- Nano four-wheel drive car, tiny lift and molecular muscle built
- Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences says the technology could lead to a revolution
The prize went to Jean-Pierre Sauvage of the University of Strasbourg in France; Sir James Fraser Stoddart of Northwestern University in the United States; and Bernard L Feringa of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands for the "design and synthesis of molecular machines."
"The 2016 Nobel Laureates in Chemistry have miniaturized machines and taken chemistry to a new dimension," the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement.
The men, who have researched both independently and with each other, will share the 8 million kronor ($933,000) prize between them.
According to the Nobel Prize Twitter account, Stoddart said: "It's not just a scientific family, it's almost a biological family; we're very close to each other."
Another tweet explained that Sauvage took the first step in 1983 by linking two ring-shaped molecules together to form a chain.
Stoddart in 1991 developed a rotaxane, a dumbbell-shaped molecular structure that enabled him to build a molecular lift, a molecular muscle and a molecule-based computer chip.