oregon standoff last four protesters surrendered ward sot_00005813.jpg
KOIN
oregon standoff last four protesters surrendered ward sot_00005813.jpg
Now playing
01:16
Oregon standoff: 'Hallelujah,' it's over
KSNV
Now playing
00:47
Cliven Bundy released from jail
FBI is playing out tape live now they say will depict the death of Finicum.    USE CAUTION TAKING THIS TAPE TO AIR!
FBI
FBI is playing out tape live now they say will depict the death of Finicum. USE CAUTION TAKING THIS TAPE TO AIR!
Now playing
00:45
Video shows shooting of LaVoy Finicum
Ammon Bundy makes his way from the entrance of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge Headquarters in Burns, Oregon on January 6, 2016. A small group of armed activists remained holed up at a remote US federal wildlife refuge in Oregon, vowing to leave only if asked by local residents. AFP PHOTO/ ROB KERR / AFP / ROB KERR        (Photo credit should read ROB KERR/AFP/Getty Images)
ROB KERR/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
Ammon Bundy makes his way from the entrance of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge Headquarters in Burns, Oregon on January 6, 2016. A small group of armed activists remained holed up at a remote US federal wildlife refuge in Oregon, vowing to leave only if asked by local residents. AFP PHOTO/ ROB KERR / AFP / ROB KERR (Photo credit should read ROB KERR/AFP/Getty Images)
Now playing
01:11
1 dead, 8 arrested in armed Oregon occupation
BUNKERVILLE, NV - APRIL 24: Rancher Cliven Bundy speaks during a news conference near his ranch on April 24, 2014 in Bunkerville, Nevada. The Bureau of Land Management and Bundy have been locked in a dispute for a couple of decades over grazing rights on public lands. (Photo by David Becker/Getty Images)
David Becker/Getty Images
BUNKERVILLE, NV - APRIL 24: Rancher Cliven Bundy speaks during a news conference near his ranch on April 24, 2014 in Bunkerville, Nevada. The Bureau of Land Management and Bundy have been locked in a dispute for a couple of decades over grazing rights on public lands. (Photo by David Becker/Getty Images)
Now playing
02:31
The history of Cliven and Ammon Bundy
BURNS, OR - JANUARY 06:  Ammon Bundy, the leader of an anti-government militia, speaks to members of the media in front of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge Headquarters on January 6, 2016 near Burns, Oregon.  An armed anti-government militia group continues to occupy the Malheur National Wildlife Headquarters as they protest the jailing  of two ranchers for arson.  (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
Justin Sullivan/Getty Images
BURNS, OR - JANUARY 06: Ammon Bundy, the leader of an anti-government militia, speaks to members of the media in front of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge Headquarters on January 6, 2016 near Burns, Oregon. An armed anti-government militia group continues to occupy the Malheur National Wildlife Headquarters as they protest the jailing of two ranchers for arson. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
Now playing
02:05
Ammon Bundy to Oregon occupiers: Go home
Now playing
01:42
Guess who owns 28% of U.S. land
Ammon Bundy(R), leader of a group of armed anti-government protesters speaks to the media as other members look on at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge near Burns, Oregon January 4, 2016.
ROB KERR/AFP/Getty Images
Ammon Bundy(R), leader of a group of armed anti-government protesters speaks to the media as other members look on at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge near Burns, Oregon January 4, 2016.
Now playing
01:37
Leader of armed Oregon protesters took federal loans
oregon bundy occupy wildlife refuge vercammen tsr pkg_00010709.jpg
KOIN
oregon bundy occupy wildlife refuge vercammen tsr pkg_00010709.jpg
Now playing
02:06
See inside contested Oregon federal building
oregon armed protesters occupy federal land sandoval dnt_00001413.jpg
oregon armed protesters occupy federal land sandoval dnt_00001413.jpg
Now playing
02:47
Oregon showdown explained: Patriots or #YallQaeda?
Date Shot:  02 Jan 2016    Location Shot:  Burns, Eastern Oregon
KTVZ
Date Shot: 02 Jan 2016 Location Shot: Burns, Eastern Oregon
Now playing
05:05
Armed Oregon protester speaks with CNN
rally oregon rancher supporters dnt_00002509.jpg
KTVZ
rally oregon rancher supporters dnt_00002509.jpg
Now playing
02:05
Armed protesters rally to support Oregon rancher
Ammon Bundy(R), leader of a group of armed anti-government protesters speaks to the media as other members look on at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge near Burns, Oregon January 4, 2016.
ROB KERR/AFP/Getty Images
Ammon Bundy(R), leader of a group of armed anti-government protesters speaks to the media as other members look on at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge near Burns, Oregon January 4, 2016.
Now playing
01:42
Oregon activist: FBI has warrants for our arrest
paiute tribe oregon standoff pkg sidner_00000816.jpg
paiute tribe oregon standoff pkg sidner_00000816.jpg
Now playing
02:25
Tribe council member: Protesters are bullies, criminals

Story highlights

NEW: Officers didn't have body cameras when they killed LaVoy Finicum last month, FBI says

The final holdout finally agrees to surrender after initially refusing to end occupation

Cliven Bundy is charged with six federal counts and will appear in federal court Thursday

(CNN) —  

A 41-day occupation at a federal wildlife refuge in Oregon ended Thursday when the four remaining protesters surrendered to authorities, according to a live-streamed phone call transmitted from the scene.

For a moment, the surrender took a dramatic turn when the last holdout refused to follow the other three and continued the standoff at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge’s headquarters in Harney County.

David Fry contended his grievances against the federal government hadn’t been addressed, but he ultimately relented and abandoned the occupation after supporters coaxed him on the phone call, which was carried on YouTube and followed by tens of thousands of listeners for several hours.

Fry said, “I am walking to them right now” as the other people on the phone call said, “Hallelujah, keep walking.”

Through the open phone line, listeners could hear officials as they arrested the man, saying “nice and easy, hands behind your back.”

The end of the siege came after the armed occupiers earlier indicated they would turn themselves in. By morning’s end, they fulfilled that pledge.

Moments before Fry surrendered, he said he would walk out of the refuge – if everyone exclaimed “Hallelujah!” said Harney County Sheriff David Ward.

Just about everyone did, even SWAT team members, the sheriff said.

Last month, one of the leading occupiers was killed by authorities in a highway incident.

Before the final surrender, federal agents arrested the figurehead of the protesters’ movement: Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy, who didn’t participate in the occupation but is the father of arrested standoff leader Ammon Bundy.

Cliven Bundy's mugshot was released by the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office.
Multnomah County Sheriff
Cliven Bundy's mugshot was released by the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office.

For now, the arrests of the Bundys and the end of occupation put the dispute in the hands of the courts. The Bundys and their supporters argue that the federal government has exceeded the boundaries of the Constitution.

Oregon siege: What the armed group wants and why

A Facebook page for his ranch announced that Cliven Bundy, who came to the national spotlight in a fight with the federal Bureau of Land Management over grazing rights for his cattle in 2014, was heading to Oregon earlier Wednesday.

“It’s time,” the post said. “Cliven Bundy is headed to the Harney County Resource Center in Burns Oregon.”

After landing in Portland, Oregon, Bundy was taken into federal custody, the FBI said.

Bundy to appear in court Thursday

Bundy was charged with six counts relating to the 2014 standoff with the federal government, according to a criminal complaint filed in U.S. District Court in Nevada.

He was charged with conspiracy to commit an offense against the United States, assault on a federal law officer by use of a deadly and dangerous weapon, interference with commerce by extortion, and obstruction of justice. He was also charged with two counts of use and carry of a firearm in relation to a crime of violence, the complaint said.

He appeared in federal court in Portland and asked for a court-appointed attorney, The Oregonian reported.

It’s not clear what he’s been charged with. The FBI said authorities would make charging information available on Thursday morning.

Bundy’s son, Ammon, was arrested last month.

Long list of alleged occupiers

Authorities identified the last four occupiers arrested Thursday: Fry, 27, of Blanchester, Ohio; Jeff Wayne Banta, 46, of Yerington, Nevada; and Sean Larry Anderson, 47, and Sandra Lynn Anderson, 48, both of Riggins, Idaho, the FBI said.

They are scheduled to be arraigned Friday in federal court in Portland.

No one was injured, and no shots were fired in the last arrests, the FBI said.

During the 41-day occupation, there were as many as “dozens of highly armed militants occupying, visiting and supplying the refuge,” the FBI said.

On February 3, a federal grand jury indicted 16 people, including the four who surrendered, the FBI said.

The other 12 people indicted are Dylan Wade Anderson, 34, of Provo, Utah; Brian Cavalier, 44, of Bunkerville, Nevada; Shawna Cox, 59, Kanab, Utah; Duane Leo Ehmer, 45, of Irrigon, Oregon; Kenneth Medenbach, 62, of Crescent, Oregon; Joseph Donald O’Shaughnessy, 45, of Cottonwood, Arizona; Jason S. Patrick, 43, of Bonaire, Georgia; Ryan Waylen Payne, 32, of Anaconda, Montana; Jon Eric Ritzheimer, 32, Peoria, Arizona; and Peter Santilli, 50, of Cincinnati, Ohio, according to the FBI.

Also indicted are Ammon Edward Bundy, 40, of Emmett, Idaho, and his brother Ryan C. Bundy, 43, of Bunkerville, Nevada, the FBI said.

Each are charged with a federal felony count of conspiracy to impede officers of the United States from discharging their official duties through the use of force, intimidation, or threats, the FBI said.

’Continued presence of militia groups’

The impact of the occupation is still playing out in Oregon, authorities said.

In fact, local authorities report the arrival of “militia groups” to Harney County.

Law officers “will now be able to begin the process of clearing booby traps and processing the crime scene,” Harney County Court said in a statement.

“In the meantime, the occupation and continued presence of militia groups in Harney County continues to cause division in the county and every community within. Calls for thousands of people to descend on Burns are very troubling,” the court statement said Thursday.

Federal authorities called for a return to normalcy, but acknowledged more work ahead.

“The occupation of the Malheur Wildlife Refuge has been a long and traumatic episode for the citizens of Harney County and the members of the Burns Paiute tribe. It is a time for healing, reconciliation amongst neighbors and friends, and allowing for life to get back to normal,” U.S. Attorney Billy J. Williams said in a statement.

“Much work is left to assess the crime scene and damage to the refuge and tribal artifacts. We are committed to seeing the job done and to pursue justice for the crimes committed during the illegal occupation,” he added.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the tribe will assess any damage to the tribe’s burial grounds or artifacts dating back thousands of years, said Gregory Bretzing, special agent in charge of FBI’s Portland office.

“Over the course of the last month, the people of Harney County have lived through an experience that is both highly emotional and physically exhausting,” he said in a statement. “We have seen some residents leave their homes, fearing violence against their families. We have seen the confusion, concern and trouble that the occupiers’ actions have caused for this community.”

Added Harney County Judge Steven Grasty at a press conference: “We look forward to the day when our community is ours once again.”

Sheriff Ward described his community as “torn apart” over the occupation.

“There’s been a lot of hurt, there’s been been lot of things said, but I don’t think there’s anything that’s been done that can’t be worked through,” the sheriff said.

News from a conference call

The refuge’s current occupiers said – during a purported live stream of a conference call between protesters, activists and conservative Nevada lawmaker Michele Fiore – they were prepared to leave Thursday morning.

The audio was live streamed on YouTube.

Fiore told those on the call that Mike Arnold – Ammon Bundy’s lawyer, who Fiore says was in the car with her – spoke with the FBI. She said the agency promised it would stand down Wednesday night and allow her to be at the FBI checkpoint on Thursday morning when the occupiers turn themselves in.

Fiore was indeed present at the surrender, as was Franklin Graham, the nationally known evangelist and son of legendary preacher Billy Graham, authorities said. Graham said he’s been talking with “the last four holdouts … every day by phone for the last week at their request and at the request of the FBI.”

Surrounded

The live stream started after the FBI surrounded those occupying the refuge.

According to the agency, one of the remaining occupiers rode outside barricades at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. When agents tried to approach him, he sped off back to the refuge.

After that, the FBI said agents