In this photo released by Xinhua News Agency, Chinese suspects involved in wire fraud, center, sit in a plane as they arrive at the Beijing Capital International Airport in Beijing on Wednesday, April 13, 2016. The deportation of nearly four dozen Taiwanese that's part of a larger group including mainland Chinese from Kenya to China where they are being investigated over wire fraud allegations is focusing new attention on Beijingís willingness to assert its sovereignty claim over the Taiwan, and the leverage it wields over smaller nations in backing that position.(Yin Gang/Xinhua News Agency via AP) NO SALES
Associated Press
In this photo released by Xinhua News Agency, Chinese suspects involved in wire fraud, center, sit in a plane as they arrive at the Beijing Capital International Airport in Beijing on Wednesday, April 13, 2016. The deportation of nearly four dozen Taiwanese that's part of a larger group including mainland Chinese from Kenya to China where they are being investigated over wire fraud allegations is focusing new attention on Beijingís willingness to assert its sovereignty claim over the Taiwan, and the leverage it wields over smaller nations in backing that position.(Yin Gang/Xinhua News Agency via AP) NO SALES
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Story highlights

Dozens of Taiwanese have been deported from Kenya to China in recent months

They are accused of running Internet and phone scam operations

(CNN) —  

Taiwan has strongly protested the deportation of five of its nationals from Kenya to mainland China, the second such incident in recent months.

The move showed “contempt for human rights,” Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) said in a statement.

According to Chinese state-run news agency Xinhua, the five Taiwanese were part of a group of 40 fraud suspects brought from Kenya to China in police custody on Monday.

ALSO READ: Kenya defends forcing 45 Taiwanese onto a plane to China

Alleged fraudsters

The deportees are accused by Chinese authorities of being involved in dozens of fraud cases worth upwards of $600,000. They were arrested by Kenyan police in November 2014, Xinhua said.

They are part of the same group deported from Kenya to mainland China in April, who were also accused of fraud. That group included 45 Taiwanese citizens, sparking a diplomatic incident between Taipei and Beijing.

Many of the suspects deported to China had previously been acquitted by a court in Nairobi of running a complex phone and internet scamming operation, but then later charged by Chinese authorities. Chinese officials said the Taiwanese nationals confessed after being flown to China.

At the time, China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman, Lu Kang, said “the one China policy is an important precondition for bilateral relations with China and other countries. We commend Kenya for implementing this policy.”

The “one China” policy is the principle that Taiwan and China are part of the same country. The governments of Taiwan and China both claim sovereignty over mainland China and Taiwan – but crucially, neither recognizes the other’s legitimacy.

Kenya does not recognize Taiwan – officially the Republic of China (ROC) – nor does it maintain diplomatic relations with the island. Only a handful of states, mainly small island nations and South American countries, recognize the ROC.

According to Xinhua, Chinese police “kept their Taiwan counterparts informed of all developments” with regard to the latest deportations.