NEW: Deal comes as airstrikes pound Idlib, southwest of besieged city of Aleppo
Ceasefire scheduled to take effect Monday
The United States and Russia have announced a plan to bring about a ceasefire in Syria, US Secretary of State John Kerry said.
“Today we are announcing an arrangement that we think has the capability of sticking, but it’s dependent on people’s choices,” Kerry said Friday in Geneva, Switzerland, appearing alongside Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.
Kerry said the pact calls for the Syrian government and the opposition to respect a nationwide ceasefire scheduled to take effect at sundown Monday.
The Syrian regime announced its support of the ceasefire deal Saturday, according to the state-run al-Ikhbariya TV.
Kerry said the accord would prevent Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s air force from flying combat missions anywhere the opposition is present, calling this provision the “bedrock of the agreement.” He labeled the Syrian air force the “main driver of civilian casualties” and migrant flows.
“That should put an end to the barrel bombs, an end to the indiscriminate bombing of civilian neighborhoods,” Kerry said.
In February, a cessation of hostilities negotiated between Kerry and Lavrov fell apart within weeks, and efforts to reach a political settlement in the war-torn country have been on the verge of collapse.
Airstrikes in Idlib
Airstrikes still went on Saturday in the city of Idlib, with at least 24 people killed, according to the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights. The Syria Civil Defense, a volunteer search and rescue group, tweeted a dramatic image of airstrike victims in the city that’s about 35 miles southwest of the besieged Aleppo.
Kerry and Lavrov said Friday that once the cessation of hostilities holds for seven days, their countries would begin working on military coordination in an effort to target one-time al Qaeda affiliate Jabhat Fateh Al-Sham, previously known as al Nusra Front.
“Going after Nusra is not a concession to anybody; it is profoundly in the interest of the United States to target al Qaeda,” Kerry said, saying the group was planning attacks both in and outside of Syria, including ones directed at the United States.
“If groups within the legitimate opposition want to retain their legitimacy, they need to distance themselves in every way possible from Nusra and Daesh,” Kerry added, referring to ISIS.
Kerry said this cooperation would entail “some sharing of information” with Russia pertaining to the delineation of the various groups on the battlefield. After the seven-day cessation of hostilities and delivery of aid, “US and Russian experts will work together to defeat Daesh and Nusra,” Kerry said.
Kerry also said the accord would allow for humanitarian access to parts of Syria such as Aleppo caught in the crossfire and provide for the creation of a demilitarized areas around that northern city.
The secretary reiterated several times the deal was dependent on the adherence of all parties, both regime and opposition.
Citing private sources for al-Ikhbariya TV, Assad’s government said “all hostilities in Aleppo will be halted for humanitarian reasons” and that one of the purposes of the deal is to find political solutions to the conflict.
It said a US-Russian coordination center will be created to target ISIS and Jabhat Fateh al-Sham with warplanes and high-precision weaponry.
World leaders welcome deal
Syria’s opposition favors the new deal “if it is going to be enforced,” Bassma Kodmani, a member of the High Negotiations Committee, said in a statement Saturday.
“When the cessation of hostilities was installed in February, the opposition – 100 groups – respected it. It was violated by the regime,” Kodmani said. “So a return to a cessation of hostilities has been our demand.”
The United Nations also welcomed the deal, saying Saturday that it expected all parties to facilitate in the delivery of humanitarian aid to besieged areas.
Foreign ministers in Turkey, Germany and the UK all greeted Friday’s announcement.
Months of effort
The landmark agreement comes after months of unsuccessful efforts to reach a ceasefire between Assad’s government and moderate rebels that would expand humanitarian access for hundreds of thousands of Syrians, efforts met by public skepticism from both the White House and the Pentagon.
Officials involved in the negotiations had been less than optimistic about a possible agreement in the latest round of talks in Geneva, with one senior official traveling with Kerry saying, “We are going to try, but our patience is not infinite.”
But during Friday’s drawn-out press conference, a lighthearted moment occurred when the Russian minister orchestrated the delivery of pizzas and two bottles of Russian vodka to the reporters, saying, “The pizza was from the US delegation, the vodka was from the Russian delegation.”
Greater cooperation between US, Russia
The new US-Russia strategy hinges on deeper cooperation between the US and Russian military against extremist groups operating in Syria, particularly ISIS and the former al Nusra. The two sides are also holding talks on coordinating more closely the air operations they are both conducting in Syria.
But the United States has resisted coming to an agreement due to Russian and Syrian regime actions against civilians in Aleppo.