killing an unarmed black motorist in North Charleston, South Carolina.
December 7 - Two juveniles are charged in connection with a deadly Tennessee wildfire that began in late November and spread to Gatlinburg, Tennessee. Fourteen people lost their lives in the fires and more than 175 more were injured, according to officials.
December 15 - A jury finds Dylann Roof guilty of all 33 federal charges he faced after last year’s massacre at a historically black church in Charleston, South Carolina. In the next phase of the trial, scheduled to begin in January, jurors will weigh whether Roof, 22, should be sentenced to death or spend the rest of his life in prison.
Notable International Events:
January 2 - Otto Frederick Warmbier, a University of Virginia college student, is detained in North Korea after being accused of a “hostile act” against the government. In mid-March, Warmbier is sentenced to 15 years of hard labor for crimes against the state.
January 16 - Iran releases four US prisoners including Saeed Abedini, Amir Mirzaei Hekmati and Jason Rezaian, in exchange for clemency for seven Iranians imprisoned in the United States for sanctions violations.
January 28 - The trial begins for former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo and former Ivorian politician Charles Blé Goudé. Gbagbo and Blé Goudé are charged with four counts of crimes against humanity, including murder and rape, for acts allegedly committed in 2010 and 2011.
February 1 - The World Health Organization declares Zika a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) due to the increase of neurological disorders, such as microcephaly, in areas of French Polynesia and Brazil.
March 21 - The ICC declares former Congolese Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba guilty on two counts of crimes against humanity and three counts of war crimes for failing to keep his forces from raping and killing civilians in Central African Republic in 2002-2003. In June, Bemba is sentenced to 18 years in prison.
March 22 - Attacks on the airport and a subway station in Brussels, Belgium, kill more than 30 people and wound about 270 more. ISIS claims responsibility.
March 27 - On Easter Sunday, a suicide blast in a park in the eastern Pakistan city of Lahore kills 69 people and injures more than 340 others. A splinter group of the Pakistani Taliban, Jamat-ul-Ahrar, claims responsibility for the deadly attack.
April 3 - The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists publishes a massive leak of documents, dubbed the “Panama Papers.” The more-than 11 million documents, which date back four decades, are allegedly connected to Panama law firm Mossack Fonseca. ICIJ reports the firm helped establish secret shell companies and offshore accounts for global power players.
April 16 - A 7.8-magnitude earthquake strikes coastal Ecuador, killing 663 people.
May 6 - Sadiq Khan is elected mayor of London, becoming the first Muslim mayor of any major Western city.
May 17 - Amina Ali Nkeki, one of more than 200 Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram, is the first to be freed after two years in captivity.
May 21 - Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansour is killed in an airstrike in Pakistan.
June 3 - The International Olympic Committee reveals the first refugee team to ever compete at the Olympic Games.
July 1-2 - Attackers invade the Holey Artisan Bakery cafe in a diplomatic enclave of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. Gunmen kill 20 hostages and two police officers before authorities raid the restaurant and end the nearly 11-hour standoff. ISIS claims responsibility for the attack.
July 3 - A suicide car bomb detonates in a busy shopping district in Baghdad, Iraq, killing at least 292 people, and injuring at least 200. It is the deadliest single attack in Iraq since 2003. ISIS claims responsibility.
July 6 - A South African judge sentences athlete Oscar Pistorius to six years in prison for his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp’s murder. Barring an appeal, this will be the final sentencing.
July 6 - A Barcelona, Spain, court sentences soccer star Lionel Messi to 21 months in prison for tax fraud. However, because this is the first time Messi has committed an offense, he will not serve jail time.
July 14 - Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel plows a truck into crowds on the Promenade des Anglais seafront in Nice, France, during a fireworks celebration on Bastille Day. The attack kills 85 and injures more than 200.
July 15-16 - During an attempted coup by a faction of the military in Turkey, at least 290 people died and more than 1,400 were wounded.
July 30 - The Tunisian parliament passes a no-confidence vote against Prime Minister Habib Essid.
August 22 - A 6.2-magnitude earthquake strikes central Italy, killing at least 290 people.
August 31 - Brazil’s Senate votes to remove President Dilma Rousseff from office.
September 4 - Mother Teresa, a Catholic nun who devoted her life to helping India’s poor, is declared a saint in a canonization Mass held by Pope Francis in the Vatican.
September 9 - North Korea claims to have detonated a nuclear warhead.
September 20 - A Brazilian judge rules that there is enough evidence for former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, his wife and six others to stand trial on corruption charges, relating to the state-run oil company Petrobus.
September 27 - Islamic militant Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi is sentenced to nine years in prison after pleading guilty to war crimes for destroying religious and historic monuments in the ancient city of Timbuktu, Mali. The trial marks the first time the ICC has tried the destruction of cultural heritage as a war crime.
October 2 - Colombians narrowly reject a referendum on a peace deal between the government and former rebel group FARC that would have ended five decades of war.
October 4 - Hurricane Matthew makes landfall in Haiti, tearing through the small Caribbean nation with 125 mph winds and heavy rains that flood villages, raze crops, sweep away cattle and cut off parts of the island. The official death toll is more than 500, according to Haiti’s Civil Protection Service. Four people are also reported dead in the Dominican Republic.
October 13 - Boko Haram militants hand over 21 Chibok schoolgirls to authorities after a series of negotiations with the Nigerian government. It’s the first mass release of any of the more than 200 girls and women kidnapped from their school in April 2014. As many as 57 girls escaped almost immediately in 2014 and one was found in May 2016.
October 17 - Iraqi forces and their allies begin an offensive operation to reclaim Mosul, the largest city under ISIS control and its last remaining stronghold in Iraq.
October 21 - More than 70 people are killed and 600 others injured when an overloaded train derails in central Cameroon.
October 24 - At least 61 people are killed and 117 injured when militants attack a police training academy in Quetta, Pakistan.
November 28 - A plane crashes near Medellin, Colombia, killing more than 70 people, including members of the Brazilian soccer team Chapecoense.
December 9 - Lawmakers in South Korea’s National Assembly vote, 234-56, to impeach President Park Geun-hye over a corruption scandal.
December 10 - A church in the Nigerian city of Uyo collapses during services Saturday, killing at least 23 people.
December 10 - Forty-four people, mostly police officers, are killed and 155 wounded in twin bombings in Istanbul. The explosions, one large blast followed by a smaller one, occurred after a heavily attended soccer game at Besiktas Vodafone Arena.
December 11 - A bomb explodes killing at least 25 during morning mass at Cairo’s main Coptic house of worship.
December 11 - A car filled with explosives rams into the main entrance of a port in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 20 people and injuring 15, most of whom were port employees and pedestrians.
December 19 - A tractor-trailer runs into a Christmas market in a major public square in Berlin, killing 12 people and injuring 48. Hours after the suspect Anis Amri is killed in a shootout with police in Milan, Italy, on December 23, footage appears of the Tunisian man pledging allegiance to ISIS.
December 23, 2016 - The UN Security Council approves a resolution which calls on Israel to “immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem.”
December 31, 2016 - Two suicide bombers carry out an attack in Baghdad, killing at least 28 people.
Awards and Winners:
January 10 - The Golden Globes are presented.
January 11 - The College Football Playoff National Championship takes place.
January 18-January 31 - The Australian Open is played.
January 31 - The NHL All-Star Game is played in Nashville.
February 5 - The NAACP Image Awards are presented.
February 7 - Super Bowl 50 is played in Santa Clara, California.
February 15 - The 58th Annual Grammy Awards are presented.
February 21 - The 58th Daytona 500 is run.
February 28 - The 88th Annual Academy Awards are presented.
March 15-April 4 - The NCAA Men’s Basketball Tournament takes place.
April 4-10 - The 80th Masters Tournament is played in Augusta, Georgia.
April 18 - The Pulitzer Prizes are announced.
April 18 - The 120th Boston Marathon takes place.
May 7 - The 142nd Kentucky Derby is run.
May 22-June 5 - The French Open is played.
May 29 - The 100th Indianapolis 500 is run.
May 30-June 12 - The Stanley Cup Finals are played.
June 2-19 - The NBA Finals take place.
June 12 - The 70th Annual Tony Awards are presented.
June 13-19 - The 116th US Open golf tournament takes place in Oakmont, Pennsylvania.
June 27-July 10 - The Wimbledon tennis tournament takes place.
July 2-24 - The Tour de France takes place.
July 14-17 - The 145th British Open golf tournament takes place at the Royal Troon in Troon, Scotland.
August 5-21 - The Olympic Games are held in Rio de Janeiro.
August 29-September 11 - The US Open tennis tournament is played.
September 7-18 - The Paralympic Games are held in Rio de Janeiro.
September 18 - The 68th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards are presented.
October 3-13 - Nobel Prize winners are announced.
October 25-November 2 - The World Series takes place.
December 10 - The Heisman Trophy is presented.
Notable Deaths in 2016:
Dale Bumpers - January 1
Mike Oxley - January 1
Vilmos Zsigmond - January 1
Robert Stigwood - January 4
Pat Harrington - January 6
André Courrèges - January 7
David Bowie - January 10
Monte Irvin - January 11
David Margulies - January 11
Alan Rickman - January 14
Dan Haggerty - January 15
Glenn Frey - January 18
Abe Vigoda - January 26
Paul Kantner - January 28
Bob Elliott - February 2
Joe Alaskey - February 3
Dave Mirra - February 4
Edgar Mitchell - February 4
Maurice White - February 4
Antonin Scalia - February 13
George Gaynes - February 15
Denise Matthews “Vanity” - February 15
Boutros Boutros-Ghali - February 16
Umberto Eco - February 19
Harper Lee - February 19
Sonny James - February 22
George Kennedy - February 28
Bud Collins - March 4
Pat Conroy - March 4
Joey Feek - March 4
Nancy Reagan - March 6
Sir George Martin - March 8
Keith Emerson - March 10
Frank Sinatra Jr. - March 16
Larry Drake - March 17
Rob Ford - March 22
Joe Garagiola Sr.- March 23
Ken Howard - March 23
Garry Shandling - March 24
James Noble - March 28
Patty Duke - March 29
Zaha Hadid - March 31
Merle Haggard - April 6
Will Smith III - April 9
David Gest - April 12
Anne Jackson - April 12
Doris Roberts - April 17
Joanie Laurer “Chyna” - April 20
Prince - April 21
Madeleine LeBeau - May 1
Guy Clark - May 17
Morley Safer - May 19
Alan Young - May 19
Muhammad Ali - June 3
Kevin “Kimbo Slice” Ferguson - June 6
Theresa Saldana - June 6
Gordie Howe - June 10
Christina Grimmie - June 10
Michu Meszaros - June 12
Ann Morgan Guilbert - June 14
Attrell Cordes - June 17
Ron Lester - June 17
Anton Yelchin - June 19
Bernie Worrell - June 24
Bill Cunningham - June 25
Scotty Moore - June 28
Pat Summitt - June 28
Michael Cimino - July 2
Elie Wiesel - July 2
Noel Neill - July 3
Garry Marshall - July 19
Timothy LaHaye - July 25
Youree Dell Harris “Miss Cleo” - July 26
Jack Davis - July 27
David Huddleston - August 2
Pete Fountain - August 6
Kenny Baker - August 13
Jack Riley - August 19
Steven Hill - August 23
Juan Gabriel - August 28
Gene Wilder - August 29
Jon Polito - September 1
Hugh O’Brian - September 5
Phyllis Schlafly - September 5
Lady Chablis - September 8
Alexis Arquette - September 11
Edward Albee - September 16
W.P. Kinsella - September 16
Charmian Carr - September 17
Curtis Hanson - September 20
Stanley Dural Jr., “Buckwheat Zydeco” - September 24
Bill Nunn - September 24
José Fernández - September 25
Arnold Palmer - September 25
Gloria Naylor - September 28
Agnes Nixon - September 28
Shimon Peres - September 28
King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand - October 13
Pete Burns - October 23
Tom Hayden - October 23
Tammy Grimes - October 30
Janet Reno - November 7
Leonard Cohen - November 7
Gwen Ifill - November 14
Florence Henderson - November 24
Fidel Castro - November 25
Ron Glass - November 26
Jayaraman Jayalalithaa - December 5
Joseph Mascolo - December 7
John Glenn - December 8
Alan Thicke - December 13
Craig Sager - December 15
Zsa Zsa Gabor - December 18
Richard Adams - December 24
George Michael - December 25
Vera Rubin - December 25
Ricky Harris - December 26
George S. Irving - December 26
Carrie Fisher - December 27
Debbie Reynolds - December 28
Keion Carpenter - December 29
Tyrus Wong - December 30
William Christopher - December 31