- Chemical weapons deliberately against civilians in Darfur conflict, says Amnesty
- The attacks may constitute a war crime, the report said.
- Witnesses say skin became rotten and fell off in chunks after attacks.
(CNN)The Sudanese government has been accused of using chemical weapons against the people of Darfur, according to a report released by Amnesty International on Thursday.
Likely more than one chemical
Amnesty International claims to have evidence of the use of suspected chemical weapons in Darfur. It says two independent experts have concluded the evidence suggests exposure to blister agents.
- Blister agents include sulfur mustard and nitrogen mustard. Sulfur mustard has long been in use as a chemical weapon -- it inflicted horrific casualties in World War I.
- Mustard agents inflict chemical burns on the skin, eyes and lungs, and can also affect the internal organs. Victims can be disabled as a result of exposure. It can be fatal if they come into contact with large amounts.
- While damage is caused to the body's cells within minutes of contact with mustard agent, it can take hours before the full effects are felt.
- Symptoms can include blistering, itching or severe burning of the skin; weeping eyes, swollen eyelids or even blindness; vomiting and collapse.
- The effects of severe exposure can last for years.
- There's no antidote for mustard agent injury.
Sources: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons