Fauja Singh is recognized as the first 100-year-old to ever run a marathon. The great-grandfather, nicknamed the "Turbaned Tornado," continues to run or walk every day. Now 106, he took up running to overcome his grief after the death of his wife and a son. He ran his first marathon at age 89. The key to life: "Laughter and happiness. That's your remedy for everything."
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Italian Luigina Vigiconte, 101, offered this advice: "Always be optimistic, never bitter, and always be polite with people." Vigiconte, who has eight sons, lives in Acciaroli, south of Naples, where one in 10 people is a centenarian. Scientists who have studied the area say the Mediterranean diet, genetics, regular exercise and the climate contribute to the longevity of the population.
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Vincenzo Baratta, 103, who also lives in Acciaroli, said there are two secrets to his long life. One is his diet; the farmer eats only once a day and avoids meat. He eats some fish and homemade pasta and has only one glass of wine per day. His other key: having "a lot of women in his life." A neighbor said he has gone through several caregivers because he made so many passes at them.
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Misao Okawa of Osaka, Japan, was 117 when she died April 1, 2015. She was the world's oldest person at the time, according to Guinness World Records. She was born on March 5, 1898, and had three children. Her husband died in 1931. She kept in shape throughout much of her life, saying that helped her live so long; at 102, she said she did leg squats to keep healthy. She didn't start using a wheelchair until she turned 110.
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Ruline Steininger, 103, was one of the first people in Iowa to vote for Hillary Clinton in September. The former schoolteacher, who cast her first vote for Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, said that staying politically active kept her young but also told her local paper that the secret to her long life was "I just keep not dying." She eventually did, in February.
Ruth Frith died February 28 at the age of 104. At 102, the Australian native was the oldest living competitor at the World Masters Games in Sydney, where she won several gold medals and set world records. Her advice for a long life? Avoid smoking, drinking and vegetables. She was also an optimist: "Every year brings something new. I've always been content with what I have."
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Konstantinos Spanos, 103, lives in Ikaria, a Greek island with a reputation for long-lived residents. Sponos said the key to his long life is modesty in everything, including "food, women and entertainment," although he might also want to add reading. He reads five hours a day.