In 2016, another barrier may very well be broken. All polls indicate that a woman or a Latino has a very good chance of being elected to be our 45th president.
But there is another barrier -- an important one in the eyes of the world -- that is almost certain not to be smashed. Barring an unprecedented political upheaval, the next president of the United States will be a Christian, just like virtually all of his (or her) predecessors. The only exceptions may have been Thomas Jefferson, who abandoned orthodox Christianity, and Abraham Lincoln, who often spoke of God and frequently quoted the Bible, but who never joined a church.
There are more than 300 million people in the United States, and 70.6 percent of them self-identify
as Christians. But that percentage dropped dramatically -- by 7.8 percentage points -- over the course of seven years, and there now are roughly 100 million non-Christians living in the United States.
It's another symbol of the changing face of our country, but it has yet to be reflected at the top level of American politics. Will the United States elect a president who is not a Christian?
Few non-Christians have run for president
A Jewish Democrat, Joe Lieberman, and a Jewish Republican, Arlen Specter, have run for president, but neither succeeded in winning his party's nomination. Lieberman, who was Al Gore's running mate in 2000, was the only Jew ever to run on a national ticket. Bernie Sanders is running for the Democratic nomination in 2016 but he is trailing Hillary Clinton in the polls
As for all the other religions that are part of the American mosaic, the total number of major-party presidential candidates remains stuck at zero.
There is one Hindu in Congress: Rep. Tulsi Gabbard of Hawaii. There are two Muslims: Reps. Keith Ellison of Minnesota and Andre Carson of Indiana. There are two Buddhists: Rep. Hank Johnson of Georgia and Sen. Mazie Hirono. None of them has ever been so much as mentioned as a possible president.
I am a Hindu by birth and Indian by origin. I also was born in the United States, and I am proud to be an American. In my travels throughout the world, I have developed a deep respect and appreciation for every religion. I feel the same energy at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem that I do at the Balaji Temple in Tirupati, India. I feel it at both the Wailing Wall and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.
But while this energy has enlightened me, it also has left me thinking about my country's image. The fabric of America has changed dramatically in the last half century, and I'm concerned that our politics are not keeping up with the change.
Other nations more flexible
One has to wonder why the United States has not evolved as quickly as other democracies. Indira Gandhi became prime minister of India in 1966; Golda Meir became prime minister of Israel in 1969 and Margaret Thatcher became prime minister of the United Kingdom in 1979. Yet the United States, a prime model for democracies in the world, has never had a woman president.
One has to wonder why India, a nation of nearly 1.3 billion people, 79.8 percent of whom are Hindu, has had a Sikh prime minister (Manmohan Singh) and a Muslim president (Abdul Kalam), yet for more than a century and a half the chief executive of the United States has always been a Christian.
And this is not a trivial matter. The United States, like no other country in the world, has opened its doors to immigrants. For nearly a quarter of a millennium, it has truly been the land of opportunity. People from all cultures have come here seeking a haven where their hopes and dreams can come true. Or at least most of them.
Donald Trump's suggestion that the United States ban all Muslim immigrants caused an uproar across the world, because it flew in the face of what the United States believes and what people throughout the world believe America stands for: universal acceptance of all people, regardless of their faith or cultural background.
As our country becomes more diverse, it needs to persuade both its own citizens and all those who hope to become citizens that it will always be a land of limitless opportunity for everyone.
Our message has always been one of acceptance. It's ironic that we profess to believe that everyone is created equal, but at the end of the day, when push comes to shove, our leader is inevitably a Christian. And this does not go unnoticed in many parts of the world