U.S. Trafficking in Persons Report: How does your country fare?

Updated 2:18 AM EDT, Fri July 1, 2016
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(CNN) —  

Myanmar, Sudan and Haiti are currently among the worst offenders for human trafficking, according to a new report published today by the U.S. State Department.

The three nations were among 27 to be downgraded in this year’s annual Trafficking in Persons – or TIP – report.

What the TIP Tiers mean

  • Tier 1: Governments fully comply with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act's (TVPA) minimum standards.

  • Tier 2: Governments do not fully comply, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance.

  • Tier 2 Watch List: Governments do not fully comply, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance, as well as other negative indicators.

  • Tier 3: Governments do not fully comply and are not making significant efforts to do so.

  • (Source: U.S. State Department)

After two years, Thailand moved off the bottom rung due to the government’s “significant efforts” to eliminate trafficking. Though the report says there’s still “widespread forced labor” in the country’s seafood sector.

And on the same day new President Rodrigo Duterte assumed power, the Philippines moved up to become a Tier 1 nation. However, sex trafficking is still considered a “significant problem.”

According to the U.S. State Department, the report is “the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts.” It rates 190 nations – up from last year’s 188 with the addition of Libya and Yemen – on how effectively governments are tackling the human trafficking industry on a scale from the worst on Tier 3 to best on Tier 1.

If a nation sits on the Tier 2 Watch List for two years, it’s automatically downgraded to Tier 3, unless the U.S. Secretary of State decides to waive it for a maximum of two years.

We take a closer look at which governments are taking the fight to the human traffickers and which, according to this year’s report, could do better.

Bottom of the pile

Myanmar

Myanmar has been on the Tier 2 Watch List since 2011, but this year fell to the bottom with a Tier 3 grading.

The country has long been plagued with migration and human trafficking problems, specifically from within its oppressed Rohingya community. Rohingya are especially vulnerable to human traffickers, who for years have preyed on their desperation and charged extortionate fees for transport through Thailand and by sea, primarily to Malaysia.