The political fights of Muhammad Ali

Story highlights

Muhammad Ali rose to international prominence during the height of the civil rights movement and Vietnam War

Here are some of Ali's most memorable fights outside the ring

Ali call for release was a boost for reporter who was held in Iran, journalist tells CNN

Washington CNN  — 

Muhammad Ali may have first made his mark on the world as a boxer, but he’ll also be remembered for his outspoken political positions. The three-time heavyweight, who died Friday after a lengthy fight with Parkinson’s disease, rose to international prominence during the height of the civil rights movement and Vietnam War and often criticized the U.S. government on issues of war, race and class.

Here are some of Ali’s most memorable fights outside the ring.

The boxer formerly known as Cassius Clay

Born Cassius Clay, Ali joined the Nation of Islam in 1964 and legally changed his name, first to Cassius X – the X reflecting the unknown name he said was taken from him by slave owners centuries before – and later to Muhammad Ali, meaning “praiseworthy one.”

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Many in the United States scorned Ali’s name change and his alignment with the Nation of Islam, and most sportscasters initially refused to call him by his new name. When he was convicted in 1967 of violating U.S. Selective Service laws to avoid being drafted into the Vietnam War, The New York Times covered this courtroom exchange:

“(U.S. Attorney Morton) Susman, who was aided in the prosecution by a Negro assistant, Carl Walker, said that he had studied the Muslim order “and it is as much political as it is religious.”

Clay, who had stood stiffly in his gray silk suit and black alligator shoes without speaking, could keep quiet no longer.

“If I can say so, sir,” he said, “my religion is not political in no way.”

‘They never called me n—-r’

Ali’s refusal to be inducted into the armed forces to fight in the Vietnam War on the grounds that he was a conscientious objector made him perhaps the highest-profile draft dodger in history.

“My conscience won’t let me go shoot my brother, or some darker people, or some poor hungry people in the mud for big powerful America. And shoot them for what,” he said. “They never called me n—-r, they never lynched me, they didn’t put no dogs on me, they didn’t rob me of my nationality, rape or kill my mother and father. … How can I shoot them poor people? Just take me to jail.”

Clay v. United States

As a result, Ali was convicted of refusing to report for induction. He also was stripped of his passport, fined $10,000 and denied a boxing license in every state, preventing him from fighting from March 1967 to October 1970. He spent much of his late 20s, what should have been the prime of his career, watching his case work its way through the appeals process before it reached the U.S. Supreme Court in 1971.

The court overturned Ali’s conviction in an 8-0 ruling, saying the U.S. government had failed to properly specify why Ali’s application to be a conscientious objector had been denied. The decision allowed Ali to return to professional fighting.

Advocating for reporter’s release from Iran

A Washington Post reporter who spent 545 days in an Iranian prison before being released in January said Ali helped his cause.

In March 2015, Ali released a statement that said, in part, “I am sorry that I cannot be physically present to lend my support in person but I pray my words will provide relief to the efforts to secure the release of Jason Rezaian. Insha’Allah. It is my great hope that the government and judiciary of Iran will end the prolonged detention of journalist Jason Rezaian.”

In an exclusive interview with CNN’s Jim Sciutto, Rezaian said the boxing legend is revered In Iran and when his guards heard about Ali’s plea, “They started treating me in a better way. I think it brought some doubt to them about the (espionage-related) charges against me.”

This was the first interview in which Rezaian has talked about his time in Iranian prison.

In a piece he wrote for his newspaper, Rezaian said of Ali’s words, “It was a turning point for me. The public acknowledgment by Muhammad Ali, one of the most unifying figures in the world, that he believed I was innocent of any wrongdoing meant everything to me.”


During the height of the Vietnam War, the National Security Agency tapped the phones of multiple prominent Americans, including Ali, because they criticized U.S. policy and the war.