Russian President Vladimir Putin (C) arrives on day two of the G20 Turkey Leaders Summit on November 16, 2015 in Antalya. Putin said on November 16 that the attacks in Paris showed the need for his proposal for an international anti-terror coalition to be realised.
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(L/R): Head of Dutch Military Intelligence and Security Service Onno Eichelsheim, Minister of Defence Ank Bijleveld and British ambassador Peter Wilson attend a press conference of the Dutch Military Intelligence and Security Service (MIVD) at The Hague, The Netherlands, on October 4, 2018. - Dutch intelligence thwarted a Russian cyber attack targeting the global chemical weapons watchdog in April and expelled four Russian agents, the government said. The Russians set up a car full of electronic equipment in the car park of a hotel next to the Organisation for the Prohibition for Chemical Weapons in The Hague in a bid to hack its computer system, it said. (Photo by Bart Maat / ANP / AFP) / Netherlands OUT (Photo credit should read BART MAAT/AFP/Getty Images)
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Story highlights

NEW: "NATO enlargement is not directed against anyone," NATO official tells CNN

Russia's President signs a new security strategy, which points to NATO expansion as a threat

The document says actions at home and abroad have prompted "counteraction" from the U.S.

(CNN) —  

Russian President Vladimir Putin has endorsed a new security strategy, which points to NATO expansion as a threat to the country.

The document outlines the national interests and strategic priorities of the nation. Putin signed the executive order Thursday, establishing a new posture toward the NATO bloc, which has seen its relationship with Russia deteriorate since the crisis in Ukraine, which began in 2014.

Russian news agency Tass quotes the strategy, which cites a NATO military buildup, and “the alliance’s approach to Russia’s borders,” as a threat to Russia’s national security. The document says the organization is illegally extending its reach.

“The buildup of the military potential of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and vesting it with global functions implemented in violations of norms of international law, boosting military activity of the bloc’s countries, further expansion of the alliance, the approach of its military infrastructure to Russian borders create a threat to the national security,” it says.

Russia: What happened in 2015 and what’s ahead

It says that Russia’s actions at home and abroad have prompted “counteraction” from the United States and its NATO allies.

“Russia’s strengthening is taking part on the background of new threats to national security that have a complicated and interlinked character. The independent domestic and foreign policy conducted by Russia triggers counteraction from the U.S. and their allies seeking to keep up their domination in global affairs.”

In a response to CNN, a NATO official said, “We will study this strategy closely. That said, we categorically reject totally unfounded claims that NATO and its policies constitute a security threat to Russia.

“NATO enlargement is not directed against anyone. Each sovereign nation has the right to choose for itself whether it joins any treaty or alliance. This is a fundamental principle of European security that Russia has also subscribed to and should respect. NATO’s Open Door has been a historic success – together with EU enlargement, it has spread stability and prosperity in Europe since the fall of the Berlin Wall.”

NATO is an alliance of 28 countries, founded in 1949 with 12 members. The latest expansion, in 2009, added Albania and Croatia.

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