A Jewish scholar reads in an empty courtyard in Italy's Venetian Ghetto. Jews were forced to live for centuries in this part of Venice, and it is where the modern-day word of "ghetto" was derived.
Campo Novo is the only square in the confined space of the ghetto. Not many people live there now, according to photographer Ziyah Gafic.
The ghetto is in Venice's Cannaregio district.
"It was summer in Venice, and the place was fairly deserted and quiet," Gafic said of his photo shoot.
Children play in front of a memorial for Venetian Jews who were deported during World War II.
Rabbi Scialom Bahbout is seen in the dining room of his ghetto residence. He left Libya in 1968 and has lived in Venice for decades.
Ghetto residents play cards in a courtyard.
There is a palpable void in each of Gafic's photos, a recognition of the vast silence of the world when crimes against humanity were committed.
"I do understand what it is like to be in a lockdown situation, so it was sadly an advantage during that assignment," said Gafic, a Bosnian who was 12 years old during the Siege of Sarajevo. "That (experience) really shaped my vision of the world which I try to translate into imagery."
Virginia Gattegno survived the Auschwitz concentration camp in World War II.