Call of the wild

Published 8:26 AM ET, Thu December 10, 2015
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The Eurasian Lynx may be returning to the U.K. over 1,000 years after being driven to extinction, through a radical rewilding initiative. AFP/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
The predators could help control rampant deer populations that are destroying woodland ecosystems, enabling a recovery. Rewilding is loosely defined as restoring the primacy of natural processes. ATRICK PLEUL/AFP/GettyImages
The lynx has already been re-introduced to several European countries -- including Germany, where it has sparked an eco-tourism industry. Erwin van Maanen/Lynx UK
That predators are in demand is partly due to the success of re-introducing wolves to Yellowstone National Park. justasc/Shutterstock
Wolves were able to impact an elk population that was harming biodiversity in the Park. Bill Schaefer/Getty Images North America/Getty Images
Oregon State University researchers monitoring the recovery of Aspen trees following the wolves' re-introduction. OSU
The Marsican brown bear has been re-introduced to parts of Italy. Bruno D'Amicis / Rewilding Europ
However, this has proved controversial. An Italian farmer shows photos of his livestock that have been killed by bears. JOE KLAMAR/AFP/AFP/Getty Images
Some rewilding campaigners favor a bottom-up approach, exemplified by the Living Rivers project in the Netherlands, which created a landscape that allowed biodiversity to flourish. wiki commons
The Rewilding Europe network has dozens of members and programs, such as returning bison to the Carpathian Mountains. Staffan Widstrand / Rewilding Europe