Bill Cosby is countersuing seven of his accusers
Danny Cevallos: For Cosby, best defense may be a good offense
On Monday, Bill Cosby struck back against his accusers, filing an answer and counterclaims against the plaintiffs in court. For Cosby, the best defense may ultimately be a good offense.
Cosby’s counterclaims, filed Monday, consist of 1) defamation per se; 2) defamation; 3) tortious interference; and 4) intentional infliction of emotional distress.
From a legal standpoint, it’s a good strategy—albeit a scorched-earth policy. Cosby is being sued for defamation by seven of the dozens of women who have accused him of sexual assault; the plaintiffs claim that his attorneys’ representatives’ public responses to the accusations defamed them. His defense will attack the credibility of witnesses against him, seeking to prove they have intentionally fabricated these allegations for monetary gain. That theory of defense parallels his new counterclaims against the plaintiffs: that they are intentionally fabricating these claims for monetary gain.
There’s not really a lot of risk here for Cosby, either. Or, another way of looking at it: it couldn’t make things any worse.
Here’s how strong each of these counts are, taken slightly out of order.
Counterclaim 2: Defamation
To establish a defamation claim under Massachusetts law, four elements are required: (1) that the defendant made a statement, concerning the plaintiff, to a third party”; (2) that the statement was defamatory such that it could damage the plaintiff’s reputation in the community; (3) that the defendant was at fault in making the statement; and (4) that the statement either caused the plaintiff economic loss, or is actionable without proof of economic loss.
Counterclaim 1: Defamation per se
That last part of the last element is also known as “defamation per se,” which is actually Counterclaim 1. As a general rule, defamation requires proof that a plaintiff actually suffered a measurable economic loss. Your Aunt Edna’s nasty rant about you on Facebook may have made you cry, but it probably didn’t actually cost you money.
Even if you think it did, you aren’t likely to hire an expensive expert to prove it cost you money, either. That’s why many people threaten defamation lawsuits, but few actually file them. However, some defamation is considered so mean-spirited, so destructive, that a plaintiff can recover even without proof of economic loss. In Massachusetts, examples of defamation that can fall under this category are: 1) libel; 2) accusations of crimes; 3) accusations that plaintiff has certain diseases; and 4) statements that may prejudice the plaintiff’s profession or business.
Counterclaim 3: Tortious interference
In order to make out a case for tortious interference with prospective contractual relations, a plaintiff has to prove: (1) plaintiff had a business relationship or contemplated contract; (2) the defendant knew about the relationship; (3) the defendant interfered with it through improper motive or means; and (4) the plaintiff’s loss of advantage directly resulted from the defendant’s conduct.
This might be more difficult for Cosby to prove. He probably had many then-existing and prospective deals in the entertainment business. However, he will have to prove that the accusers were specifically aware of these contracts, and that they acted intending to interfere with those contracts.
If Cosby losing these contracts was an unintended or unforeseeable consequence of the accusations, then this will be a difficult claim on which to prevail. Indeed, the accusers might counter that they had no economic incentive to interfere with his contracts—if anything, the more Cosby works…the more money is available to satisfy numerous judgments if his accusers were to win their lawsuits.
Counterclaim 4: Intentional infliction of emotional distress
Candidly speaking, in the world of lawsuits, intentional infliction of emotional distress, or “IIED” as it’s called, is often just an afterthought; an add-on to a complaint. It always sounds great as a claim—who isn’t emotionally distressed on some level by the person they have sued? Practically, however, it’s not usually the strongest cause of action in a complaint, which is why it usually brings up the rear in the list of claims against a defendant.
To sustain a claim of intentional infliction of emotional distress, a plaintiff must show (1) that the defendant intended to cause, or should have known that his conduct would cause, emotional distress; (2) that the defendant’s conduct was extreme and outrageous; (3) that the defendant’s conduct caused the plaintiff’s distress; and (4) that the plaintiff suffered severe distress.
The reason this is a tough one to win is because of the “extreme and outrageous” conduct standard. Courts have made clear that mere insults, indignities, threats, annoyances, petty oppressions, or other trivialities do not qualify.